Philip Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau

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Count Philip Joseph Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau (Czech: Filip Josef Kinský z Vchynic a Tetova; German: Philipp Joseph Graf Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau) (28 November 1700 – 12 January 1749) was a high chancellor of the Kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Queen Maria Theresa.[1]

A member of the Bohemian noble family, the House of Kinsky, Philip was born in Prague as the son of Count Wenceslaus Kinsky, a Bohemian high chancellor himself, and Maria Anna Theresia de Nesselrode zu Ereshoven. On 17 November 1722, he married Marie Karolína Bořitová z Martinic, by whom he had eight children:

  • Count Franz Karl (1722–1728)
  • Count Karl Joseph (1723–1724)
  • Countess Maria Josepha (1724–1754)
  • Franz de Paula Ulrich, Prince Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau (1726–1792)
  • Countess Maria Anna (1727–1733)
  • Countess Maria Therese (1730–1797)
  • Countess Maria Antonia (1732–1752)
  • Count Johann Joseph (1734–1790)

Count Kinsky received a fine education and had many interests, such as improving education in Bohemia.[2] He served Emperor Charles VI as an Imperial envoy in London between 1728 and 1736.[3] He came into the cabinet of his successor, Queen Maria Theresa, in 1741, and soon became the Queen's trusted adviser and friend.[4] Many feared him because of his temper. He was thought to be willful, but also stubborn and arrogant, which is why he wasn't very popular.[5]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1731.[6]


  1. ^ Duffy, 151.
  2. ^ LeCaine Agnew, 23.
  3. ^ Black, 53, 140.
  4. ^ Morris, 62.
  5. ^ Duffy, 62.
  6. ^ "Library and Archive". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  • Black, Jeremy: Parliament and foreign policy in the eighteenth century Cambridge University Press 2004 ISBN 0-521-83331-0
  • Duffy, Christopher: The army of Maria Theresa: The Armed Forces of Imperial Austria, 1740-1780 Hippocrene Books 1977 ISBN 0-88254-427-6
  • LeCaine Agnew, Hugh: Origins of the Czech national renascence University of Pittsburgh Press 1993 0822937425
  • Morris, Constance Lily: Maria Theresa – The Last Conservative READ BOOKS 2007 ISBN 1-4067-3371-7
  • Szabo, Franz A.J.: Kaunitz and enlightened absolutism, 1753-1780 Cambridge University Press 1994 ISBN 0-521-46690-3
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Carl Joseph von Palm
Habsburg Ambassador to the Court of St James
Succeeded by
Ignaz Johann von Wasner