Philibert François Rouxel de Blanchelande

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Philibert François Rouxel de Blanchelande
Philibert François Rouxel de Blanchelande.jpg
Governor of Tobago
In office
2 June 1781 – 1784
Preceded byGeorge Ferguson
Succeeded byRené Marie, vicomte d'Arrot
Governor of Saint-Domingue
In office
Preceded byAntoine de Thomassin de Peynier
Succeeded byJean-Jacques d'Esparbes
Personal details
Born(1735-02-21)21 February 1735
Dijon, France
Died15 April 1793(1793-04-15) (aged 58)
Paris, France

Philippe (or Philibert) François Rouxel, viscount de Blanchelande[1] (21 February 1735 in Dijon – 15 April 1793 in guillotined in Paris) was a French general. He was serving as Governor of Saint-Domingue at the start of the Haitian Revolution.

In 1781, Maréchal de camp Blanchelande took Tobago from the British and was Governor from 1781 to 1784.

He succeeded Governor General of Saint-Domingue, de Peinier,[2] at the end of 1790. In 1791, during the Haitian Revolution, Rouxel led the Royalist forces against the revolt and its leader, Dutty Boukman.

In 1792, he was replaced as Governor by Jean-Jacques d'Esparbes (who would himself be replaced by François-Thomas Galbaud du Fort after June 1793). Convicted of counter-revolutionary actions and treason, Blanchelande was condemned to the guillotine by a revolutionary Court on 11 April 1793 and executed on 15 April.


  1. ^ "G.H.C. Nr 48 : April 1993 Page 775 Le début de la révolte de Saint Domingue dans la Plaine du Cap, vécu par Louis de Calbiac" (in French). Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  2. ^ Bob Corbett (2001). "Haiti Rulers". Webster University. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-14.

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