Philip Morris v. Uruguay
|Philip Morris v. Uruguay|
|Full case name||ARB/10/7. Philip Morris Brand Sàrl (Switzerland), Philip Morris Products S.A. (Switzerland) v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay|
|Cigarettes, intellectual property, health|
The Philip Morris v. Uruguay case (Spanish: Caso Philip Morris contra Uruguay) started on 19 February 2010, when the multinational tobacco company Philip Morris International filed a complaint against Uruguay. The company complains that Uruguay's anti-smoking legislation devalues its cigarette trademarks and investments in the country and is suing Uruguay for compensation under the bilateral investment treaty between Switzerland and Uruguay. (Philip Morris is headquartered in Lausanne.) The treaty provides that disputes are settled by binding arbitration before the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). On July 9, 2016, Uruguayan President Tabare Vazquez announced that ICSID had rejected Philip Morris' challenge.
In 2006, Uruguay under President Tabaré Vázquez, an oncologist by profession, began to enact comprehensive anti-smoking legislation. On 1 March 2006, Uruguay became the first country in Latin America to prohibit smoking in enclosed public spaces. In March 2008 the legislature approved Law 18.256  which includes six strategies of anti-smoking policy.
Some of the measures by the government were the ban on selling different types of presentations of the same brand of cigarettes, the dissemination of images warning about the risks of smoking and covering at least 80% of the cigarette pack, raising of taxes, banning cigarette advertising in the media, and banning sponsorship of sports events. In addition, smoking was banned in public places such as offices, student centers, bars, restaurants, dances and public places, among others.
Philip Morris International is a multinational company, a leading producer of cigarettes, of which it owns seven out of twenty global brands.
The tobacco company initiated a claim in the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), a part of the World Bank. In that forum, an arbitration tribunal was formed with one arbitrator appointed by each party and a third arbitrator elected by the arbitrators appointed by the parties. The plaintiffs are FTR Holding SA (Switzerland), Philip Morris Products SA (Switzerland) and Abal Hermanos SA (PMI representative in Uruguay) against Uruguay (ICSID Case No. ARB/10/7).
"We have no choice but to litigate" said Rees. The company said it has sought to dialogue with the government without success.— Morgan Rees, Director Communications Regulatory Philip Morris International, in 2010.
"Philip Morris (which sued Uruguay for its anti smoking measures) wants to make an example to Uruguay and intimidate other countries."— Tabaré Vázquez, November 2010.
Philip Morris has filed similar cases against Norway and Australia.
- 2 July 2013: the tribunal decides it has jurisdiction in the case Philip Morris versus Uruguay.
- 8 July 2016: the tribunal rules in favour of Uruguay and orders Philip Morris to pay Uruguay $7 million, in addition to all fees and expenses of the Tribunal.
Uruguay's international supporters
The World Health Organization (WHO) supports Uruguay. Uruguay's anti-smoking efforts also received support from past New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, and from Bernard Borel, Swiss deputy from the Canton of Vaud.
- El Espectador (9 March 2010). "Philip Morris versus Uruguay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- BBC (12 March 2010). "Tabacalera Philip Morris demanda a Uruguay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- PMI. "Philip Morris International Management SA - Switzerland Operations Centre". Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- AP (8 July 2016). "Uruguay Wins Dispute With Tobacco Giant Philip Morris". ABC News. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- El Observador (6 September 2011). "Cigarrillos mentolados aumentan la adicción" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- LR21 (9 July 2011). "Uruguay cree que Philip Morris incumplió pasos previos a la demanda" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Uruguay Legislature (6 March 2008). "Ley Nº 18.256 - Control del Tabaquismo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 March 2009. line feed character in
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- MSP. "Campaña "Libre de Humo de Tabaco"" (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 November 2010.
- ICSID (26 March 2010). "ICSID - Case Details". Retrieved 17 November 2010.
- AFP (15 November 2010). "Philip Morris quiere dar un "escarmiento" a Uruguay, acusa ex presidente" (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 March 2009.
- "Decision on Jurisdiction" (PDF). 4 July 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- "Phillip Morris loses tough-on-tobacco lawsuit in Uruguay". Reuters. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- Fusion Media Network (5 October 2010). "Uruguay tendrá apoyo de OPS y ONG en juicio iniciado por Philip Morris" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- El Espectador (15 November 2010). "Alcalde de Nueva York apoyó a Mujica en caso Philip Morris" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- La República (19 March 2010). "Suiza apoya a Uruguay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- This article draws heavily on the in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of 5/2013.