|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (November 2014)|
Tippett (left) with Dennis Muren at a screening of Jurassic Park 3D in 2013.
September 27, 1951 |
Berkeley, California, U.S.
Phil Tippett (born September 27, 1951, in Berkeley, California) is an American movie director and a visual effects supervisor and producer, who specializes in creature design and character animation.
Tippett was born in Berkeley, California. When he was seven, Tippett saw Ray Harryhausen's special effects classic, The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad, and his life's direction was set. Tippett completed a bachelor's degree in art at the University of California, Irvine, and went to work at the animation studio Cascade Pictures in Los Angeles.
In 1975, while still working at Cascade Pictures, Phil Tippett and Jon Berg were hired by George Lucas at Industrial Light & Magic to create a stop-motion miniature chess scene for the first Star Wars film. When Star Wars was being released on theatres, in 1977, Tippett was approached by Joe Dante and Jon Davison to create the fish for Roger Corman's Piranha (released in 1978, although Tippett was not credited in the film). That year, 1978, Tippett headed the ILM animation department with Jon Berg for The Empire Strikes Back (released in 1980). For this film, Tippett co-developed the animation technique called go motion to animate the sinister AT-AT Imperial Walkers and the hybrid alien tauntauns. In 1981 Tippett continued using go motion for Dragonslayer, and received his first Academy Award nomination for the extraordinarily realistic dragon animation. By 1983, Tippett led the famed Lucasfilm creature shop for Return of the Jedi for which he was awarded his first Oscar in 1984.
In 1984 Tippett Studio was born when Tippett left ILM and set up a studio in his garage to create a 10-minute experimental film called Prehistoric Beast. The realism of the dinosaurs it depicted and the film's reflection of contemporary scientific theory led to the 1985 CBS animated documentary Dinosaur!. The next year, in 1986, Dinosaur! granted Tippett Studio its first award, a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Visual Effects, for the animated dinosaur sequences.
In 1986 producer Jon Davison hired Tippett to create the animated robot sequences for RoboCop. The ED-209 stop-motion model was animated by Tippett but designed by Craig Hayes (also known as Craig Davies), who also built the full size models. As one of the setpieces of the movie, the ED-209's look and animated sequences were under the close supervision of director Paul Verhoeven, who sometimes acted out the robot's movements himself. ED 209 was voiced by producer Jon Davison. This project became the start of a long and successful collaboration between Davies and Tippet.
He also modeled the Dark Overlord creatures seen in Howard the Duck.
Computer generated effects
In 1991, Tippett was hired to create the dinosaur effects for the Steven Spielberg blockbuster Jurassic Park using his go motion technique made famous in the film Dragonslayer. However, Dennis Muren and his CGI team at Industrial Light & Magic created animated test footage of a T-Rex that Spielberg loved.
When Tippett was told that Jurassic Park dinosaurs would be computer-generated, he was shocked, exclaiming "I've just become extinct" (a line Spielberg borrows and uses in the movie). Far from being extinct, Tippett evolved as stop-motion animation gave way to Computer-generated imagery or CGI, and because of Tippett's background and understanding of animal movement and behavior, Spielberg kept Tippett on to supervise the animation on 50 dinosaur shots for Jurassic Park. Tippett supervised both the Tippett Studio and ILM animators, resulting in realistic digital dinosaurs that breathe, flex, twitch and react. His effort earned him a second Oscar. Work done on Jurassic Park resulted in the development by Tippett Studio's Craig Hayes of the DID (Digital Input Device) which was pivotal in the transition from stop motion to computer generated animation in bringing creatures to life. Tippett is also the subject of a humorous internet meme regarding his credit in the film (Dinosaur Supervisor), which is displayed with the tagline "One job, Phil! You had one job!", implying that because he didn't supervise the dinosaurs properly, he was responsible for the on-screen deaths. Mashable interviewed Tippett in April 2014 about this meme, which he called "beyond silly" and "such a waste of time".
In 1995, Tippett Studio was hired to create the giant, hostile alien arachnids in Paul Verhoeven's adaptation of Robert A. Heinlein's classic science fiction novel Starship Troopers. Tippett marshaled a team of 100 animators, model makers, computer artists and technicians and expanded his all-CGI facility. Because of the intensity of his involvement, and his ability to pre-visualize the hordes of teeming arachnids, Verhoeven has credited Tippett with co-directing the large-scale battle sequences for the film. The excellence of this work resulted in Tippett's sixth nomination in 1997 for an Academy Award.
During 1997–98, Tippett supervised animation and effects for Universal's Virus and Disney's My Favorite Martian. In 1998–99 he and Craig Hayes co-supervised the visual effects on Jan De Bont's, The Haunting, for DreamWorks. Under Tippett and Hayes' lead, Tippett Studio created over 100 complex effects shots that expressed the horrific character of the house and the spirits that live there.
In 2000, Tippett joined director Ivan Reitman as the visual effects supervisor on the DreamWorks science fiction comedy, Evolution. In just under a year, Tippett Studio designed, realized and animated over 17 extraterrestrial creatures in 175 shots.
Throughout 2001 and into 2002, Tippett changed direction to focus on developing and directing his own film. Tippett achieved this with Starship Troopers 2: Hero of the Federation, by partnering with his longtime associates, writer Ed Neumeier and producer Jon Davison, with whom he worked on the original Starship Troopers and Robocop.
In 1990, Tippett began work on an independent project entitled Mad God but during the rise of his studio, the project was dropped. in 2010 though, Mad God was brought back up but Tippett did not have the budget for the film. He started a Kickstarter page to make the funds with the needed budget goal of $40,000. On June 16, 2012, the project was successfully funded after exceeding the goal and making $124,156. The first chapter has been completed as of December 2013, with parts 2, 3, and 4 underway. The website for the film is online and shows information on the project, as well as allowing purchase of part 1.
- The Crater Lake Monster (miniatures builder, uncredited, 1977)
- Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (stop-motion animation, 1977)
- Piranha (creature designer, creature animator and model construction, uncredited, 1978)
- The Empire Strikes Back (go motion animation, 1980)
- Dragonslayer (go motion animation, 1981)
- Return of the Jedi (makeup designer, 1983)
- Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (effects creative consultant, 1984)
- Prehistoric Beast (go motion, 1984)
- Dinosaur! (go motion, 1985)
- Howard the Duck (go motion supervisor: ILM visual effects unit, 1986)
- RoboCop (ED-209 go motion shots, 1987)
- Willow (two-headed dragon go motion sequence, 1988)
- RoboCop 2 (RoboCop 2 go motion sequences, 1990)
- Jurassic Park (Dinosaur supervisor, 1993)
- Coneheads (Creature animation work, 1993)
- Dragonheart (dragon designs, 1996)
- Starship Troopers (creature visual effects, 1997)
- Evolution (visual effects supervisor, 2001)
- The Spiderwick Chronicles (animation supervisor, 2008)
- The Twilight Saga: New Moon (visual effects supervisor, 2009)
- The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (visual effects supervisor, 2010)
- The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part 1 (visual effects supervisor, 2011)
- The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part 2 (visual effects supervisor, 2012)
- Jurassic World (Dinosaur Consultant, 2015)
- Star Wars: The Force Awakens (Millenium Falcon chess scene supervisor, 2015)
- Prehistoric Beast (1984, short)
- Starship Troopers 2: Hero of the Federation (2004, television film)
- MutantLand (2011, short)
- Mad God (2013, feature film)
- Tippett's biographical section in the IMDB website
- New York Times
- "Phil Tippett Biography". Retrieved October 10, 2005.
- Phil Tippett: Hands-On Effects at the Wayback Machine (archived June 6, 2008), StarWars.com
- Phil Tippett bio, in the Tippett Studio official web site
- Phil Tippett special effects filmography, IMDB
- "Outstanding Special Visual Effects". 38th Primetime Emmy Awards - September 21, 1986. Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
- Duncan, Jody (February 1991). "Clash of the Robotitans". Cinefex. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- Craig Hayes' description page in the IMDB website (section "Personal Details": Alternate Names: Craig Davies)
- 2Shay, Don and Duncan, Jody. Ballantine Books 1993 "The Making of Jurassic Park" Softcover page 53, first paragraph
- MutantLand's official public release: Friday, December 16th, 2011, on the website Ain't It Cool News