Phibsborough

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Phibsborough
Baile Phib
Suburb
St. Peter's Church
St. Peter's Church
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
City Dublin
Dáil Éireann Dublin Central
European Parliament Dublin
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Irish Grid Reference O055383

Phibsborough (/ˈfɪbzbərə/; Irish: Baile Phib),[1] also spelled Phibsboro,[2] is a mixed commercial and residential neighbourhood on the Northside of Dublin, Ireland.

The Bradogue River crosses the area in culvert, and the Royal Canal passes through its northern reaches, notably at Cross Guns Bridge. Formerly, a branch of the canal ran to the Broadstone basin, later the site of the Midland Great Western Railway Terminus and currently the headquarters of Bus Éireann. Mountjoy Prison is located in the district.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Phibsborough" comes from "Phipps" or "Phibbs." This is believed to relate to an English settler in Kilmainham, from the mid-17th century, the spelling being cited as Phippsborough in 1792.

Location[edit]

Phibsborough is located about 2 km north of the old city centre, in Dublin 7. It is bordered by Glasnevin to the north, Drumcondra to the east, Grangegorman to the west, and the King's Inns on Constitution Hill, to the south. The busy commercial centre of Phibsborough is located around the crossroads of the Phibsborough and North Circular Roads, commonly known as Doyle's Corner.[3]

Transport[edit]

Bus[edit]

Phibsborough is served by many Dublin Bus routes passing outbound to the north city suburbs: numbers 4, 9, 38, 38a, 38b, 38d, 39n, 40n, 46a, 83, 83a 120, 122 and 140. Inbound services serve the city centre.

Luas[edit]

Phibsborough and Broadstone both have stops on the Luas Green Line located along the former Midland & Great Western Railway line. The Phibsboro stop is located at the railway cutting between the North Circular Road and the Cabra Road. It has lateral platforms. Access to the platform level is from both the North Circular and Cabra Roads via stairs and lifts from the new deck levels abutting the existing road overbridges. The Broadstone stop is located at Prebend Street and the Western Way. The Phibsboro stop serves the residential communities and facilitates interchange with bus services on the North Circular and Cabra Roads. The Broadstone stop serves the Mountjoy area and the newly built Dublin Institute of Technology campus located at Grangegorman.[4]

The Luas Cross City project has joined the Luas Red and Green lines with a line from Broombridge in North Dublin (interchange with Irish Rail station) and St.Stephen's Green Green Line stop. Services began in December 2017.[5]

Amenities[edit]

The Royal Canal passes along the northern boundary, separating Phibsborough from Glasnevin. Below the fifth lock, east of Crossguns Bridge, the Broadstone Harbour city markets-bound main branch of the canal ran south, to the now paved over harbour. The filled-in former main line is now covered by a linear park and the adjacent road is called the Royal Canal Bank. It consists of a variety of multi-period homes some dating from the 1750s. The canal's current main line runs south-east to Spencer Dock at the North Wall. The parkway passes Mountjoy Gaol, under Blacqueire Bridge, along the high banked eastern side of the Phibsborough Road. Originally the Foster Aqueduct carried the main line canal over the Phibsborough Road to the harbor terminus which sat directly opposite the Kings Inns at Constitution Hill.[6]

Blessington Street Basin formerly used to supply water to the city, and to Jameson and Powers distilleries, is located adjacent to the Royal Canal Bank road, it was supplied with water piped along the canal and was within a public park since its opening; it remains a haven for wildlife.

Dalymount Park, home of League of Ireland team Bohemian F.C., was the pre-Aviva Stadium venue for international association football and the renowned 'Dalymount Roar' was created here.[7] The National Botanic Gardens are situated in nearby Glasnevin.

A major teaching hospital, the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, is both a local and national care centre. Adjacent are the Mater Private Hospital, and Temple Street Children's Hospital.

Religion[edit]

Phibsborough is a parish in the Fingal South West deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin, served by the Church of St Peter.

History[edit]

Memorial to the Irish Volunteers, 'C' Coy., by Leo Broe, at junction of North Circular Road and Royal Canal Bank, a former spur of the Royal Canal

The etymology of the name Phibsborough (Broadstone) 1792 [spelled Phippsborough] is from a Lincolnshire family who settled as landowners in the area in the mid-17th century, the first being a Richard Phipps (of Kilmainham), who d. 1629, and was bur. at S. James's. [Pedigree of Phipps or Phibbs family, - Sligo, 1890.][citation needed]

The original Irish language name, Glas Mochonóg, means Monck's Green, which evolved to the variants Manogue and Minogue, and anglicised as Monck. This family held the local demesne at Grangegorman following inter-marriage with the Stanley family, becoming Stanley Monck. The Green served as play field and parade ground was bisected by the main north road which ran from the foot of the Old Bridge of Dublin. Lying low between the stepping stone crossing of the Bradogue river (which now flows underground) ia a common called the Glasminogue. Between the Broadstone and the village of Baile Phib at Monck Place, it often flooded and turned into a quagmire. This area was part of the Grangegorman estate.

The Broadstone area underwent significant urban development in the early nineteenth century in order to fulfill the commercial and residential needs of the Royal Canal Company headquarters and Harbour Terminus operation. The later onset of John S. Mulvaney's Midland Great Western Railway and the railway engineering works brought further development to North Circular Road intersection and east to Blessington Street. The natural expansion of the city saw the development move north with residential housing reaching Phibsborough, and Glasnevin, and the Phoenix Park to the northwest.

A freestanding Church of Ireland church was built in 1828, comprising a four-bay nave, two-bay chancel to east added 1856, single-bay baptistry to west elevation, and porch to south elevation added 1887, four-bay full-height north aisle added 1887, with entrance porch.

St. Peter's Catholic Church and schools date from 1862. The construction of the church was controversial, resulting in a long and costly lawsuit. This dispute between the architect and builder ended in the courts and required the intervention of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin.[8] All Saints Church of Ireland Parish Church, Phibsborough Road, was completed in 1904. The renowned Tractarian, Dr Maturin, was rector for many years, establishing a High Church tradition of worship. The beautiful interior has been restored in recent years, having suffered fire damage in 1968.

The Dublin Metropolitan Police on duty with a policeman about to check an approaching car in 1905 in Phibsborough

At the time of the Easter Rising, the de Valera family home was at 34, Munster Street.[9] Phibsborough has a number of memorials including one to Sean Healy, a 15-year-old member of the Fianna.[10] Healy was one of two Phibsborough Road residents killed during the Easter Rising, the other being James Kelly (18).[11] Local participants in the War of Independence include Harry Boland who was born in Phibsborough and grew up there.[12] His friend Dick McKee was born at Phibsborough Road. One of The Forgotten Ten, Bernard Ryan, lived here until his execution in Mountjoy Jail. The sculpture by Leo Broe at Royal Canal Bank was commissioned in memory of the local contingent of Irish Volunteers.

Broadstone Station was closed in 1937. These buildings constituted the Dublin Terminus, headquarters, and railworks of the Midland Great Western Railway and the Royal Canal Company. They now serve as the administrative centre and district bus garage for Bus Éireann[13] and Dublin Bus. The impressive nineteenth-century main building, fronted by a classical Egyptian-style facade, and a Corinthian columnar service access is currently an eyesore. It awaits redevelopment as part of a planned regeneration of the area.

During his early years, author James Joyce and his family lived at No. 7, St. Peter's Road.[14]

Glasmanogue was the name of a former common along the Phibsborough Road, north of the culverted Bradogue River.[16]

Development[edit]

Since the post-war expansion of Dublin city, Phibsborough along with Glasnevin and Drumcondra provided amenities to the north city business district in the way that Ranelagh, Rathmines and Harold's Cross did to the south city. The convenient location, combined with easy access and good public transport facilities, led to the conversion of larger homes into bedsitter flats. The pace of economic advancement during the Celtic Tiger decade saw an increased demand for new flats and townhouse projects. This housing wave provided an opportunity for the re-conversion of the historic properties back to family homes. Much the same has occurred on the city south side. In addition, many existing semi-derelict properties and architectural curiosities were converted into modern apartments within their historic shells. Many Victorian and Edwardian facades were restored. The restored terraces of pink, biscuit and red-brick houses complement the converted historic churches, banks and offices. There are a number of Victorian era pubs in the area.

The Dublin City Council Local Area Plan[17] for Phibsborough has been subject to revision and delays, despite its designation as a Prime Urban Centre.[18]

Developers have secured planning permission to upgrade the existing Phibsboro Shopping Centre. Built in 1969,[19] the shopping centre is one of the largest and most imposing buildings in the area. It was a cause of controversy from the outset among architects, the public, and the press in terms of its architectural design and the circumstances of its passage through the planning process. It was the subject of Forgotten Frontier: A Critical Appraisal of the Phibsboro Shopping Centre,[20] published by Phibsboro Press in 2017, a zine featuring photographs, a research essay, and illustrations.[21]

With a claim to being the longest established football club in the city, the home ground of Bohemian FC[22] is located to the west side of the shopping centre at Dalymount Park. The club is colloquially known as 'Bohs' and dates from 1890. In 2016, it was reported that Dublin City Council had announced long awaited development plans for Dalymount Park to dramatically improve the stadium facilities and widen its use and accessibility.[23]

The government announced plans to close the inadequate facilities at Mountjoy Gaol and transfer the operations to Thornhill, a new prison in Fingal County.

Music, arts, and media[edit]

The first Phibsborough community arts festival, Phizzfest, took place from 9 to 12 September 2010.[24] Writers who took part included Anne Enright and Dermot Bolger.

Two of the city's early 20th-century suburban cinemas were located relatively close to one another in Phibsborough. The Bohemian Picture Theatre (aka Palace) was a purpose built theatre that operated from 1914 until 1974 at 154/5 Phibsborough Road. The building was demolished in the 1990s. At 376 North Circular Road (then 36 Madras Place), the Phibsborough Picture House also opened in May 1914. It underwent several enlargements of its screen and auditorium to increase capacity and access distribution, until a major re-fit and re-launch as the State cinema in 1953 meant the new building became one of the world's first cinemas specifically designed to show CinemaScope films.[25] The building was used for other purposes afterwards, eventually housing a discount carpet showroom in its largest section, which led to changes to the interior, although the exterior remains largely unchanged.[26]

The streets around the crossroads where the North Circular and Phibsborough roads intersect are the subject of important social history photographs within the Lawrence and Eason collections held at the National Photographic Archive (part of the National Library of Ireland) that have been digitised and made accessible as high resolution scans online.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phibsborough Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 5 January 2012.
  2. ^ http://dublincity.ie/main-menu-services-recreation-culture-dublin-city-public-libraries-and-archive-locations-hours-21
  3. ^ Gifford, Don; Seidman, Robert J. (1989). Ulysses annotated: notes for James Joyce's Ulysses (Edition: 2, illustrated, revised, annotated ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06745-5. 
  4. ^ http://www.luascrosscity.ie/whats-the-plan/stops/phibsborough
  5. ^ "Green light given to Luas link-up, first passengers 2017". RTÉ. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Broadstone Line of the Royal Canal". Irish waterways history. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  7. ^ "Phibsborough Village Centre (Proposed Development)" (PDF). Dublin City Council. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2009. 
  8. ^ "1902 - St. Peters' Church, Phibsborough, Dublin". Archiseek.com. 
  9. ^ Connell, Joseph E. A. (2006). Where's where in Dublin. Dublin: Dublin City Council. p. 89. 
  10. ^ Sean Healy Commemorative plaque
  11. ^ "Weekly Irish Times, Sinn Fein Rebellion Handbook, 1917 (extract)" (PDF). National Library of Ireland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  12. ^ Fitzpatrick, David. Harry Boland's Irish Revolution. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-1-85918-386-1. 
  13. ^ Revealing Broadstone Station to public view
  14. ^ "James Joyce From Dublin to Ithaca". Cornell University Library. 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  15. ^ Joyce, James (2007). Ulysses. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-4346-0387-6. 
  16. ^ Map of Dublin 1798
  17. ^ Local Area Plan
  18. ^ "Phibsborough / Mountjoy Local Area Plan | Dublin City Council". www.dublincity.ie. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ Forgotten Frontier: A Critical Appraisal of the Phibsboro Shopping Centre
  21. ^ Murray, Cormac; et al. (2017). Forgotten Frontier: A Critical Appraisal of the Phibsboro Shopping Centre. Dublin: Phibsboro Press. 
  22. ^ Bohemian FC
  23. ^ "Dublin City Council unveil plan for redeveloped Dalymount". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  24. ^ "Welcome to Phizzfest!!". Phibsborough Community Arts Festival. 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 
  25. ^ Kevin., Rockett, (2011). Film exhibition and distribution in Ireland, 1909-2010. Rockett, Emer. Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 9781846823169. OCLC 744284374. 
  26. ^ 1948-, Keenan, Jim, (2005). Dublin cinemas : a pictorial selection. Dublin: Picture House Publications. ISBN 0955068304. OCLC 61666985. 
  27. ^ "Irish Writers - Iris Murdoch". Kennys.ie. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°21.64′N 6°16.36′W / 53.36067°N 6.27267°W / 53.36067; -6.27267