Philip Watts (naval architect)
|Sir Philip Watts|
Philip Watts caricatured by Spy in Vanity Fair, 1910
30 May 1846|
Deptford, Kent, England
|Died||15 March 1926
Chelsea, London, England
|Known for||Warship design|
|Spouse(s)||Elise Isabelle Simonau, daughter of Chevalier Gustave Simonau, of Brussels|
Watts became a constructor to the Admiralty from 1870 to 1885, and reached the rank of Chief constructor. From 1885 to 1901 he was director of the War Shipping department of Armstrong, Whitworth & Co. at Elswick (subsequently returning as a director of the company in 1912); but in 1902 he was appointed Director of Naval Construction at the Admiralty. This post he held until 1912, when he was succeeded by Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt and became Adviser to the Admiralty on Naval Construction. In this capacity he played an important part when the World War I came.
Being the designer of the first dreadnought battleship, it was now up to him to see the use that was made of the fleet which he had brought into being in previous years. He was a member of the royal commission on the Supply and Storage of Liquid Fuel (1912).
Watts was a keen volunteer, and a commanding officer of the 1st Northumberland Artillery Volunteers.
Armstrong, Whitworth & Co
- Castore-class gunboats, Italian Royal Navy, 1887-1889
- Piemonte, Italian Royal Navy, 1887-1889
- Republica, Brazilian Navy, 1892
- Nueve de Julio, Argentine Navy, 1892
- Esmerelda, , Chilean Navy, 1895
- USS New Orleans (CL-22), United States Navy, 1895
- Barroso, Brazilian Navy
- Yashima (八島), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1896
- O'Higgins, , Chilean Navy, 1897
- Asama (浅間), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1898
- Tokiwa (常盤), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1898
- USS Albany (CL-23), United States Navy, 1898
- Dom Carlos I, Portuguese Navy, 1898
- HNoMS Norge, Royal Norwegian Navy, 1899
- HNoMS Eidsvold, Royal Norwegian Navy, 1899
- Hatsuse (初瀬), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1899
- Izumo (出雲), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1899
- Iwate (磐手), Imperial Japanese Navy, 1900
Family and Later life
- "Sir Philip Watts, K.C.B., F.R.S". Nature 117 (2943). 1926. doi:10.1038/117457a0. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- Brompton football equipment training folding at brompton.org at www.brompton.org