Philip Walsted was a 24-year-old gay man in who was robbed and beaten in downtown Tucson, Arizona, on June 12, 2002. He worked for American Airlines as a Reservation Agent, and lived with his partner, Jonathan.
Walsted was walking home on June 12, 2002, when he was attacked and beaten with a baseball bat by 22-year-old David A. Higdon in the course of a robbery. Walsted was struck in the head with the bat up to 20 times, and received more than 50 wounds as a result of the attack.
Walsted was found, covered with blood, in the street near the home he shared with his partner in the neighborhood of the University of Arizona. He was transported to University Medical Center, where he died later that day.
Higdon was arrested one week later. Police found Walsted's eyeglasses, watch, shoes, American Airlines keyring, and driver's license in his possession, as well as newspaper articles about the murder, two baseball bats, clothing soaked with Walsted's blood, marijuana and cocaine.
Initially, police declined to classify the murder as a hate crime. Months later, as evidence accumulated, Tucson Police Department re-classified the case as a hate crime and reported it to the FBI as such.
Higdon, an avowed neo-Nazi, had two lightning bolts tattooed on his chest while in jail (meaning he "killed for the cause"), and arrived in court with his head shaved. Prosecutor Teresa Godoy said that Walsted's murder started as a robbery, but the attack was fueled by Higdon's neo-Nazi beliefs, and was part of an attempt to impress a white supremacist group. Higdon "confessed" to the crime in letters, and by boasting to other inmates.
A representative from the local gay and lesbian center's (Wingspan) Anti-Violence Project, Dr. Lori B. Girshick, attended the trial. She reported that "Higdon had written hundreds of pages of letters and documents while he was incarcerated, leading people to believe that Philip was killed because he was gay."
While Arizona has no specific law against hate crimes, if victims are targeted at least in part because of their race, national origin, sexual orientation, religion, or sex, judges may take that into account.
Verdict and sentencing
In January 2005, Higdon went on trial for first degree murder. He was convicted and in March 2005 was sentenced to life without parole.
In co-operation with the City of Tucson, a memorial was created in Catalina Park on Fourth Avenue, across the street from Philip and Jonathan's home.
- Tucson Citizen, David L.Teibel, "Man's killing may have been hate crime", 26 June 2002. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Tucson Observer, Mark R. Kerr, "Gays and Jews top targets of hate crimes in Tucson", 25 February 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Tucson Citizen, Irene Hsiao, "Gays, Jews top targets of hate crimes here", 23 February 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Tucson Observer, Mark R. Kerr, "Memorial vigil held for Philip Walsted", 23 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Arizona Daily Star, L. Anne Newell, "Hate crimes target of vigil for victim", 18 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
- Tucson Police Department Supplementary Report # 0206120122.
- Tucson Weekly, Saxon Burns, "Hate Crime", cover story, 4 November 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Tucson Observer, Mark R. Kerr, "TPD to report Walsted murder as hate crime", 13 November 2002. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
- Tucson Observer, Mark R. Kerr, "Justice prevails - life without parole for Philip Walsted murderer", 30 March 2005. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- Tucson Observer, Mark R. Kerr,"Higdon convicted of brutal Walsted murder", 2 February 2005. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Tucson Weekly, Saxon Burns, "Healing Place", 23 June 2005. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- Tucson Gay LGBT LGBTQ Queer Museum Southern Arizona Anti-LGBT Violence Exhibit
- Tucson Observer, "Oct. 26 Set For Trial in Walsted Murder", 6 October 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-22.