Philip Wilson (bishop)
|The Most Reverend
|8th Archbishop of Adelaide|
|Church||St Francis Xavier's Cathedral|
|Installed||3 December 2001|
|Other posts||Bishop of Wollongong
(1996 – 2001)
President of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference
(2006 – present)
|Ordination||23 August 1975
by Edward Bede Clancy
|Consecration||10 July 1996
by Edward Bede Clancy
|Birth name||Philip Edward Wilson|
2 October 1950 |
Cessnock, New South Wales
|Parents||John and Joan Wilson|
|Alma mater||St Patrick's Seminary, Manly;
Catholic Institute of Sydney
|Reference style||The Most Reverend|
|Spoken style||Your Grace|
|Posthumous style||not applicable|
Philip Edward Wilson (born 2 October 1950) is an Australian bishop who is the eighth Roman Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide from 2001. He has also been the President of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference since 2006. He served as a priest in what is now the Diocese of Maitland-Newcastle. After serving as vicar-general of that diocese and studying in the United States, Wilson was appointed as bishop of the Diocese of Wollongong, where he gained a reputation as a "healing bishop" for handling child-abuse scandals.
Wilson was born in Cessnock, New South Wales, to Joan and John Wilson. He was the eldest of five children and received his primary and secondary education at St Patrick's Primary School in Cessnock and St Joseph's College, Hunters Hill. By his mid-teens, Wilson had decided to enter the priesthood, and on his completion of high school, at the age of 18, he entered St Patrick's Seminary, Manly. In 1974, he received a Bachelor of Theology degree from the Catholic Institute of Sydney.
Following his ordination in 1975, Wilson's first posting was to the parish of East Maitland, New South Wales, where he served as an assistant priest, an experience he referred to as a "wonderful highlight of my career". In 1977-78 he undertook studies in religious education in New York. In 1978, he returned to Australia where he was appointed Director of Religious Education in the Diocese of Maitland (now the Diocese of Maitland-Newcastle). After being appointed parish priest of Maitland in 1983, he was promoted to Vicar-General, Diocesan Management and Administration in 1987. From 1990-95, Wilson studied canon law in Washington D.C., where he received a Licentiate of Canon Law, and was made a Prelate of Honour by Pope John Paul II.
Bishop of Wollongong
In 1996, Wilson was appointed to replace Bishop William Murray as Bishop of Wollongong, and on 10 July, he was consecrated by Cardinal Edward Clancy. Aged 45, Wilson became the youngest Catholic bishop in Australia.
During his time as Bishop of Wollongong, Wilson was tasked with dealing with an alleged culture of inadequate responses to child abuse by clergy within the diocese. Wilson's predecessor, Bishop Murray, had been criticised during public hearings of the Wood Royal Commission for not acting on allegations of sexual misconduct within the diocese and had admitted publicly that he did not know how to deal with them. Upon the delivery of the findings of the Wood Commission, Wilson issued a formal apology to the victims of abuse by clergy within the diocese.
Archbishop of Adelaide
In November 2000, Pope John Paul II appointed Wilson to the position of coadjutor archbishop of the Archdiocese of Adelaide, in anticipation of the retirement of Leonard Faulkner, who was Archbishop of Adelaide at the time. Aged only 50, his appointment made him the youngest Catholic archbishop in Australia. The announcement of Wilson's promotion brought praise for the him from public figures in Wollongong, with the Lord Mayor saying he had "...played a leading role in restoring the credibility of the Catholic Church here." Archbishop Faulkner described him as "...a very pastoral man and a man of the people and very gifted academically."
Wilson's welcome Mass, held at Adelaide's St Francis Xavier's Cathedral on 1 February 2001, was the first Mass in Australia to be broadcast on the internet, recording a reported 40,000 views. Wilson spend most of 2001 learning about the archdiocese while acting as coadjutor, and was installed at a Mass on 3 December, which was attended by about 35 bishops, more than 200 priests and the Governor of South Australia, Marjorie Jackson-Nelson. He celebrated Mass for the first time at St Francis Xavier's Cathedral on 9 December 2001.
In 2002, Wilson became the first Australian archbishop to be invited to address a session of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. The session was held in the wake of an emergency meeting between American bishops and Pope John Paul II regarding the sex-abuse crisis within the Church. Wilson was selected to address the conference because of his experience dealing with clerical crimes while bishop of Wollongong.
Allegations of mishandling the reported sexual abuse of children
In May 2010, Wilson came under scrutiny regarding two incidents relating to sexual abuse in the Diocese of Maitland-Newcastle.
The first of these cases related to the alleged sexual assault of two girls in 1985 by Father Dennis McAlinden, a priest in the diocese. Wilson, the diocese's vicar general at the time, was sent to speak to parents at the school where the assault was alleged to have taken place. The principal told the media that Wilson's response was to remove McAlindon from his position and to provide help for him. In fact, according to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), "McAlinden was ... transferred to a remote parish in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Over the next decade he sexually assaulted five more girls under the age of 10". In 1995, Wilson was again asked by Bishop Leo Clarke to deal with the case, requesting that he take statements from the alleged victims. Wilson took the statements and returned them to the bishop. The ABC reported that the statements were never provided to police and, instead, Clarke defrocked McAlinden, with the promise "that his 'good name' would be protected". In a statement to ABC in 2010, Wilson said he told Clarke that McAlinden should have been confronted in 1985 and, that as far as he was aware, this had occurred. He denied involvement in McAlinden's transfer to Western Australia or his defrocking.
The second set of allegations were revealed by the ABC's Lateline program in mid-May 2010. A victim of convicted paedophile James Fletcher (a priest in the Maitland-Newcastle diocese) alleged that Wilson should have been aware of, and did not act upon, Fletcher's sexually assaulting him. According to the ABC, "[The victim said] Archbishop Philip Wilson was a priest living in the bishop's house in Maitland when Fletcher was also living there in the late 1970s, and that Philip Wilson should have been aware that he was being sexually abused in Fletcher's upstairs bedroom." Wilson denied having any knowledge of the assault, and stated that he had not been living in the house at the time, but in a flat behind the residence.
In March 2015, NSW Police issued Wilson with a future court attendance notice. He faces a charge of allegedly "concealing a serious offence regarding child sexual abuse in the Hunter region", which is alleged to have occurred in 1976. Wilson immediately took indefinite leave and issued a statement saying he would: "vigorously defend my innocence through the judicial system". Wilson returned to work at the beginning of 2016. He had sought to have the court proceedings quashed or permanently stayed. This request was refused by a magistrate in February 2016, and the appeal was rejected by Justice Monika Schmidt in the Supreme Court of New South Wales on 14 October 2016, clearing the way for the trial to be heard.
- James, Colin (12 June 2002). "`Healing bishop' to help US priests with abuse crisis". Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "Biography - Archbishop Philip Wilson". The Archdiocese of Adelaide. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Devlin, Rebekah (3 May 2003). "Life lived for the glory of God". The Adelaide Advertiser.
- Devlin, Rebekah (1 December 2001). "In God he trusts". The Adelaide Advertiser.
- Hartgerink, Nick (2 December 2000). "Youngest Bishop Fulfilled Difficult Mission". Illawarra Mercury.
- McInerney, Paul (27 August 1997). "Bishop Regrets Events That Shocked Region". Illawarra Mercury.
- James, Colin (1 December 2000). "Pope appoints Adelaide's new Archbishop". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
- Turk, Louise (2 December 2000). "Higher Calling". Illawarra Mercury.
- "Community Leaders Pay Tribute". Illawarra Mercury. 2 December 2000.
- "Bishop Honoured". Illawarra Mercury. 20 December 2000.
- "Mass Internet audience". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. 21 January 2001.
- "The revolutionary ChurchCam". The Adelaide Advertiser. 12 February 2001.
- James, Colin (1 February 2001). "New archbishop hungry to learn". The Adelaide Advertiser.
- "Tickets remain for Installation Mass". Adelaide Advertiser. 26 November 2001.
- Crittenden, Stephen (18 May 2010). "Archbishop's handling of abuse claims challenged". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- Crittenden, Stephen; Smith, Suzanne (17 May 2010). "Archbishop under fire over alleged abuse cover-up" (Transcript). Lateline. Australia: ABC. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "Adelaide archbishop: Senator's interference in abuse case was 'unjust'". Catholic News Service. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Box, Dan (17 March 2015). "Adelaide Archbishop Philip Wilson charged with concealing sex abuse". The Australian. News Corp (Australia). Retrieved 17 March 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Staff Reporters (17 March 2015). "Catholic Archbishop of Adelaide Philip Wilson charged with failing to report child abuse by colleague in 1970s". The Advertiser (Adelaide). News Corp. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
I intend to vigorously defend my innocence through the judicial system and I have retained Senior Counsel, Mr Ian Temby AO, who will represent me in respect of it.
- "Adelaide's Catholic Archbishop fails to stop criminal case". InDaily. AAP. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
|Catholic Church titles|
William Edward Murray
|Bishop of Wollongong
1996 – 2001
|Archbishop of Adelaide
2001 – present