Philip Courtenay (died 1463)
|Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderham|
Arms of Sir Philip Courtenay: Courtenay impaling Hungerford with supporters two Courtenay boars. In the spandrels are the heraldic badges of Hungerford: three conjoined sickles and the Peverell garbs. Detail from Bishop Peter Courtenay's Mantelpiece, erected by Sir Philip's son Bishop Peter Courtenay (died 1492), Bishop's Palace, Exeter.
|Born||18 January 1404|
|Died||16 December 1463(aged 59)|
Sir William Courtenay
Sir Philip Courtenay
Sir Walter Courtenay
Sir John Courtenay
|Father||Sir John Courtenay|
Courtenay was born on 18 January 1404, the eldest son and heir of Sir John Courtenay (died before 1415) of Powderham, by his wife Joan Champernoun (died 1419), widow of Sir James Chudleigh and daughter of Richard Champernoun of Modbury.
He was the grandson of Sir Philip Courtenay (c. 1355 – 1406) and therefore the great-grandson of Hugh de Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (died 1377), and Margaret de Bohun (died 1391). He had a brother, Sir Humphrey Courtenay, who died without issue. Philip was heir to his uncle, Richard Courtenay (died 1415), Bishop of Norwich and also to his other uncle Sir William Courtenay (died 1419)
Courtenay's seat was Powderham Castle, given to his grandfather Sir Philip Courtenay (1340–1406), of Powderham, (a younger son of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (died 1377)), by his mother Margaret Bohun, whose father had given it to her as her marriage portion.
Battle of Clyst Heath (1455)
He had been badly treated by his distant cousin Thomas de Courtenay, 5th Earl of Devon (1414–1458), whose seat was at Tiverton Castle, and during the turbulent and lawless era of the Wars of the Roses, he supported the challenge against the earl, for local supremacy in Devon, put up by the Lancastrian courtier, Sir William Bonville (1392–1461), of Shute. Sir Philip's eldest son and heir Sir William Courtenay (died 1485) had married Bonville's daughter Margaret, cementing the alliance between the two men. On 3 November 1455 Thomas de Courtenay, 5th Earl of Devon (1414–1458) at the head of a private army of 1,000 men seized control of Exeter and its royal castle, the stewardship of which was sought by Bonville, and laid siege to nearby Powderham for two months. Lord Bonville attempted to raise the siege and approached from the east, crossing the River Exe, but was unsuccessful and was driven back by the Earl's forces. Sir Philip otherwise played a limited role in the Bonville-Courtenay feud. On 15 December 1455 the Earl of Devon and Lord Bonville met decisively at the Battle of Clyst Heath, where Bonville was defeated and after which the Earl sacked Shute.
Sir Philip swore fealty to King Edward IV (1461–1483) as an MP at Parliament.
Marriage and children
In about 1426 Courtenay married Elizabeth Hungerford, daughter of Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford, Speaker of the House of Commons, Steward of the Household to Kings Henry V and Henry VI, and Lord High Treasurer. They had seven sons and four daughters:
- Sir William Courtenay (c. 1428 – September 1485) of Powderham, eldest son and heir, who married Margaret Bonville, daughter of William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville (died 1461). He was the paternal ancestor of Henry Reginald Courtenay (MP).
- Sir Philip Courtenay of Molland (c. 1430 – 7 February 1489), second son, MP, Sheriff of Devon in 1470.
- Peter Courtenay (died 22 September 1492), Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Winchester.
- Sir Walter Courtenay (died 7 November 1506), who married Alice Colbroke, widow of John Vere (died before 15 March 1488), son of Sir Robert Vere (1410–1461), of Haccombe, by Joan Courtenay (died before 3 August 1465), widow of Sir Nicholas Carew (died before 20 April 1448), and daughter of Sir Hugh Courtenay by Philippa Archdekne.
- Sir Edmund Courtenay, 5th son, who married Jane Devioke, a daughter and co-heiress of John Deviock of Deviock near St Germans in Cornwall. For his descendants see Courtenay of Tremere.
- Humphrey Courtenay.
- Sir John Courtenay (died 1469).
- Anne Courtenay, who married Sir Thomas Grenville.
- Elizabeth Courtenay, who married three times:
- Philippa Courtenay, who married Sir Thomas Fulford (died 1489) of Fulford, Devon, whose step-father Sir William Huddesfield (died 1499) was the husband of Philippa's sister Katherine Courtenay.
- Katherine Courtenay (died 12 January 1515), who married three times:
He died on 16 December 1463.
- This branch of the family is traditionally termed "of Powderham" to distinguish it from the senior line of Courtenay, Earls of Devon. Eventually, after the extinction of the senior line, the Powderham branch inherited the Earldom of Devon.
- Maria Halliday, A Delineation of the Courtenay Mantelpiece in the Episcopal Palace at Exeter by Roscoe Gibbs, Torquay, 1884
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families. p. 625. ISBN 9781461045137. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- Vivian, p.246 "Joan", but "Agnes or Joan" per French, Daniel (Ed.), Powderham Castle: Historic Family Home of the Earls of Devon, 2011. Visitor guidebook, p.6
- Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 243–253. Pedigree of Courtenay, p.246
- Vivian, p.162, pedigree of Champernowne; p. 189, pedigree of Chudleigh of Ashton
- F. B. Prideaux, "Dame Joan de Courtenay of Ashton", Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries, 12 (1922): 340–2
- Vivian, p. 246, pedigree of Courtenay
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 28–30
- Orme, Nicholas, Representation & Rebellion in the Later Middle Ages, published in Kain, Roger & Ravenhill, William, (eds.) Historical Atlas of South-West England, Exeter, 1999, pp. 141, 144
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 30–1, 327, 427–8.
- Richardson IV 2011, pp. 271–3; Richardson II 2011, pp. 326–7.
- Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.246
- Maxwell Lyte, Sir Henry, A History of Dunster and of the Families of Mohun and Luttrell, Part I, London, 1909, pp.130–1
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 30–1; Richardson III 2011, pp. 395–6
- Rogers, W.H.Hamilton., Sir William Huddesfield and Katherine Courtenay his Wife, Shillingford Church, Devon, Published in Wiltshire Notes & Queries, Vol.3, 1899–1901, pp.336–345 
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1916). Doubleday, H.A. (ed.). The Complete Peerage. IV. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Vivian, John Lambrick, ed. (1887). The visitations of Cornwall, comprising the heralds' visitations of 1530, 1573, and 1620. With additions ... Exeter: William Pollard & Company. p. 108. (Courtenay pedigree)