Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike

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Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike
Lancaster Avenue
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length73.33 mi[1] (118.01 km)
Route to Columbia included (10.86 mi)
Existed1792 (first used 1795)–present
LincolnHighwayMarker.svg Lincoln Highway from Columbia to Lower Merion
PA 462 from Columbia to Lancaster

PA 23 in Lancaster

US 30 from Lancaster to Sadsbury Township

US 30 Bus. from Sadsbury Township to Frazer
US 30 from Frazer to Philadelphia
SR 3012 and SR 3005 in Philadelphia
Lancaster Walk (a pedestrian walkway) in Drexel University campus between 34th and 32nd Streets
Lancaster Avenue between 32nd and Market Streets
Major junctions
West end PA 462 in Columbia
East end34th Street in Philadelphia
PA 3 (at small stub between Market Street and 32nd Street)
CountiesLancaster, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, Philadelphia
Highway system
DesignatedNovember 20, 1999[2]
Old Lancaster Road and Lancaster Avenue in Lower Merion Township

The Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike, first used in 1795, is the first long-distance paved road built in the United States, according to engineered plans and specifications.[3] It links Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia at 34th Street, stretching for sixty-two miles. However, the western terminus was actually at the Susquehanna River in Columbia.[4] The route is designated Pennsylvania Route 462 from the western terminus to US 30, where that route takes over for the majority of the route. The US 30 designation ends at Girard Avenue in the Parkside neighborhood of Philadelphia, where State Route 3012 takes it from there to Belmont Avenue. At Belmont Avenue, State Route 3005 gets the designation from Belmont Avenue until the current terminus at 34th Street. Historically, Lancaster Pike terminated at Market Street before Drexel University took over the stretch between 32nd and 34th Streets.[5]

Share of the "Company of the Lancaster and Turnpike Road", issued 16. March 1795

It was the first turnpike of importance, and because the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania could not afford to pay for its construction, it was privately built by the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Road Company, making it an early example of a public-private partnership for American infrastructure[6].[7] Credited as the country's first engineered road, its ground was broken in 1792.[8] By the 1840s, the use of railroads and canals dealt a serious blow to the companies who specialized in the manufacture of wagons and coaches. During the next fifty years, the road suffered from lack of use and maintenance, but later saw recovery with the invention of the automobile.

In 1876, the parallel Pennsylvania Railroad bought the turnpike from 52nd Street in Philadelphia west to Paoli for $20,000 (equal to $480,188 today) to prevent competing streetcar companies from building along it. In 1913, the turnpike became part of the transcontinental Lincoln Highway, and tolls continued to be collected until 1917, when the State Highway Department bought it for $165,000, equal to $3,292,714 today.[9] In 1926 it was designated as part of U.S. Route 30 along with the rest of the original United States Numbered Highways.

Major intersections[edit]

LancasterColumbia0.000.00 North 3rd Street to PA 441 – Washington Boro, MariettaWestern terminus of the former Turnpike.
40°02′02″N 76°30′17″W / 40.033907°N 76.504755°W / 40.033907; -76.504755 PA 462 continues west into Wrightsville on the Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge.
Lancaster Township7.7312.44 PA 741 (Rorherstown/Millersville Road) – East Petersburg, New Danville
Lancaster9.7615.71 PA 23 west (College Avenue)Western terminus of westbound concurrency with PA 23 westbound.
10.4816.87 PA 999 west (Manor Street)Eastern terminus of PA 999. Connection to King Street only.[10]
10.7417.28 US 222 south (PA 272 south / Prince Street)Southbound one-way pair of US 222/PA 272.
10.8617.48 PA 72 north (Queen Street)
11.1017.86 US 222 north (PA 272 north / Lime Street)Northbound one-way pair of US 222/PA 272.
11.8419.05 PA 23 east (Broad Street)Eastern terminus of westbound concurrency with PA 23 westbound.
12.7420.50 PA 340 east (Old Philadelphia Pike)Western terminus of PA 340.
East Lampeter Township14.5423.40 US 30 west to PA 283 west – York, HarrisburgEastern terminus of PA 462. Turnpike is designated US 30 east of this point.
Ronks17.0327.41 PA 896 (Eastbrook/Hartman Bridge Road) – Strasburg
Gap25.9241.71 PA 772 west (Newport Road)Eastern terminus of PA 772.
26.3242.36 PA 41 south (Gap-Newport Pike) – Wilmington, DENorthern terminus of PA 41.
26.6642.91 PA 897 north (White Horse Road)Southern terminus of PA 897.
ChesterWest Sadsbury Township31.1050.05 PA 10 (Octorara Trail) – Honey Brook, Parkesburg
31.5050.69 US 30 (Downingtown-Coatesville Bypass) – Coatesville, DowningtownWestern terminus of US 30 BUS. Turnpike is US 30 BUS east of here.
Coatesville36.5958.89 PA 82 south (Strode Avenue)
37.0059.55 PA 82 north (1st Avenue)
Thorndale41.2466.37 PA 340 west (Bondsville Road) – WagontownEastern terminus of PA 340. Paoli/Thorndale Line trains terminate here at the nearby train station, two intersections west at S. Bailey Rd.
Downingtown43.4869.97 US 322 west (Manor Avenue) to US 30Western terminus of concurrency with US 322.
43.6670.26 US 322 east (Brandywine Avenue) – West ChesterEastern terminus of concurrency with US 322, western terminus of concurrency with US 322 Truck
43.8070.49 PA 282 west (Green Street)Eastern terminus of PA 282.
44.1871.10 PA 113 north (West Uwchlan Avenue) to Penna TurnpikeSouthern terminus of PA 113.
East Caln Township
US 322 Truck east (Quarry Road)
Eastern terminus of concurrency with US 322 Truck
45.4173.08 US 30 (Downingtown-Coatesville/Exton Bypass) – Coatesville, Lancaster, King of PrussiaInterchange.
Exton47.9877.22 PA 100 (Pottstown Pike) – Pottstown, West Chester
West Whiteland Township50.2980.93 US 30 west / US 202 – Downingtown, King of Prussia, West ChesterEastern terminus of US 30 BUS. Turnpike is US 30 east of here.
Frazer51.6583.12 PA 352 south (Sproul Road) – ChesterNorthern terminus of PA 352.
Malvern53.2185.63 PA 401 west (Conestoga Road) – ElversonEastern terminus of PA 401.
53.6286.29 PA 29 north (Morehall Road) to US 202Southern terminus of PA 29.
Paoli56.1490.35 PA 252 (Bear Hill/Leopard Road) – Valley Forge, Newtown Square
DelawareVillanova62.93101.28 I-476 (Blue Route) – Plymouth Meeting, ChesterInterchange.
63.26101.81 PA 320 (Spring Mill/Sproul Road)
county line
Lower Merion TownshipPhiladelphia line69.35111.61 US 1 (City Avenue)
PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia71.56115.16 US 30 east (Girard Avenue)US 30 is the Turnpike west of here. Western terminus of SR 3012.
72.00115.87Belmont Avenue (SR 3005) / 44th StreetEastern terminus of SR 3012. Concurrent with SR 3005 until terminus.[5]
73.04117.55 US 13 (Powelton Avenue)
73.33118.0134th StreetEastern terminus of SR 3005.
39°57′32″N 75°11′28″W / 39.958767°N 75.191009°W / 39.958767; -75.191009
73.83118.82Drexel UniversityPedestrian walkway called “Lancaster Walk”
74.33119.62 PA 3 (Market Street) / 32nd StreetEastern terminus of “Lancaster Avenue” at Market Street
Location of 32nd St. and Lancaster Ave. Philadelphia Armory
39°57′19″N 75°11′15″W / 39.9553841°N 75.1875208°W / 39.9553841; -75.1875208
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b DeLorme Street Atlas 2007, Toggle Measure Tool. Retrieved on July 2, 2007.
  2. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "The Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Road". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved May 29, 2006.
  4. ^ Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike (Map). Library of Congress. 1796. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  5. ^ a b Philadelphia County (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 2005. p. 1. Retrieved July 2, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Buxbaum, Jeffrey N (2009). Public Sector Decision Making for Public-private Partnerships. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-309-09829-8.
  7. ^ "Philadelphia & Lancaster Turnpike". Lifelong Learning Online. Archived from the original on August 27, 2002. Retrieved May 29, 2006.
  8. ^ "Philadelphia & Lancaster Turnpike". Explore Pennsylvania History. Retrieved May 29, 2006.
  9. ^ Butko, Brian. The Lincoln Highway: Pennsylvania Traveler's Guide. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0-8117-2497-2.
  10. ^ "Eastern terminus of PA 999". Google. Retrieved July 2, 2007.

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Coordinates: 40°02′12″N 76°18′44″W / 40.0367°N 76.3122°W / 40.0367; -76.3122