Phi Kappa Sigma
|Phi Kappa Sigma|
|Founded||August 16, 1850
University of Pennsylvania
|Motto||Stellis Aequus Durando ("Equal to the Stars in Endurance")|
|Publication||Maltese Cross Magazine|
|Philanthropy||Leukemia & Lymphoma Society|
|Chapters||42 active, 5 colonies|
|Nickname||Phi Kaps, Skulls, Skulls and Bones, or Skullhouse|
|Headquarters||2 Timber Drive
Chester Springs, PA 19425, United States
Phi Kappa Sigma (ΦΚΣ) is an international all-male college secret and social fraternity. Its members are known as Phi Kaps, Skulls and sometimes Skullhouse, the latter two because of the skull and crossbones on the fraternity's badge and coat of arms. Phi Kappa Sigma was founded by Dr. Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell at the University of Pennsylvania. Mitchell recorded the initial ideas and concepts of Phi Kappa Sigma on August 16, 1850. He then began to discuss the idea with other students, first Charles Hare Hutchinson, and then Alfred Victor du Pont (son of Alfred V. du Pont), John Thorne Stone, Andrew Adams Ripka, James Bayard Hodge, and Duane Williams. The seven men formally founded the fraternity on October 19, 1850 becoming the founding fathers of Phi Kappa Sigma Phi Kappa Sigma was a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference, and is headquartered in Chester Springs, Pennsylvania.
Objects of Phi Kappa Sigma
The objects of the Fraternity shall be the promotion of good fellowship and the cultivation of the social virtues among its members; the protection of the just rights and the advancement of the best interests, present and future, individual and collective, of all those who shall be associated together as members of the Fraternity; the encouragement of good scholarship and breadth of training for its members; and cooperation in the educational and cultural programs of institutions of higher education in which Chapters are located.
The fraternity's badge was designed by its founder, Dr. Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell. Outside of changes in size, its official design has remained the same. In the shape of a Maltese cross, the badge is old gold with black decoration. The center of the cross is anchored by a skull and crossbones. The four leaves of the cross display, individually, the Greek letters Phi, Kappa, and Sigma, starting at the left leaf and rotating counter-clockwise. The fourth and top leaf display a six-pointed star. The back of the badge has an engraved serpent echoing the serpent from the fraternity's coat of arms.
Statement of Core Values
At the fraternity's 90th Grand Chapter (June 24, 2000 in Philadelphia) and as part of the celebration of the fraternity's 150 year anniversary, undergraduate chapter representatives composed and adopted the fraternity's "Statement of Core Values". The values of trust, honor, respect, knowledge, wisdom, responsibility, and integrity were adopted as a re-commitment to the founding values of the fraternity.
Phi Kappa Sigma has taken on multiple public mottos, each pertaining to a different aspect of the fraternity:
- "Brotherhood is more than skin deep": Brothers are chosen based on the worth of their character, not religion, race, or wealth.
- "Once a Phi Kap, always a Phi Kap": Phi Kappa Sigma is a lifelong commitment, not limited to college years.
- "Stellis Aequus Durando": Latin for “equal to the stars in endurance”, this motto honors the many tribulations Phi Kappa Sigma has survived, and its determination to overcome future challenges.
- "Men of Honor Since 1850": Phi Kappa Sigma was established in 1850 and has always enforced the idea of "Men of Honor."
- Jorge Andres, ESPN SportsCenter anchor; ESPNews former NFL play-by-play anchor; Telemundo and ESPN radio host (Beta Omega chapter, Radford University)
- Skip Bayless, sports journalist; ESPN anchor
- Derek Bok, 25th President of Harvard University; 7th Dean of Harvard Law School
- Dr. Ric Caric, political theorist; professor at Morehead State University
- Roger B. Chaffee, Navy pilot; NASA astronaut; killed during Apollo 1 training exercise. (Alpha Xi Chapter, Purdue University) 
- James A. Champy, a leading authority on business reengineering, organizational change, and corporate renewal; member of the MIT Corporation, Board of Trustees, and Board of Directors of Analog Devices, Inc
- Dan Chaon, author of Among the Missing and Await Your Reply; finalist for the National Book Award
- Curt Christianson, author of ASP.NET 3.5 Content Management System Development; ten- time Microsoft MVP international award winner
- Denny Crum, basketball head coach, University of Louisville (NCAA Champions, 1980 and 1986)
- John Curley, first editor of USA Today; former head of Gannett News
- Frederick de Cordova, producer of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson; producer and director of the Jack Benny Show and My Three Sons 
- Skip Dise, member of the 2010 US National Rowing Team
- Henry Kyd Douglas (1840–1903), General Stonewall Jackson's youngest staff member and personal aide; author of The Douglas Diary: Student Days at Franklin and Marshall College 1856-1858 (published by Franklin and Marshall College, PA, 1973); author of I Rode With Stonewall (published by his nephew, John Kyd Beckenbaugh)
- Alexis F. du Pont, Director of DuPont de Nemours (currently DuPont) 
- Pierre S. du Pont, Director of DuPont de Nemours (currently DuPont); former CEO of General Motors 
- Stanley V. Hiller, Jr., helicopter pioneer; one of the world's three principal developers of vertical flight 
- David G. Humphrey, former Superior Court of Ontario justice
- Charles L. Jarvie, President of the Dr Pepper Co.
- Alex Kogelman, Scripps-Howard spelling Bee champion
- Oleg Kozachenko, Russian philosopher and economist
- James Legg, President and CEO of Thycotic; CEO of PHD Virtual Technologies, EVP and GM Unitrends; EVP Sales at Idera Software; Vice President of NetIQ/PentaSafe
- George David Low, NASA astronaut; Orbital Sciences Corporation executive 
- Paul Lynde, comedian and actor; appeared on the game show Hollywood Squares as the "center square;" played Uncle Arthur on Bewitched
- John A. McCone, CIA Director during Cold War 
- Frank McGuire, head basketball coach at the University of South Carolina
- David Nolan, founder of the US Libertarian Party; inventor of the Nolan chart
- Lewis F. Powell, Jr., former Supreme Court Justice
- Edward Mills Purcell, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics
- Kelvin Sampson, basketball coach; current head coach of the Houston Cougars
- Bob Riley, politician; former Governor of Alabama
- James G. Roche, 20th Secretary of the Air Force
- Edgar Vargas, Mexican Olympic trial qualifier in swimming; philanthropist (Carthage College)
- Cyrus Wadia, Senior Policy Analyst, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; winner of Technology Review's "top innovators under 35" award in 2009
- Tom Wolfe, bestselling author of The Bonfire of the Vanities
- Steven Zierk, 2010 World Under 18 Chess Champion
- "Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity – History". Retrieved March 20, 2007.
- "Phi Kappa Sigma International Fraternity – Purpose and Principles". Retrieved November 4, 2007.
- "NASA Bio of Chaffee". Retrieved April 4, 2008.
- "Famous Phi Kaps, Greek 101". Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- "MIT alums to row for Team USA".
- "Phi Kappa Sigma Maltese Cross 2003" (PDF). Retrieved April 4, 2008.