Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield
Leading up to the English Civil War, Chesterfield was summoned to Parliament in 1640 and took the side of King Charles I in the threatening conflict. When the conflict broke out he and his sons took up arms. Shelford Manor, his home in Nottinghamshire, was garrisoned under the command of his son Philip. The house was attacked and his son lost his life defending it on 27 October 1645. The Parliamentarian army took the house and burnt it to the ground.
Chesterfield, with an army of some 300 gentlemen and supporters sometime earlier had taken Lichfield for the King. They were attacked by a force led by Sir John Gell and Lord Brooke with 200 men and cannon. Lord Brooke was killed in the encounter on 2 March 1643. Chesterfield's forces were forced to surrender and were made prisoner. Chesterfield himself was imprisoned and died still in captivity on 12 September 1656, some three and a half years before the Restoration in 1660.
In 1604, Stanhope married Catherine Hastings (d. 1636), daughter of Francis Hastings, Lord Hastings. According to Sir Egerton Brydges pp. 23, Catherine and Philip had eleven sons and two daughters:
- John (bur. 27 July 1623)
- Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope (died 29 November 1634), the husband of Katherine Wotton, together the parents of Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield
- Charles (1607–1645)
- Edward (1607–1614)
- William (1608–1614)
- Thomas (died young)
- George (1610–1616)
- Ferdinando (d. 1643), married Lettice Ferrers and had issue he was an M.P. he had three children
- Philip (27 October 1645), became a Royalist officer
- Sarah (d. May 1698), married Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet
- Michael (1624–1648)
- Elizabeth, married Edward Darcy
- Arthur (1627–1677) M.P. for Nottingham from whom the fifth Earl and succeeding earls of Chesterfield descend
- Alexander (1638–1707), diplomat, who married Catherine Burghill and had children:
- "Chesterfield, Earl of (E, 1628 - 1967)". Cracroft's Peerage. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- "Philip Stanhope 1st Earl of Chesterfield (I4618)". W.H. Auden - 'Family Ghosts'. www.stanford.edu. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- Collin's Peerage of England by Sir Egerton Brydges, K.J.: in nine volumes: VOL. III 1812: Earl of Chesterfield: pp. 421- 433
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
|Peerage of England|
|New title||Earl of Chesterfield
|Baron Stanhope of Shelford