Philip Alexander Bell
Philip Alexander Bell (1808–1889) was a 19th century American newspaper editor and abolitionist. Born in New York City, he made his first public speech at the 1832 Colored Convention, and was active in a variety of issues, including abolition, suffrage, and the protection of fugitives. As a young man, he worked for William Lloyd Garrison's anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator. In 1837, he started the New York City newspaper The Weekly Advocate edited by Samuel Cornish, later renamed the Colored American and co-owned by Charles Bennett Ray. In 1860, he moved to San Francisco where he became co-editor of the African-American newspaper The Pacific Appeal and later, founder and editor of The San Francisco Elevator during the Reconstruction Era.
- Perry, E.L.; Alexander, L. (2010). Encyclopedia of African American History. American Ethnic Experience. ABC-CLIO. p. 324. ISBN 978-1-85109-769-2. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- George William Gore, Negro Journalism: An Essay on the History and Present Conditions of the Negro Press, University Microfilms, 1922
- Lara Langer Cohen, Jordan Alexander Stein, Early African American Print Culture, University of Pennsylvania Press, Sep 6, 2012
- Jan Batiste Adkins , African Americans of San Francisco, Arcadia Publishing, 2012
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