Phil Matson circa 1923
|Full name||Phillip Henry Matson|
|Date of birth||22 October 1884|
|Place of birth||Port Adelaide, South Australia|
|Date of death||13 June 1928(aged 43)|
|Place of death||Perth, Western Australia|
|Height||179 cm (5 ft 10 in)|
|1904||West Perth||1 (0)|
|1918–23||East Perth||35 (35)|
|Representative team honours|
|1908, 1911, 1914||Western Australia||10|
|1918–24, 1926–28||East Perth|
|1923, 1926–27||Western Australia|
1 Playing statistics correct to the end of 1923.
2 State and international statistics correct as of 1914.
3 Coaching statistics correct as of 1928.
Philip Henry Matson (22 October 1884 at Port Adelaide – 13 June 1928 at Perth) was a highly successful player and coach of Australian rules football in the early 20th century, chiefly in Western Australia.
Early sporting life
The son of George Matson and his wife Emma (née Duffield), Matson was educated at state school in Adelaide before moving to Western Australia as a youth. There, he worked as a navvies' water-boy and began swimming competitively in 1902 and playing Australian football. During his swimming career, he held Western Australian freestyle titles from 100 yards (91 m) to a mile (1.6 km) using the now-obsolete trudgen stroke. He won the 220-yard breaststroke at the Australasian championships in the three years between 1905 and 1907, and eventually set a world record time for the event of three minutes and fourteen seconds. However, playing professional football at the same time precluded him from considering the Olympic Games, so he turned professional for a £20 stake in 1909. Matson married his cousin Gertrude Ethel Jean Pope in 1907 at Boulder, Western Australia, but they later separated.
Footballing gun for hire
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Matson supported himself playing football during an era when the game was supposedly an amateur sport. He was a "gun for hire", and moved clubs frequently, playing outside the main leagues if the price was right. Thus, he played for South Bunbury in 1904–05, Boulder City in 1906–08, Sturt (in Adelaide) in 1909–10, North Fremantle in 1911, Subiaco in 1912–17 and East Perth in 1918–23. A fast, vigorous and versatile utility with an ability to take the big mark (despite being only 179 cm), he played at half-back and half-forward and took turns in the ruck. He played for both South Australia (1909–10) and Western Australia (1908, 1911, 1914) and captained the Sandgropers at the 1914 interstate carnival.
Away from football, Matson's working was varied and somewhat inconsistent. He had stints as a miner, a tramway motorman, a farmer, a navvy on the trans-Australian railway, a lumper, a storeman and a 'Spot-Lager' retailer. Early in his career, he was a teetotaller but eventually became a "social" drinker and was well known for his gambling habit. His unconventional approach to life caused problems within his family, who were sometimes compelled to live in a tent. Matson offered to enlist during World War I; however, when rejected he opted to live as a licensed Swan River fisherman and involve himself more heavily in gambling. He operated two-up schools at Subiaco and Pelican Point, SP books in some city hotels, and later an illegal gaming house in Perth. For a number of years, he held a trotting bookmaker's licence.
Aged 33, Matson found his calling when he was appointed as coach of East Perth Football Club in 1918. Matson worked on the players' confidence and garnered their respect with a methodical approach to his coaching. He was lauded for his ability to outwit opponents and exploit weaknesses. Matson's dominant personality helped recruit some excellent players and a dynasty was rapidly built. In nine seasons between 1919 and 1927, East Perth won seven premierships and dominated Western Australian football. In total, he played in twelve premiership teams and, in the last ten years of his career, coached teams into nine finals. He was an essential part of the state team, as a selector for the successful 1921 Western Australian interstate carnival team, and as the coach of the 1924 and 1927 teams that lost narrowly to Victoria. Controversially, he openly criticised Victorian officials in 1924 for encouraging violence against his team. This outburst came back to haunt him.
In 1925, Matson accepted an offer to coach Castlemaine, in the Victorian goldfields. Impressed with his effort in lifting the team into the Grand Final, Richmond officials approached Matson with an offer to succeed Dan Minogue as the Tigers' coach for 1926. Matson accepted and relocated to Melbourne. However, the Victorian Football League (VFL) refused Matson a permit to take up the job, which incensed both the club and prospective coach. It was variously suggested that the VFL officials had not forgotten Matson's outburst two years earlier or that they disapproved of his unconventional lifestyle. Whatever the reason, Matson quickly headed back to Perth in time for the football season and was re-appointed to coach East Perth. He took them to successive premierships. Matson had revenge on the VFL officials by inspiring Western Australia to two "spiteful, vicious, brutal" victories over Victoria in 1926.
Early death and legacy
He was important in the process of making Australian football professional by openly negotiating fees that made him the highest paid Western Australian player and coach of the time. He died in 1928 in a truck accident in Perth. He was survived by his wife, their two sons and his de facto wife Kate Thompson, née Owens.
Inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame in 2004, Matson's citation reads:
- Phil Matson, who is revered in Western Australia as one of that state's greatest ever coaches in much the same way Collingwood's Jock McHale is revered in Victoria.
In 1979 he was honoured with the bronze tablet for 1926, set into the footpath along St Georges Terrace, Perth as part of the WAY '79 sesquicentennial (150th anniversary) celebrations of the colonisation of Western Australia by Europeans.
In 2004 he was an inaugural inductee into the WAFL Hall of Fame.
- M. Glossop (ed), East Perth 1906–1976 (Perth, 1976)
- C. T. Stannage (ed), A New History of Western Australia (Perth, 1981)
- Western Mail (Perth), 14, 21 June 1928
- Football 150 (Perth, 1979)
- Westralian Worker, 28 May 1915
- Express and Telegraph (Adelaide), 31 August 1922
- Mirror (Perth), 28 April 1923, 16 June 1928
- West Australian, 12, 13, 14 June 1928
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