Philip Geoffrey Twining
Sir Philip Twining
|Birth name||Philip Geoffrey Twining|
|Born||7 September 1862|
Halifax, Nova Scotia
|Died||15 January 1920 (aged 57)|
|Awards||KCMG , CB, MVO|
He was commissioned as an officer with the Royal Engineers in 1886, and served in India from 1887-1891. He was sent to Mombasa for a year to survey a railway route to Lake Victoria Nyanza. As a Lieutenant, he was an instructor and later as a Captain a professor in military engineering at the Royal Military College of Canada from 1895-9. He performed engineering, railway and survey work in India during the years from 1899 to 1914, but was in January 1901 appointed a Special service officer to serve on the British Military Staff in China during the Boxer Rebellion. During the First World War, he was Adjutant of the British First Army. He served as Director of Fortification and Works at the War Office 1918-20.
Awards and recognition
He was a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG), a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) 1918 and Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO). He was knighted. As a Lieutenant-Colonel in 1911, he was awarded 1st (K.G.O.) Sappers and Miners. Twining Island, St. Joseph Channel, Algoma District, Ontario was named in honour of 88 Major General Sir Philip Geoffrey Twining KCMG, COB, MVO (RMC 1880-1883) Royal Engineers 
He married Louise Mary (d 1956), daughter of George and Mary Daly of Toronto.
- "No. 27428". The London Gazette. 25 April 1902. p. 2794.
- Roy MacLarent African Exploits: The Diaries of William Stairs, 1887-1892
- 4237 Dr. Adrian Preston & Peter Dennis (Edited) "Swords and Covenants" Rowman And Littlefield, London. Croom Helm. 1976.
- H16511 Dr. Richard Arthur Preston "To Serve Canada: A History of the Royal Military College of Canada" 1997 Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1969.
- H16511 Dr. Richard Arthur Preston "Canada's RMC - A History of Royal Military College" Second Edition 1982
- H1877 R. Guy C. Smith (editor) "As You Were! Ex-Cadets Remember". In 2 Volumes. Volume I: 1876-1918. Volume II: 1919-1984. Royal Military College. [Kingston]. The R.M.C. Club of Canada. 1984
- Portraits of Sir Philip Twining at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
George Kenneth Scott-Moncrieff
| Director of Fortifications and Works
Sir William Andrew Liddell