Philippe of Belgium
Philippe in Antwerp, 2013
|King of the Belgians|
|Reign||21 July 2013 – present|
|Prime Ministers||Elio Di Rupo
15 April 1960 |
Belvédère Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
|Spouse||Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz (m. 1999)|
|House||Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Father||Albert II of Belgium|
|Mother||Paola Ruffo di Calabria|
Philippe[a] (French pronunciation: [fiˈlip], French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, Dutch: Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria, German: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria; born 15 April 1960) is the seventh King of the Belgians, having ascended the throne on 21 July 2013, following his father's abdication. He is the eldest child of King Albert II, whom he succeeded upon Albert's abdication for health reasons, and Queen Paola. He married Countess Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz (now Queen Mathilde), with whom he has four children. King Philippe's elder daughter, Princess Elisabeth, is next in the line of succession.
Philippe was born on 15 April 1960 during the reign of his uncle, King Baudouin of Belgium. His father, Prince Albert, Prince of Liège (later King Albert II) was the second son of King Leopold III of Belgium and a younger brother of Baudouin. His mother, Paola, Princess of Liège (later Queen Paola), is a daughter of Italian aristocrat Fulco VIII, Prince Ruffo di Calabria, 6th Duke of Guardia Lombarda. His mother descends from the French House of La Fayette, and the king is a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette and Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles.
He was born at the Belvédère Castle in Laeken north of Brussels. He was baptised one month later at the church of Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg in Brussels on 17 May, and named Philippe after his great-great-grandfather Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders. His godparents were his paternal grandfather, King Leopold III, and his maternal grandmother, Donna Luisa, Princess Ruffo di Calabria.
From 1978 to 1981, Philippe was educated at the Belgian Royal Military Academy in the 118th "Promotion Toutes Armes". On 26 September 1980, he was appointed second lieutenant and took the officer's oath.
He obtained his fighter pilot's wings and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, he attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to Colonel. On 25 March 2001, the Prince was appointed to the rank of Major-General in the Land Component and the Air Component and to the rank of Rear-Admiral in the Naval Component.
Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, daughter of a Walloon Count of Belgian noble family and female line descendant of Polish noble families such as the Princes Sapieha and Counts Komorowski, on 4 December 1999 in Brussels, in a civil ceremony at the Brussels Town Hall and a religious ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Michel in Brussels. They have four children:
- Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, born 25 October 2001
- Prince Gabriel, born 20 August 2003
- Prince Emmanuel, born 4 October 2005
- Princess Eléonore, born 16 April 2008
On 6 August 1993, the government named Philippe as Honorary Chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB). He succeeded his father, who had been Honorary Chairman of the BFTB since 1962. On 3 May 2003, Philippe was appointed Honorary chairman of the board of the Foreign Trade Agency, replacing the BFTB.
King Albert II announced on 3 July 2013 that he would abdicate in favour of Philippe on 21 July 2013. Approximately one hour after King Albert II's abdication, Prince Philippe was sworn in as King of the Belgians. His eldest child, Princess Elisabeth became his heir apparent and is expected to become Belgium's first queen regnant.
- 26 September 1980 – 21 March 1983:
- January – end March 1983: Platoon leader, 15th Comp., 3rd Parachutists Battalion of the Paracommando Regt
- 21 March 1983 – 1 December 1989:
- 1 December 1989 – 5 April 2001:
- 5 April 2001 – 25 March 2010:
- Since 15 March 2010:
- Since 21 July 2013 (Oath as King):
|Royal Military Acad.||Pilot Wings||Parachutist badge||Commando badge|
|123rd TAW (1978–1981)||9 July 1982||28 October 1982||17 December 1982|
Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 15 April 1960 – 9 August 1993: His Royal Highness Prince Philippe of Belgium
- 9 August 1993 – 21 July 2013: His Royal Highness The Duke of Brabant
- 21 July 2013 – present: His Majesty The King of the Belgians
- Grand Master and Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold I
- Grand Master of the Order of the African Star
- Grand Master of the Royal Order of the Lion
- Grand Master of the Order of the Crown
- Grand Master of the Order of Leopold II
- Argentina: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín
- Austrian Imperial and Royal Family: Knight with Collar of the Imperial and Royal Order of the Golden Fleece
- Bolivia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Condor of the Andes
- Denmark: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Elephant
- Finland: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the White Rose
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Special Class
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of Honour
- Hungary: Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
- Japan: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali
- Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of St. Olav
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Turkey: Member of the Decoration of the State of Republic of Turkey, 1st Class
- International Military Sports Council: Grand Cross of the International Military Sports Council Order of Merit
- Alternatively Filip in Dutch, and Philipp in German
- J.M. (8 May 2001). "Le baptême en l'église royale...". dh.be (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "Prince Philippe : la ligne du temps d'une vie passée devant les caméras". RTBF.be (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "The Belgian Monarchy". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "The Belgian Monarchy". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Agence pour le Commerce extérieur, Missions antérieures
- "Official Royal Website Archives". Monarchie.be. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Price, Matthew (3 July 2013). "Belgium's King Albert II announces abdication". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Belgium's King Albert II gives up throne to son". CNN. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
- Official 3Para page (French) evoking Prince Philippe
- Prince Philippe promoted, portrait
- Photo of Philippe as a Captain (3 stars) in the 3Para Battalion
- Prince Philippe gets married in his uniform of Colonel of the Belgian Air Force
- 21 July 2012, photo showing the commando badge, the blue wing of the parachutist badge under the ribbon of the Order of Leopold, the pilot wing, the omega sign of Royal Academy "Promotion toutes armes"
- Photo of Prince Philippe as a General-major showing his parachutist badge
- Senate, biography of senators including Prince Philippe, senator by right
- "Finnish President Visit To Belgium – Day One Pictures – Getty Images". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Belgian Lieutenancy's Official website, article evoking the decoration
- "The Belgian King Albert II (L) and Queen Paola (2ndL) and their eldest son, crown Prince Philippe of Belgium (C) are welcomed by Japanese Empress Michiko and Emperor Akihito, at the Imperial Palace... Pictures – Getty Images". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Nuevo duelo de reinas: una Rania muy demodé no puede con una Matilde sublime. Noticias de Casas Reales". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembou Pictures – Getty Images". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Norwegian Royals Make State Visit To Belgium Pictures – Getty Images". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Long Live all the magic we made.". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- gettyimages.co.uk, Philippe wearing Portuguese honours
- BOE: nom. 115, pg. 17721.  Real Decreto 775/2000. 13 May 2000.
- "King Philippe of Belgium presents Order of Leopold to President Erdogan". Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "Prince Philippe receives an international sportive prize". Mil.be. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Philippe of Belgium|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philippe of Belgium.|
- Official biography from the Belgian Royal Family website
- DHnet Article (French) about Prince Philippe's education and military career.
Philippe of BelgiumBorn: 15 April 1960
|King of the Belgians
Title last held byBaudouin
|Duke of Brabant