Philip III of Navarre
Bust in the Louvre
|King of Navarre|
|Reign||1 February 1328 - 16 September 1343|
|Coronation||5 March 1329|
|Born||27 March 1306|
|Died||16 September 1343(aged 37)|
|Spouse||Joan II of Navarre|
|Father||Louis of Évreux|
|Mother||Margaret of Artois|
Philip III (27 March 1306 – 16 September 1343), called the Noble (el Noble) or the Wise, Count of Évreux (1319–1343) and King of Navarre (1328–1343), was the second son of Louis of Évreux and Margaret of Artois and therefore a grandson of King Philip III of France. Because of this descent, he was a possible heir to the throne of France.
In due course, he inherited the County of Évreux, in Normandy, from his father, and ten years later became Philip III, jure uxoris King of Navarre, on the death of his cousin, Charles IV of France. On 18 June 1318, he had married the heiress Joan II. She held extensive fiefdoms in northern France, as well as Navarre. Because of their lands and their many royal relatives, Philip and his wife were influential in both France and Navarre and spent much of their lives going back and forth between them.
By the Treaty of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon of 14 March 1336 he received the counties of Angoulème and Mortain in the peerage of France, and the castles of Benon in Aunis and Fontenay-l'Abattu in Poitou. In 1339, he was at the side of the kings of France, Bohemia (John), and Scotland (David II), relieving the cities of Cambrai and Tournai, besieged by the English. This was the opening stages of the Hundred Years' War.
Aside from that war on French soil, Philip actively participated in the Reconquista in Iberia. He joined the crusade initiated by Alfonso XI of Castile against the Kingdom of Granada was mortally wounded by an arrow at the Siege of Algeciras (1342-1344). He fell ill and died at Jerez de la Frontera. His body was brought back to Pamplona for burial, though his heart was buried at the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris.
The arms of Philippe III of Navarre changed throughout his lifetime:
Marriage and children
- Joanna (c. 1326–1387), nun at Longchamps
- Maria (c. 1329 – 1347), first wife of Peter IV of Aragon
- Louis (1330–1334)
- Blanche (1331–1398), second wife of Philip VI of France
- Charles II the Bad (1332–1387), successor, Count of Évreux and King of Navarre
- Philip, Count of Longueville (c. 1333–1363), married Yolande de Dampierre
- Agnes (1334–1396), married Gaston III, Count of Foix
- Louis (1341–1372), Count of Beaumont-le-Roger, married firstly Maria de Lizarazu and secondly Joanna, Duchess of Durazzo
- Joanna (aft 1342–1403), married John I, Viscount of Rohan
|Ancestors of Philip III of Navarre|
- Robert Fawtier, The Capetian Kings of France: Monarchy and Nation 987-1328, transl. Lionel Butler and R.J. Adam, (Macmillan Education Ltd, 1989), 130.
- Marguerite Keane, Material Culture and Queenship in 14th-century France: The Testament of Blanche of Navarre (1331-1398), (Brill, 2016), 17.
- Housley, Norman, The Avignon papacy and the Crusades, 1305-1378, (Oxford University Press, 1986), 61.
- See Pilar Azcárate Aguilar-Amat, "Aportación y muerte de Felipe de Evreux en la cruzada de Algeciras (1343)", in Eduardo Ripoll Perelló and Manuel Fernando Ladero Quesada (eds.) Actas del II Congreso Internacional "El Estrecho de Gibraltar", Ceuta, 1990 (Madrid, 1995), 3:61–76.
- Fernando Arias Guillén (2012), "El linaje maldito de Alfonso X. Conflictos en torno a la legitimidad regia en Castilla (c. 1275–1390)", Vínculos de Historia, 1: 157.
- Fermin Miranda Garcia, Reyes de Navarra: Felipe III y Juana II de Evreux (Pamplona, 1994).
- Marguerite Keane, Material Culture and Queenship in 14th-century France: The Testament of Blanche of Navarre (1331-1398), 43-44.
Philip III of Navarre
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynastyBorn: 27 March 1306 Died: 16 September 1343
|Count of Évreux
|King of Navarre
(jure uxoris) with Joan II