Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke
Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke FRS (9 March 1720 – 16 May 1790) was an English politician.
The eldest son of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, he was educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.He was appointed Teller of the Exchequer in 1738, a post he held for life. In 1741 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
During the political crisis over the loss of Minorca to the French in 1756, Lord Royston was tapped with collecting favourable press accounts of the ministry. He joined his father, as well as Lord Mansfield, to defend the Newcastle ministry during the parliamentary inquiries following the execution of Admiral John Byng.
He was styled Viscount Royston from 1754 till 1764, when he succeeded to the earldom on the death of his father. He inherited the Wimpole estate, Cambridgeshire which his father had bought from Edward Harley, Earl of Oxford.
In politics he supported the Rockingham Whigs. He was Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire (1757 to his death) and high steward of Cambridge University. He edited a quantity of miscellaneous state papers and correspondence, to be found in manuscript collections in the British Museum. Between 1756 and 1760, he served in the honorary position of vice president of the Foundling Hospital, a charitable institution providing for London's abandoned children.
With his brother, Charles Yorke, he was one of the chief contributors to Athenian Letters; or the Epistolary Correspondence of an agent of the King of Persia residing at Athens during the Peloponnesian War (4 vols., London, 1741), a work that for many years had a considerable vogue and went through several editions.
On 22 May 1740, he married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who became in her own right Marchioness Grey. They had two daughters:
- Lady Amabel Yorke (1750–1833), married Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth; no issue.
- Lady Mary Yorke (1757–1830), married the 2nd Baron Grantham and had issue.
He was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew Philip.
- "Yorke, Philip (YRK737P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Fellows Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- M. John Cardwell, Arts and Arms: Literature, Politics and Patriotism During the Seven Years War, (Manchester University Press, 2004), 50-1.
- Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis
- R. H. Nichols and F. A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital (London: Oxford University Press, 1935).
- "Yorke, Philip (1720-1790)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hardwicke, Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 944–946.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Reigate
With: James Cocks 1741–1747
Charles Cocks 1747
| Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
With: Soame Jenyns 1747–1754
Marquess of Granby 1754–1764
Marquess of Granby
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Sir Charles Turner, Bt
| Teller of the Exchequer
The Earl Bathurst
The Earl of Lincoln
| Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
The Earl of Hardwicke
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Earl of Hardwicke