Philcoxia minensis

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Philcoxia minensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Gratioleae
Genus: Philcoxia
Species: P. minensis
Binomial name
Philcoxia minensis
V.C.Souza & Guil.

Philcoxia minensis is a rare annual herb of the Plantaginaceae family, that is endemic to the Serra do Cabral area of the Brazilian state Minas Gerais. It was discovered April 17, 1981 by Rossi et al. in the municipality of Joaquim Felício and grew near other plants from the campos rupestres (rocky fields) montane savanna.[1] The exact location of collection was unspecified. The species has been shown to produce phosphatases.[2]

Philcoxia minensis is a small plant with an orbicular leaf shape and tall, stalked inflorescence that reach a height of 17–21 cm (7–8 in).[1] Its leaves possess small glands that are capable of trapping and digesting nematodes, defining it as a carnivorous plant.[2]


  1. ^ a b Taylor, P., Souza, V.C., Giulietti, A.M., and Harley, R.M. (2000). Philcoxia: A new genus of Scrophulariaceae with three new species from Eastern Brazil. Kew Bulletin, 55(1): 155-163.
  2. ^ a b Pereira, CG, DP Almenara, CE Winter, PW Fritsch, H Lambers, and RS Oliveira. 2012. Underground leaves of Philcoxia trap and digest nematodes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, published online ahead of print. doi:10.1073/pnas.1114199109