Philip Pusey

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See Philip E. Pusey (d.1880) for the Syriac scholar

Philip Pusey (25 June 1799 – 9 July 1855) was a reforming agriculturalist, a Tory Member of Parliament (MP) and a friend and follower of Sir Robert Peel.

Pusey stood for election in Rye at a by-election in 1830 and was originally declared elected,[1][2] but following an election petition he was unseated by an order of the House of Commons[1] on 17 May 1830. He did not contest Rye at the 1830 general election, when he was elected as a Member for Chippenham.[3] He did not contest Chippenham at the 1831 election, and stood instead in Rye. After riots in the town hall, Pusey agreed to withdraw from the election in return for a guarantee from General De Lacy Evans to protect the peace of the town; Evans won the seat.[1]

Pusey was then returned at an uncontested by-election[4] in July 1831 for the borough of Cashel in Ireland,[5] and held that seat until the 1832 general election, when he stood unsuccessfully in Berkshire.[6] He was elected without a contest[6] from Berkshire at the 1835 general election,[7] and held the seat until he retired from the House of Commons at the 1852 general election.[6]

He was one of the founders of the Royal Agricultural Society, and was chairman of the agricultural implement section of the Great Exhibition of 1851. He was a fellow of the Royal Society, a writer on varied topics in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society and the author of the hymn Lord of our Life and God of our Salvation.[8]

He was the elder brother of the churchman Edward Bouverie Pusey. He married Lady Emily Herbert, daughter of Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Carnarvon, in 1822.[9] He succeeded to the Manor of Pusey in Berkshire in 1828, and built a reputation as a progressive and practical farmer. Disraeli called him "one of the most distinguished country gentlemen who ever sat in the House of Commons"[10]

Pusey's most notable contribution to farming was the development of a system of using lush water-meadows to support large flocks of ewes and early-maturing lambs. He was an early advocate of the use of earthenware drainpipes for field drainage.[11]

He was appointed as a Deputy Lieutenant of Berkshire in January 1831,[12] and was nominated as High Sheriff of Berkshire in November 1833[13] and again in November 1834.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 348. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  2. ^ "No. 18661". The London Gazette. 5 March 1830. p. 461. 
  3. ^ "No. 18720". The London Gazette. 24 August 1830. p. 1808. 
  4. ^ Brian M. Walker, ed. (1978). Parliamentary election results in Ireland 1801–1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. p. 202. ISBN 0-901714-12-7. 
  5. ^ "No. 18828". The London Gazette. 26 July 1831. p. 1505. 
  6. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 353. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  7. ^ "No. 19232". The London Gazette. 23 January 1835. p. 120. 
  8. ^ Oremus Hymnal
  9. ^ "thepeerage.com Person Page 17110". Retrieved 7 November 2008. 
  10. ^ Victoria County History of Berkshire: Pusey
  11. ^ Caird, J. (1852) English agriculture in 1850–51 pp 107–13, cited in the Dictionary of National Biography
  12. ^ "No. 18814". The London Gazette. 17 June 1831. p. 1193. 
  13. ^ "No. 19102". The London Gazette. 15 November 1833. p. 2099. 
  14. ^ "No. 19210". The London Gazette. 14 November 1834. p. 2017. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Bonham
Richard Arkwright
Member of Parliament for Rye
1830
With: Richard Arkwright
Succeeded by
De Lacy Evans
Richard Arkwright
Preceded by
Frederick Gye
Ebenezer Fuller Maitland
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
18301831
With: Joseph Neeld
Succeeded by
Henry Boldero
Joseph Neeld
Preceded by
Mathew Pennefather
Member of Parliament for Cashel
18311832
Succeeded by
James Roe
Preceded by
Robert Throckmorton
Robert Palmer
John Walter
Member of Parliament for Berkshire
18351852
With: Robert Palmer 1832–59
John Walter 1832–37
Viscount Barrington 1837–57
Succeeded by
George Vansittart
Robert Palmer
Viscount Barrington