Philaeus chrysops

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Philaeus chrysops
Philaeus chrysops.jpg
Male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Genus: Philaeus
Species: P. chrysops
Binomial name
Philaeus chrysops
(Poda, 1761)
Synonyms

Aranea chrysops

  • Aranea sloanii
  • Aranea catesbaei
  • Aranea sanguinolenta
  • Attus sanguinolentus
  • Salticus sloanii
  • Salticus catesbaei
  • Attus bilineatus
  • Attus sloani
  • Salticus sanguinolentus
  • Callietherea sanguinolenta
  • Philia haemorrhoica
  • Philia sanguinolenta
  • Dendryphantes dorsatus
  • Dendryphantes xanthomelas
  • Dendryphantes leucomelas
  • Salticus erythrogaster
  • Salticus cirtanus
  • Attus xanthomelas
  • Philia setigera
  • Pandora cirtana
  • Philia erythrogaster
  • Philia bilineata
  • Attus haemorrhoicus
  • Attus nervosus
  • Dendryphantes bilineatus
  • Dendryphantes nigriceps
  • Attus bimaculatus
  • Philaeus bilineatus
  • Philaeus nervosus
  • Philaeus sanguinolentus

Philaeus chrysops is a species of jumping spider (Salticidae).

Male
Male

Description[edit]

Normal body length is 7–12 millimetres (0.28–0.47 in), but 5 mm small males do occur. Unusual for spiders, the males are often bigger. The sexes differ extremely: males are very colorful with a glaringly red opisthosoma (chrysops means "golden eye" in Greek). The males have a dark brown cephalothorax with two broad longitudinal white stripes behind the rear eyes. The abdomen is bright orange-red on the back and the sides, with a longitudinal black stripe in the center and black shoulders. The long, slender legs are dark with the patellae and most of the tibiae of the first two pairs bright orange-red. The cephalothorax of the female is similar to the male, but with much smaller white stripes. The back of her abdomen is largely covered with a very broad brown band with two narrow longitudinal white stripes and a few white marks near the sides. The remainder of the abdomen and the sides are orange, the legs light brown with dark brown rings.[1]

The spider prefers open and warm areas.

Distribution[edit]

P. chrysops occurs in the Palearctic, reaching into South China[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Murphy & Murphy 2000: 279

References[edit]

  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

External links[edit]