Philip Babcock Gove (1902–1972) was an American lexicographer who was editor-in-chief of the Webster's Third New International Dictionary, published in 1961.
Born in Concord, New Hampshire, he received his A.B. from Dartmouth College, his A.M. from Harvard University, his Ph.D. from Columbia University, and his D.Litt from Dartmouth. He started working for the G. and C. Merriam Company in 1946. Gove was managing editor of Webster's Third from 1950 to 1952, general editor from 1952 to 1960, and editor-in-chief from 1960 until his retirement.