Philip Mirowski (born 21 August 1951, Jackson, Michigan) is a historian and philosopher of economic thought at the University of Notre Dame. He received a PhD in Economics from the University of Michigan in 1979.
In his book More Heat than Light, Mirowski reveals a history of how physics has drawn inspiration from economics and how economics has sought to emulate physics, especially with regard to the theory of value. He traces the development of the energy concept in Western physics and its subsequent effect on the invention and promulgation of neoclassical economics, the modern orthodox theory.
In his book Machine Dreams, Mirowski explores the historical influences of the military and the cyborg sciences on neoclassical economics. The neglected influence of John von Neumann and his theory of automata are key themes throughout the book. Mirowski claims that many of the developments in neoclassical economics in the 20th century, from game theory to computational economics, are the unacknowledged result of von Neumann's plans for economics. The work expands Mirowski's vision for a computational economics, one in which various market types are constructed in a similar fashion to Noam Chomsky's Generative grammar. The role of economics is to explore how various market types perform in measures of complexity and efficiency, with more complicated markets being able to incorporate the effects of the less complex. By complexity Mirowski means something analogous to Computational complexity theory in computer science.
In his book Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste, Mirowski concludes that neoliberal thought has become so pervasive that any countervailing evidence serves only to further convince disciples of its ultimate truth. Once neoliberalism became a Theory of Everything, providing a revolutionary account of self, knowledge, information, markets, and government, it could no longer be falsified by anything as trifling as data from the “real” economy.
- More Heat than Light: Economics as Social Physics, Physics as Nature's Economics Cambridge University Press, 1989 ISBN 0-521-42689-8
- Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science Cambridge University Press, 2001 ISBN 0-521-77526-4
- Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste: How Neoliberalism Survived the Financial Meltdown Verso, 2013 ISBN 9781781680797
- The Knowledge We Have Lost in Information University Press, 2017 ISBN 9780190270056
- S. Abu Turab Rizvi: Philip Mirowski as a Historian of Economic Thought. In: Steven G. Medema, Warren J. Samuels (eds.): Historians of Economics and Economic Thought: The Construction of Disciplinary Memory. Routledge, London/New York 2001, pp. 209–222.