Philipp Karl Buttmann
He was educated in his native town and at the University of Göttingen, where he was a student of Christian Gottlob Heyne. In 1789 he obtained an appointment in the Royal Library of Berlin, and for a period of time, edited Spener's Journal. In 1800 he became a professor at the Joachimsthal Gymnasium in Berlin, a post he held for eight years. In 1806 he was admitted to the Academy of Sciences as a member of its historical-philological section. In 1811 he became first librarian at the Royal Library.
Buttmann's writings gave a great impetus to the scientific study of the Greek language. His Griechische Grammatik (1792) went through many editions, and was translated into English. His Lexilogus, a valuable study on some words of difficulty occurring principally in the poems of Homer and Hesiod, was published in 1818–1825, and was later translated into English and published as Lexilogus: or, a critical examination of the meaning and etymology of numerous Greek works and passages intended principally for Homer and Hesiod (1861).
Buttmann's other works were:
- Ausfuhrliche griechische Sprachlehre (2 vols, 1819–1827).
- Mythologus, a collection of essays (1828–1829).
- editions of some classical authors, the most important being Demosthenes' In Midiam (1823).
- the continuation of Spalding's edition of Quintilian.
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- ADB: Buttmann, Philipp Karl @ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie
- A History of Classical Scholarship: by John Edwin Sandys.
- WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by Ph Buttmann
- OCLC WorldCat 'Philipp Buttmann's Griechische Grammatik
- Google Books Lexilogus:
- HathiTrust Digital Library Lexilogus, oder, Beiträge zur griechischen Wort-Erklärung
- A History of Classical Philology by Harry Thurston Peck