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Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke

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The Earl of Hardwicke
Oil on canvas portrait
Lord Hardwicke in the robes of the Order of the Garter by Thomas Lawrence
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
27 April 1801 – 21 November 1805
MonarchGeorge III
Prime Minister
Preceded byThe Marquess Cornwallis
Succeeded byThe Earl of Powis
Member of Parliament
for Cambridgeshire
In office
Preceded bySir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Succeeded byCharles Philip Yorke
Personal details
Born(1757-05-31)31 May 1757
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Died18 November 1834(1834-11-18) (aged 77)
(m. 1782)
Alma materQueens' College, Cambridge
Garter-encircled arms of Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG, PC, FRS

Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, KG, PC, FRS (31 May 1757 – 18 November 1834), known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.

Background and education[edit]

Wimpole Hall

Born in Cambridge, England, he was the eldest son of Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor, by his first wife, Catherine Freman. He was educated at Harrow and Queens' College, Cambridge.[1]

On 31 January 1788 his uncle Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, as Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire, appointed him as Colonel of the Cambridgeshire Militia, a command which he held for many years, even after he had become Lord Lieutenant himself.[2][3]

In 1790 he succeeded his uncle to his earldom and estates, including Wimpole Hall.

Political career[edit]

Hardwicke was Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire from 1780 to 1790, following the Whig traditions of his family, but after his succession to the earldom in 1790 he supported William Pitt The Younger, and took office in 1801 as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1801–1806), where he supported Catholic emancipation. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801, created a Knight of the Garter in 1803, and was a fellow of the Royal Society.


Lord Hardwicke married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres, in 1782. They had four sons and four daughters.

Lord Hardwicke died on 18 Nov 1834, aged 77, and was buried St Andrew's Church in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, in a tomb by Richard Westmacott the Younger. As he had no surviving male issue, he was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew Charles. Lady Hardwicke died on 26 May 1858, aged 94.


  1. ^ "Yorke, Philip (YRK774P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ War Office, Militia List 1805 (incorrectly gives '1778' for the date).
  3. ^ London Gazette, 29 January 1788.
  • Duke of Buckingham: Memoirs of the Court and Cabinets of George III. 4 vols. London, 1853–1855
  • War Office, A List of the Officers of the Militia, the Gentlemen & Yeomanry Cavalry, and Volunteer Infantry of the United Kingdom, 11th Edn, London: War Office, 14 October 1805/Uckfield: Naval and Military Press, 2005, ISBN 978-1-84574-207-2.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
With: Lord Robert Manners 1780–1782
Sir Henry Peyton, Bt 1782–1789
James Whorwood Adeane 1789–1790
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Earl of Hardwicke
Succeeded by