Philine

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Philine
Sand slug.jpg
A close-up view of a live Philine aperta, head end towards the left
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Euopisthobranchia

clade Cephalaspidea

Superfamily: Philinoidea
Family: Philinidae
Genus: Philine
Peter Ascanius, 1772
Species

See text

Synonyms[1]
  • Bulla (Bullea) [sic] (misspelling for Bullaea Lamarck, 1801)
  • Bullaea Lamarck, 1801
  • Bullea [sic] (misspelling for Bullaea Lamarck, 1801)
  • Hermania Monterosato, 1884
  • Johania Monterosato, 1884
  • Laona A. Adams, 1865
  • Lobaria O.F. Müller, 1776
  • Ossiania Monterosato, 1884
  • Praephiline Chaban & Soldatenko, 2009
  • Retusophiline Nordsieck, 1972
  • Rhinodiaphana Lemche, 1967
  • Utriculopsis M. Sars, 1870
  • Yokoyamaia Habe, 1950

Philine is a genus of sea slugs or sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Philinidae, the headshield slugs or paper bubbles.[1]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Philine include:

Taxon inquerendum
  • Philine minuta Thiele, 1925
Species brought into synonymy
  • Philine apertissima de Folin, 1893  : synonym of Philine quadripartita Ascanius, 1772
  • Philine argentata Gould, 1859  : synonym of Philine orientalis A. Adams, 1854
  • Philine cingulata G. O. Sars, 1878 - girdled paper-bubble, girdled paperbubble : synonym of Philine finmarchica M. Sars, 1858
  • Philine finmarchica M. Sars, 1858 - finmark paper-bubble  : synonym of Praephiline finmarchica (M. Sars, 1858)
  • Philine fragilis G. O. Sars, 1878 - fragile paper-bubble, fragile paperbubble  : synonym of Philine finmarchica M. Sars, 1858
  • Philine japonica Lischke, 1872  : synonym of Philine orientalis A. Adams, 1854
  • Philine laevissima M. Sars, 1859 : synonym of Diaphana hiemalis (Couthouy, 1839)
  • Philine loveni Malm, 1858: synonym of Philine scabra (O. F. Müller, 1784)
  • Philine milneedwardsi Locard, 1897 : synonym of Philine quadripartita Ascanius, 1772
  • Philine ossiansarsi Friele, 1877 : synonym of Philine finmarchica M. Sars, 1858
  • Philine polaris Aurivillius, 1885 - axial paper-bubble, axial paperbubble: synonym of Philine quadrata (S. Wood, 1839)
  • Philine polystrigma (Dall, 1908): synonym of Woodbridgea polystrigma (Dall, 1908)
  • Philine rugulosa (Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896) : synonym of Philine rugosula Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896
  • Philine sinuata Stimpson, 1851 - sinuate paper-bubble, sinuate paperbubble  : synonym of Philine denticulata (Adams J., 1800)
  • Philine striatella Tapparone-Canefri, 1874 : synonym of Philine orientalis A. Adams, 1854
  • Philine trachyostraca Watson, 1897: synonym of Philine retifera (Forbes, 1844)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gofas, S. (2011). Philine Ascanius, 1772. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138339 on 2011-09-21
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.
  • Chaban E.M. & Soldatenko E.V. (2009) Description of a new genus Praephiline gen. nov. (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia: Philinidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 18(2): 205-211.
  • Price R.M., Gosliner T.M. & Valdés A. (2011) Systematics and phylogeny of Philine (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), with emphasis on the Philine aperta species complex. The Veliger 51(2): 1-58.

External links[edit]