Philip de' Medici

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Philip and his mother

Philip de' Medici (May 20, 1577 – March 29, 1582) was the youngest child of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria. He was the heir to the Tuscan throne.


Philip received his name in honour of the King Philip II of Spain. The birth was celebrated with great joy by all the court, because thus was secured the succession of the Grand Duchy for another generation and eliminated all the hopes of Bianca Cappello (his father's mistress) to have her "son" Antonio as heir of Tuscany. Philip became Grand Prince of Tuscany.

When he was not quite eleven months old, his mother died in an accident falling down the stairs of the ducal apartments while heavily pregnant. His father then married Bianca Cappello. Philip was one of seven children, but only two of the children survived till adulthood, Eleonora de' Medici and Marie de' Medici (who became queen consort of France). He had another sister Anna who died aged fourteen. Philip died on 29 March 1582; he was four years old, and suffered from hydrocephalus: when his skull was opened, the equivalent of about a glass of water came out. Recent study of his remains have confirmed the diagnosis.[1]



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  8. ^ a b Tomas, Natalie R. (5 July 2017). The Medici Women: Gender and Power in Renaissance Florence. Taylor & Francis. p. 248. ISBN 9781351885829. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Piferrer, Francisco; Rujula y Busel, Antonio (1859). Nobiliario de los reinos y señorios de España [Nobility of the kingdoms and lordships of Spain] (in Spanish). 3 (2nd ed.). Madrid: La Redaccion. p. 87. Retrieved 7 September 2018. 
  10. ^ a b "El Señorio de Villafranca de el Bierzo". Boletin de la Real Academia de la Historia. 179. Real Academia de la Historia. 1982. p. 67. 
  11. ^ a b Philip I, King of Castile at Encyclopædia Britannica
  12. ^ a b Priebatsch, Felix (1908), "Wladislaw II.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 54, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 688–696 
  13. ^ a b Revue de l'Agenais (in French). 4. Société des sciences, lettres et arts d'Agen. 1877. p. 497.