|Philadelphia Science Fiction Conference|
|Venue||Crowne Plaza Hotel, Cherry Hill, New Jersey|
|Most recent||2017 (Nov 10–12, 2017)|
|Next event||November 16–18, 2018|
|Organized by||Philadelphia Science Fiction Society|
Philcon, also known as the "Philadelphia Science Fiction Conference", is an annual science fiction convention, which has been held in or near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, nearly every year since 1936. The convention is run by the Philadelphia Science Fiction Society (PSFS). Usually held in November, its programming features a mixture of literary, science, gaming, film, anime, and costuming. There is usually an open Meet the Authors/Artists Party on Friday and a Masquerade on Saturday, as well as the usual programming mixture of literature, art, costuming, and gaming panels, an art show, a dealers' room, a masquerade, and movies.
In 1936, a half dozen fans came down from New York by train for the first intercity meeting of fans ever held. A picture taken of the group at Independence Hall has appeared in a number of the histories of science fiction fandom. They held a business meeting at the house of Philadelphia fan Milton A. Rothman, electing Rothman as chair and New Yorker Frederik Pohl as Secretary. Since Philadelphia had been the site of the 1936 Democratic and Republican National Conventions, they declared themselves the Philadelphia Science Fiction Convention. Part of the group went to John Baltadonis' home to examine his art collection and the printing press used to publish the PSFS newsletter. At Rothman's house, the group talked about science fiction and played craps. On the way back to the train station, some of the attendees sang early filk songs. One of the attendees, John B. Michel published an account of the day, the first convention report, in a New York fanzine:
Nine people attended the first Philcon in 1936. They were Ossie Train, Donald A. Wollheim, Milton A. Rothman, Frederik Pohl, John B. Michel, Will Sykora, David Kyle, Robert A. Madle, and John Baltadonis. Pohl excluded Herbert Goudket, who took the picture shown. Others are thought to have attended, but they are not shown in the picture.
Some fan historians claim that the 1936 Philadelphia Science Fiction Conference, a.k.a. Philcon, was the first science fiction convention ever held. Others, such as Fred Patten and Rob Hansen, make this claim for the January 1937 event in Leeds, England, organized by the Leeds Science Fiction League, which was specifically organised as a conference, with a program and speakers. Out of this came the first incarnation of the British Science Fiction Association.
The World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, has been held in Philadelphia three times:
- The 5th World Science Fiction Convention, called Philcon I, was held in 1947.
- The 11th World Science Fiction Convention, called Philcon II, was held in 1953.
- The 59th World Science Fiction Convention, called the Millennium Philcon, was held in 2001.
- Bristol, John (Jack Speer), Fancyclopedia, Fantasy Foundation, 1944.
- Eney, Dick, Fancyclopedia II, Operation Crifanac 1959.
- Pohl, Frederick, The Way the Future Was: A Memoir, Del Rey Books, 1978.
- Moskowitz, Sam, The Immortal Storm, Hyperion Press, 1974.
- Wolkoff, Lew, The First Philcon: An Oral History, Phanadelphia Corporation, 1985.
- Sam Moskowitz. The Immortal Storm, A History of Science Fiction Fandom, 1st ed.,1954, The Atlanta Science Fiction Organization Press, Atlanta, GA, page 82. ISBN 978-0-88355-160-8
- Frederik Pohl. The Way the Future Was:A Memoir, 1st ed., 1978, Del Rey Books.
- Mike Glyer. "THE FIRST EVER CONVENTION," The Story So Far (Worldcon, 1987).