Phialophora

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Phialophora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Subclass: Chaetothyriomycetidae
Order: Chaetothyriales
Family: Herpotrichiellaceae
Genus: Phialophora
Medlar (1915)[1]
Species

Phialophora is a form genus of fungus with short conidiophores, sometimes reduced to phialides; their conidia are unicellular. They may be parasites (including on humans), or saprophytic (including on apples).[3][4]

Genetic analysis of Phialophora shows that it is a paraphyletic grouping.[5]

The conidia are produced from a flask shaped phialide. Mature, spherical, to oval conidia are extruded from phialides and usually accumulate around it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medlar, E.M. (1915). "A New Fungus, Phialophora verrucosa, Pathogenic for Man". Mycologia. 7 (4): 200–203. JSTOR 3753363. doi:10.2307/3753363. 
  2. ^ Liu YL, Xi PG, He XL, Jiang ZD (2013). "Phialophora avicenniae sp. nov., a new endophytic fungus in Avicennia marina in China". Mycotaxon. 124: 31–7. doi:10.5248/124.31. 
  3. ^ McColloch, L.P. (1944). "A Study of the Apple Rot Fungus Phialophora malorum". Mycologia. 36 (6): 576–590. JSTOR 3754837. doi:10.2307/3754837. 
  4. ^ Barnett, H.L.; Hunter, B.B. (1972). Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. Burgess Publishing company, Minneapolis MN. ISBN 0-8087-0266-1. 
  5. ^ Abliz, P.; Fukushima, K.; Takizawa, K.; Nishimura, K. (2004). "Identification of pathogenic dematiaceous fungi and related taxa based on large subunit ribosomal DNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis.". FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology. 40 (1): 41–49. PMID 14734185. doi:10.1016/S0928-8244(03)00275-X. 

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