Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou

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Philippe was one of the three children of Louis XIV alive at the time the portrait of his family was painted, in 1670.

Philippe-Charles of France, Duke of Anjou (5 August 1668 – 10 July 1671) was the fifth child and second son of Louis XIV, King of France and his wife, the Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain, and as such was a Fils de France.

Life[edit]

Philippe-Charles de France was born at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, and titled duc d'Anjou at birth, a title previously held by Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans, his uncle and the younger brother of Louis XIV. He was baptised at the Chapelle des Tuileries à Paris on 24 March 1669.[1]

As a younger son of Louis XIV, Philippe-Charles was not expected to become the Dauphin; however, it was hoped he would inherit the vast fortune of his second cousin, Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, who had no children. According to Nancy Mitford, the Queen, his mother, suggested it many times. While at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Philippe-Charles died of a chest infection, like his elder sister, Anne-Élisabeth de France had died six years before his birth. Upon his death, the appanage of the Duchy of Anjou reverted to the Crown, and was given to his younger brother, Louis François. Philippe-Charles was buried on 12 July 1671, at the Basilica of Saint-Denis.[1]

At the death of the Duchess of Montpensier in 1693, her fortune went to her direct and legal heir, the House of Orléans (Philippe's uncle Philippe I, Duke of Orléans).

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Philippe de Bourbon". Roglo.eu. Retrieved January 4, 2012.[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Anselm de Guibours (1726). Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France [Genealogical and chronological history of the royal house of France] (in French). 1 (3rd ed.). Paris: La compagnie des libraires.
  3. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (Königin von Frankreich)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 152 – via Wikisource.
  4. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip IV., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ a b Leonie Frieda (14 March 2006). Catherine de Medici: Renaissance Queen of France. HarperCollins. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-06-074493-9. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  6. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Philip III., king of Spain" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  7. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Margaretha (Königin von Spanien)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 13 – via Wikisource.
Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou
Born: 5 August 1668 Died: 10 July 1671
French nobility
Preceded by
Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans
Duke of Anjou
1668-1671
Succeeded by
Louis-François de France