Philip Cook (general)

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Philip Cook
Circa 1870-1880
13th Georgia Secretary of State
In office
November 8, 1890 – October 27, 1894
GovernorWilliam J. Northen
Preceded byNathan Crawford Barnett
Succeeded byAllen D. Candler
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byJohn S. Bigby
Succeeded byCharles F. Crisp
Personal details
Born(1817-07-31)July 31, 1817
Twiggs County, Georgia, U.S.
DiedMay 21, 1894(1894-05-21) (aged 76)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Resting placeRose Hill Cemetery (Macon, Georgia)
Political partyDemocratic
Military service
AllegianceConfederate States of America Confederate States of America
Branch/service Confederate States Army
Years of service1861–1865
Rank Brigadier General (CSA)
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Philip Cook Sr. (July 31, 1817 – May 21, 1894)[1] was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a reconstruction era member of the United States Congress.


Cook was born in Twiggs County, Georgia. His parents had moved from Virginia to Georgia. He served with the United States Army in the Seminole Wars, serving in Florida. After studying at Oglethorpe University, he graduated from the law school of the University of Virginia in 1841. He subsequently lived in Macon County, Georgia, where he maintained a law practice.[2]

Once the American Civil War started, Cook sided with the Confederate States of America and enlisted as a private in the 4th Georgia Volunteer Infantry. By the end of the Seven Days campaign on the Virginia Peninsula, Cook had advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He also fought in the battles of Second Manassas, Antietam and Chancellorsville, where he was wounded in the leg. As a result, he missed the Gettysburg Campaign while he recovered.

For a short time, Cook took a leave of absence to serve in the Georgia Legislature before returning to the army. The first action he saw after recovering and returning to the war was the Battle of Cold Harbor. At the Battle of Cold Harbor in 1864 he took command of the brigade when Brig. Gen. George P. Doles was killed. Cook was wounded again at the Battle of the Crater during the Siege of Petersburg. After recovering, he fought under Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur at the Battle of Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley before returning with his men to the trenches around Petersburg, Virginia. He was wounded a third time during the 1865 attack on Fort Stedman.

After the war ended in early 1865, Cook moved to Americus, Georgia, where he set up a law practice and was active in local and state politics. From 1873 to 1883, Cook was a member of the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat,[3] serving a district comprising part of southwest Georgia.[citation needed] He became Georgia's Secretary of State in 1890, at the specific request of long-serving Secretary of State Nathan Crawford Barnett, made prior to his death in office. Cook was part of the commission that built Georgia's state capitol building in Atlanta.

Phillip Cook died in Atlanta on May 21, 1894. Cook County, Georgia, is named in his honor.[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "BG Philip Cook". Find A Grave. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  2. ^ History Central
  3. ^ "Cook, Philip, (1817 - 1894)". United States Congress. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  4. ^ Meadows, Linda. "Cook County's Namesake". Adel-Cook County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1883
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Secretary of State of Georgia
Succeeded by