Philibert François Rouxel de Blanchelande

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Philippe (or Philibert) François Rouxel, viscount de Blanchelande[1] (21 February 1735 in Dijon – 15 April 1793 in guillotined in Paris) was a French general. He was serving as Governor of Saint-Domingue at the start of the Haitian Revolution.

In 1781, Maréchal de camp Blanchelande took Tobago from the British and was Governor from 1781 to 1784.

He succeeded Governor General of Saint-Domingue, de Peinier,[2] at the end of 1790. In 1791, during the Haitian Revolution, Rouxel led the Royalist forces against the revolt and its leader, Dutty Boukman.

In 1792, he was replaced as Governor by d'Esparbès (who would himself be replaced by Galbaud du Fort after June 1793). Convicted of counter-revolutionary actions and treason, Blanchelande was condemned to the guillotine by a revolutionary Court on 11 April 1793 and executed on 15 April.


  1. ^ "G.H.C. Nr 48 : April 1993 Page 775 Le début de la révolte de Saint Domingue dans la Plaine du Cap, vécu par Louis de Calbiac" (in French). Généalogie et Histoire de la Caraïbe. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  2. ^ Bob Corbett (2001). "Haiti Rulers". Webster University. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-14.

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