Silvers as Sgt. Bilko
|Birth name||Philip Silver|
|Born||May 11, 1911|
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 1, 1985 (aged 74)|
Century City, California, U.S.
(m. 1945; div. 1950)
(m. 1956; div. 1966)
|Notable works and roles||The Phil Silvers Show|
Phil Silvers (May 11, 1911 – November 1, 1985) was an American entertainer and comedic actor, known as "The King of Chutzpah". His career as a professional entertainer spanned nearly sixty years. Silvers achieved major popularity when he starred in The Phil Silvers Show, a 1950s sitcom set on a U.S. Army post in which he played Master Sergeant Ernest (Ernie) Bilko. He also starred in the films It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963), and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1967). He is a winner of two Primetime Emmy Awards for his work on The Phil Silvers Show and two Tony Awards for his performances in Top Banana and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.
Born Philip Silver or Philip Silversmith on May 11, 1911, in Brooklyn, New York, in the working-class Brownsville section, he was the eighth and youngest child of Russian Jewish immigrants, Saul and Sarah (née Handler) Silver. His siblings were Lillian, Harry, Jack, Saul, Pearl, Michael, and Reuben Silver. His father, a sheet metal worker, helped build the early New York skyscrapers.
Silvers began entertaining at the age of 11, when he would sing in theaters when the film projector broke (a common occurrence in those days), to the point where he was allowed to keep attending the same movie theater free of charge, to sing through any future breakdowns. By age 13, he was working as a singer in the Gus Edwards Revue. Subsequently, he worked in vaudeville and as a burlesque comic.
Silvers next worked in short films for the Vitaphone studio, such as Ups and Downs (1937), and on Broadway, where he made his début in the short-lived show Yokel Boy in 1939. Critics raved about Silvers, who was hailed as the bright spot in the mediocre play. The Broadway revue High Kickers (1941) was based on his concept.
He made his feature film début in Hit Parade of 1941 in 1940 (his previous appearance as a 'pitch man' in Strike Up the Band was cut). Over the next two decades, he worked as a character actor for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Columbia, and 20th Century Fox, in such films as All Through the Night (1942) with Humphrey Bogart. Around the same time, he played a scene with W. C. Fields in Tales of Manhattan (also 1942) which was cut from the original release, but restored decades later in home video issues. Silvers also appeared in Lady Be Good (1941), Coney Island (1943), Cover Girl (1944), with Gene Kelly and Rita Hayworth, and Summer Stock (1950). When the studio system began to decline, he returned to the stage.
Silvers wrote the lyrics for Frank Sinatra's "Nancy (With the Laughing Face)". Although he was not a songwriter, he wrote the lyrics while visiting composer Jimmy Van Heusen. The two composed the song for Van Heusen's writing partner Johnny Burke, for his wife Bessie's birthday. Substituting Sinatra's little daughter's name Nancy at her birthday party, the trio pressed the singer to record it himself. The song became a popular hit in 1945 and was a staple in Sinatra's live performances. Towards the end of the Second World War, Silvers entertained the troops during several successful overseas USO tours with Sinatra.
The Phil Silvers Show
Silvers became a household name in 1955 when he starred as Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko in You'll Never Get Rich, later retitled The Phil Silvers Show. The military comedy became a television hit, with the opportunistic Bilko fast-talking his way through one obstacle after another. In 1958, CBS switched the show to be telecast on Friday nights and moved the setting to Camp Fremont in California. A year later, the show was off the schedule. In the 1963–1964 television season, he appeared as Harry Grafton, a factory foreman interested in get-rich-quick schemes, much like the previous Bilko character, in CBS's 30-episode The New Phil Silvers Show, with co-stars Stafford Repp, Herbie Faye, Buddy Lester, Elena Verdugo as his sister, Audrey, and her children, played by Ronnie Dapo and Sandy Descher.
Throughout the 1960s, he appeared in films such as It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) and 40 Pounds of Trouble (1963). According to the documentary on the DVD of It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Silvers was not a traditional comedian: he was a comic actor. Silvers never did stand-up, and, out of character, he was not known for cracking jokes.
He was featured in Marilyn Monroe's last film, the unfinished Something's Got to Give (1962). In 1967, he starred as a guest in one of the British Carry On films, Follow That Camel, a Foreign Legion parody in which he played a variation of the Sergeant Bilko character, Sergeant Nocker. Producer Peter Rogers employed him to ensure the Carry On films' success in America, though Silvers' presence did not ensure the film's success on either side of the Atlantic. His salary was £30,000, the largest Carry On salary ever, only later met by the appearance of Elke Sommer in Carry On Behind.
Silvers scored a major triumph in Top Banana, a Broadway show of 1952. Silvers played Jerry Biffle, the egocentric, always-busy star of a major television show. (The character is said to have been based on Milton Berle.) Silvers dominated the show and won a Tony Award for his performance. He repeated the role in the 1954 film version which was initially released in 3-D. Silvers returned to Broadway in the musical Do Re Mi in December 1960, receiving a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical. Stanley Green wrote, "It was particularly blessed by offering two outstanding clowns in Phil Silvers as the pushiest of patsies and Nancy Walker." Silvers was offered the leading role of conniving Roman slave Pseudolus in the Broadway musical comedy A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. Silvers declined, and the role went instead to Zero Mostel, who was so successful in the role that he repeated the role in the 1966 film version. By this time, Silvers realized his error and agreed to appear in the film as a secondary character, flesh merchant Marcus Lycus. When actor-producer Larry Blyden mounted a Broadway revival of Forum in 1972, he wanted Phil Silvers to play the lead, and this time Silvers agreed. The revival was a hit and Silvers became the first leading actor ever to win a Tony Award in a revival of a musical.
Later in his career, Silver guest starred on The Beverly Hillbillies, and various TV variety shows such as The Carol Burnett Show, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and The Dean Martin Show. He appeared as curmudgeonly Hollywood producer Harold Hecuba in the classic 1966 episode "The Producer" on Gilligan's Island, where he and the castaways performed a musical version of Hamlet. (Silvers' production company Gladasya – named after his catchphrase "Gladdaseeya!" – financed the show.) He continued to make guest appearances in television sitcoms including, The Love Boat, Fantasy Island, Happy Days, and his final screen credit CHiPs in 1983. He also starred in various television specials and talk shows such as The Bob Hope Show, The Jackie Gleason Show, The Merv Griffin Show, The Dick Cavett Show, The David Frost Show, The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson and The Mike Douglas Show. In 1980, Silvers participated in The Friar's Club Tribute to Milton Berle alongside Don Rickles, Dick Shawn, Walter Matthau, Jack Lemmon, George Burns, Karl Malden, and Robert Culp.
Phil Silvers was married twice, to Jo-Carroll Dennison, and to Evelyn Patrick. Both of his marriages ended in divorce. He had five daughters — Candace, Cathy, Laury, Nancey, and Tracey  — all by his second wife, Evelyn Patrick.
Like his alter-ego Ernie Bilko, Silvers was a compulsive gambler, and also suffered from chronic depression. He suffered a nervous breakdown in 1962 while performing in Spain. While staying in Reno, Nevada, in the 1950s, he would often gamble all night. On one occasion, at the tiny Cal-Neva Lodge in nearby Lake Tahoe, Nevada, Silvers spent an entire night playing craps until he lost all his money and then went through $1,000 in credit. A taxi was called to return him to Reno. It was "[o]ne of the worst nights of my life", Silvers told the driver, adding, "Don't wait for any lights and don't wait for any tip . . . I left it at the Cal-Neva!"
His memoir is titled This Laugh Is On Me.
Illness and death
Silvers suffered a stroke during the run of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum in August 1972. He was left with slurred speech. Despite his poor health, he continued working, playing Harry Starman in the 1974 "Horror in the Heights" episode of Kolchak: The Night Stalker starring Darren McGavin. His guest appearances continued into the early 1980s, including co-starring in The Chicken Chronicles (1977), an appearance on Fantasy Island as an old comic trying to reunite with his old partner, and on Happy Days as the father of Jenny Piccolo (played by his real daughter Cathy). Silvers played the cab driver Hoppy in Neil Simon's send-up of hard-boiled detective films, The Cheap Detective (1978), which starred Peter Falk. In his cab, Silvers can be heard (three words) and seen turning his head towards the camera and breaking into a smile (1/4 fps) at the movie's ending immediately prior to Falk entering "Hoppy's" cab. His final appearance was in an episode of CHiPs (entitled "Hot Date") in 1983.
On November 1, 1985, Silvers died in his sleep in Century City, California. According to his family, Silvers died of natural causes. He was interred at Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.
In 2003, The Phil Silvers Show was voted Best Sitcom in the Radio Times Guide to TV Comedy. In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, Silvers was voted #42 on the list of the top 50 comedy acts ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders. Dick Van Dyke, who made his TV debut on Bilko, says he "was always fascinated with Phil's sense of timing. Incredible."
Voice actor Daws Butler employed an impression of Silvers as the voice of the Hanna-Barbera cartoon character Hokey Wolf and also used the same voice in numerous cartoons for Jay Ward. The premise of The Phil Silvers Show was the basis for the Hanna-Barbera cartoon Top Cat, for which Arnold Stang moderately imitated Silvers' voice for the title character. The 1993 cartoon series The Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog featured a character called Wes Weasley, who had a very similar appearance and voice to Silvers.
Sgt Bilko's Vintage Emporium and The Phil Silvers Archival Museum houses personal and commercial memorabilia collected by Silvers' correspondent Steve Everitt. Opened in 2015 it is located in Fargo Village, Coventry, United Kingdom.
|1939||Yokel Boy||"Punko" Parks||Majestic Theatre, Broadway|||
|1947||High Button Shoes||Harrison Floy||Broadway Theatre, Broadway|
|1951||Top Banana||Jerry Biffle||Winter Garden Theatre, Broadway|
|1960||Do Re Mi||Hubert CRam||54th Street Theatre, Broadway
U.S. National Tour
|1971||How the Other Half Loves||Frank Foster||Royale Theatre, Broadway|
|1972||A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum||Pseudolus/Prologus||Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, Broadway|
Source: Turner Classic Movies
|1937||Ups and Downs||Charlie|
|1940||Strike Up the Band||Pitch Man||scenes deleted|
|1940||Hit Parade of 1941||Charlie Moore|
|1941||The Wild Man of Borneo||Murdock|
|1941||Tom, Dick and Harry||Ice Cream Vendor|
|1941||Lady Be Good||Master of Ceremonies|
|1941||You're in the Army Now||Breezy Jones|
|1942||My Gal Sal||Wiley|
|1942||All Through the Night||Waiter|
|1942||Tales of Manhattan||1st Salesman at Santelli's||uncredited; scenes deleted|
|1942||Just Off Broadway||Roy Higgins|
|1943||A Lady Takes a Chance||Smiley Lambert|
|1944||Four Jills in a Jeep||Eddie|
|1944||Take It or Leave It||Phil Silvers|
|1944||Something for the Boys||Harry Hart|
|1945||Diamond Horseshoe||Blinkie Miller|
|1945||Don Juan Quilligan||'Mac' MacDenny|
|1945||A Thousand and One Nights||Abdullah|
|1946||If I'm Lucky||Wallingham M. 'Wally' Jones|
|1950||Summer Stock||Herb Blake|
|1954||Top Banana||Jerry Biffle|
|1954||Lucky Me||Hap Schneider|
|1962||Something's Got to Give||Insurance Salesman||incomplete|
|1962||40 Pounds of Trouble||Bernie Friedman|
|1963||It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World||Otto Meyer|
|1966||A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum||Marcus Lycus|
|1967||A Guide for the Married Man||Technical Advisor (Realtor)|
|1967||Follow That Camel||Sergeant Nocker|
|1968||Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell||Phil Newman|
|1970||The Boatniks||Harry Simmons|
|1975||The Strongest Man in the World||Kirwood Krinkle|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||Murray Fromberg|
|1977||The Chicken Chronicles||Max Ober|
|1977||The Night They Took Miss Beautiful||Marv Barker|
|1978||The Cheap Detective||Hoppy|
|1980||The Happy Hooker Goes Hollywood||William B. Warkoff|
|1980||There Goes the Bride||Psychiatrist|
|1948||The Phil Silvers Arrow Show||Host-Performer||3 episodes|
|1955-59||The Phil Silvers Show||MSgt. Ernest G. 'Ernie' Bilko||143 episodes|
|1959||Keep in Step||Himself/Sgt. Ernest G. Bilko||Television movie|
|1959||The Ballad of Louie the Louse||Louie||Television movie|
|1960||The Slowest Gun in the West||Fletcher Bissell III
The Silver Dollar Kid
|1962||The Jack Benny Program||Himself||Episode: The Phil Silvers Show|
|1963||Judy and Her Guests, Phil Silvers and Robert Goulet||Himself||Television special|
|1963-64||The New Phil Silvers Show||Harry Grafton||30 episodes|
|1966||Gilligan's Island||Harold Hecuba||Episode: The Producer|
|1966||The Lucy Show||Oliver Kasten||Episode: Lucy and the Efficiency Expert|
|1966||At Your Service||Performer||unsold pilot|
|1967||Damn Yankees||Mr. Applegate||Television movie|
|1967-70||The Beverly Hillbillies||Shifty Shafer aka Honest John||6 episodes|
|1970||Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In||Guest Performer||Episode: #4.13|
|1971||Eddie||Eddie Skinner||unsold pilot|
|1971||Julia||Capt. Biestoff||Episode: Swing Low, Sweet Charity|
|1972||The Dean Martin Show||Performer||Episode: #7.24|
|1974||Kolchak: The Night Stalker||Harry||Episode: Horror in the Heights|
|1975||Get Christy Love!||Uncle Harry||Episode: A Few Excess Love|
|1975||S.W.A.T.||Russ Baker||2 episodes|
|1975||The Carol Burnett Show||Self||Episode: #8.23|
|1976||Bob Hope in Joys||Self||Television special|
|1977||The Night They Took Miss Beautiful||Marv Barker||Television movie|
|1977||Charlie's Angels||Max Brown||Episode: Angels on Ice|
|1977||The Love Boat||Stubby/Morris Beckman||2 episodes|
|1978||Fantasy Island||Charlie Parks||Episode: Carnival/The Vaudevillians|
|1979||Goldie and the Boxer||Wally||Television movie|
|1980||Take Me Up to the Ball Game||Irwin||Voice; Television movie|
|1981||Happy Days||Roscoe Piccalo||Episode: Just a Piccalo|
|1982||CHiPs||Herman Hinton||Episode: Hot Date|
Awards and nominations
|1956||Primetime Emmy Awards||Best Comedian||Phil Silvers||Won|
|Best Actor in a Continuing Performance||The Phil Silvers Show||Won|
|1957||Best Continuing Actor in a Comedy Series||Nominated|
|1952||Tony Awards||Best Actor in a Musical||Top Banana||Won|
|1961||Do Re Mi||Nominated|
|1972||A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum||Won|
- In 2000, Silvers received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- Silvers, Phil; Saffron, Robert (1973). This Laugh Is on Me: The Phil Silvers Story. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. p. 15. ISBN 0-13-919100-3.
- "Phil Silvers | Biography, Credits, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica.
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- "Phil Silvers". masterworksbroadway.com. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Monush, Barry (2003). "Phil Silvers". Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 681. ISBN 1-55783-551-9.
- Bordman, Gerald and Norton, Richard (2010). "Yokel Boy". American Musical Theatre: A Chronicle. Oxford University Press. p. 575. ISBN 0-19-972970-0.
- Suskin, Steven (2011). The Sound of Broadway Music. Oxford University Press. p. 123. ISBN 0-19-979084-1.
- Crowther, Bosley."Movie Review: 'Hit Parade of 1941' at Loew's Criterion" The New York Times, December 5, 1940
- "Phil Silvers Filmography". Fandango.com. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Frank Sintra : The Complete Guide. Google eBook. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Andrews, Maxene; Gilbert, Bill (1993). Over Here, Over There: The Andrews Sisters and the USO Stars in World War II. Thorndike Press. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-7862-0094-8.
- Gomery, Douglas. "Phil Silvers". museum.tv. The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Newcomb, Horace (2004). "Phil Silvers Show". Encyclopedia of Television, Volume 1 (2nd ed.). CRC Press. p. 1758. ISBN 1-57958-411-X.
- "It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World". TCM.com. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Crowther, Bosley (January 24, 1963). "Movie Review: '40 Pounds of Trouble'". The New York Times.
- Something's Got to Give on IMDb
- Munden, Kenneth White (1971). "Follow That Camel". The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures. University of California Press. p. 360. ISBN 0-520-20970-2.
- Childs, Peter; Storry, Mike (1999). "Carry On films". Encyclopedia of Contemporary British Culture]. Taylor & Francis. p. 83. ISBN 0-415-14726-3.
- Green, Stanley; Green, Kay (1996). "Do Re Mi". Broadway Musicals, Show By Show (5th ed.). Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 194. ISBN 0-7935-7750-0.
- Green, Stanley; Green, Kay (1996). "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum". Broadway Musicals, Show by Show. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 198. ISBN 0-7935-7750-0.
- Gilligan's Island: "The Producer" on IMDb
- Cantor, Paul A. (2003). "The Courage of the Fearless Crew". Gilligan Unbound: Pop Culture in the Age of Globalization. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 19. ISBN 0-7425-0779-3.
- "Milton Berle Roast". classicfriarroasts.com. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Phil Silvers: Biography", TVGuide.com
- Maslon, Lawrence and Kantor, Michael."Phil Silvers"Make 'em Laugh: The Funny Business of America (2008), Hachette Digital, Inc., ISBN 0-446-50531-5
- Moe, Albert Woods. Nevada's Golden Age of Gambling, Puget Sound Books, (2001), ISBN 0-9715019-0-4.
- "Phil Silver's Illness Threatens 'Forum' Run", ("Mr. Silvers has been out of the cast since he was stricken a week ago and hospitalized".) The New York Times, August 8, 1972, p. 21
- "Phil Silvers Rough Road Back" The Prescott Courier, August 25, 1977
- Brant, Marley."Jennie Piccolo"Happier Days: Paramount Television's Classic Sitcoms 1974-1984 (2006), Random House Digital, Inc., ISBN 0-8230-8933-9, p. 59
- "Phil Silvers". IMDb.
- Kerr, Peter. "Phil Silvers, TV'S Sergeant Bilko, Dead At 73", The New York Times, November 2, 1985, p. 32
- Farah, Judy. "Kings of Comedy Mourn Funnyman Phil Silvers", The Associated Press, November 4, 1985.
- TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. pp. 596. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1.
- Best Sitcom news.bbc.co.uk
- "Hokey Wolf". cartoonscrapbook.com. Archived from the original on 2010-12-08. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
- Weber, Bruce (December 22, 2009). "Arnold Stang, Milquetoast Actor, Dies at 91". The New York Times.
- The Official museum webpage fargovillage.co.uk, accessed 17 January 2019
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- "The Phil Silvers Arrow Show". Billboard. December 4, 1948. p. 10. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
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