|Appointed||16 July 2002|
|Installed||14 September 2002|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio|
|Ordination||17 December 1977
by Robert Marie-Joseph François de Provenchères
|Consecration||22 November 1998
by Philibert Randriambololona
|Created Cardinal||21 October 2003|
|Birth name||Philippe Xavier Ignace Barbarin|
17 October 1950 |
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Philippe Xavier Christian Ignace Marie Barbarin (born 17 October 1950) is a French cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, currently serving as Archbishop of Lyon in France. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003.
Early life and ordination
Barbarin was born in 1950 in Rabat, Morocco, then a French protectorate, into a large family (six sisters, two of whom are nuns, and four brothers). Barbarin studied for the priesthood in Paris. He was ordained on 17 December 1977 by Bishop Robert de Provenchères of Créteil.
Bishop and Archbishop
On 1 October 1998, he was appointed Bishop of Moulins, and received his episcopal consecration on the following 22 November from the Jesuit Archbishop Philibert Randriambololona of Fianarantsoa (with Bishops André Quélen and Daniel Labille serving as co-consecrators). Barbarin was named Archbishop of Lyon on 16 July 2002.
As is customary for archbishops of Lyon, Monsignor Barbarin was promptly elevated to the Cardinalate. He was created Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 21 October 2003. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI and the 2013 conclave which elected Pope Francis. He is eligible to participate in any conclave that begins on or before his 80th birthday on 17 October 2030.
In addition to his native French, Barbarin speaks Italian, English, Spanish, German, and Malagasy.
In 2010, Barbarin created a program at the diocesan seminary to prepare for the priesthood any Francophone candidate who wished, in accordance with the tradition in which he was raised, to celebrate Mass according to the 1962 extraordinary form of the Roman Rite.
In November 2012, as France prepared to legalize same-sex marriage, he told Osservatore Romano: "Everyone knows marriage is the union between a man and a woman. The parliaments of the 21st century cannot change that.... I and many other priests are engaged in dialogue with a number of homosexual people. They know they are loved and that they will always be welcome. I would remind them however that God watches over and says to everyone: 'You are precious in my eyes.' I hope that everyone listens to Christ's call and are helped to reciprocate."
He has been "at the forefront of Islamic-Christian dialogue". In 2013, accompanied by the Imam of Lyon, he visited the village of Tibhirine, Algeria, where some Trappist monks were assassinated in 1996. In July 2014, he visited Mosul and Erbil and other villages in Iraq as well as refugee camps for displaced Christians.
Cardinal Barbarin suffered a double heart infarction in the plane from Lyon to 2013 World Youth Day in Rio de Janeiro. He was taken to a hospital in Cayenne, French Guiana, where he received a coronary angiography. He was transferred to Fort de France, Martinique, where he underwent a triple bypass operation on 23 July 2013.
Sexual abuses under his watch
Barbarin has been criticized for allegedly covering up sexual abuses committed by one of his priests, which is a crime under French law. As of February 2016 Barbarin, four of his subordinates and Cardinal Gerhard Ludwig Müller, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in the Vatican, are the defendants in a lawsuit by the abuse victims. A judge is conducting a preliminary inquiry. In a March 2016 press conference, Cardinal Barbarin stated that, "thanks to God", most of the abuses fall under the statute of limitations.
- 30 Days in the Church and the World magazine: "Interview with Cardinal Philippe Barbarin: The lights of Lyon" January – February 2009
- "La Maison Sainte-Blandine, un an après" (in French). Archdiocese of Lyon. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- "Card. Barbarin: 'Parliaments cannot change the essence of marriage'". Vatican Insider (La Stampa). 29 November 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- Bernadelli, Geiorgio (21 July 2015). "Bishops of Rhône-Alpes call for tetraplegic man not to be taken off life support". Vatican Insider (La Stampa). Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- Bernadelli, Giorgio (31 July 2014). "Iraq: Cardinal Barbarin stands by Mosul's refugees". Vatican Insider (La Stampa). Retrieved 31 October 2015.
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Louis-Marie Cardinal Billé
|Archbishop of Lyon
16 July 2002–present