Philippe Bourgois (born 1956) is a Richard Perry University Professor of Anthropology & Family and Community Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as founding Chair of the Department of Anthropology, History and Social Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco from 1998 through 2003. A student of Eric Wolf and influenced by the work of French social theorists Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault, he is considered an important proponent of neo-Marxist theory and of critical medical anthropology. His most recent book Righteous Dopefiend was co-authored with Jeff Schonberg and was published in June, 2009 by the University of California Press in their “Public Anthropology” series. It is based on 12 years of participant-observation research with a social network of homeless heroin injectors and crack smokers surviving on the streets of San Francisco six blocks from his home. The book won the 2010 Anthony Leeds Prize for Urban Anthropology and is a 'photo-ethnography' interweaving over 60 black-and-white photographs with transcribed dialogue, fieldwork notes and critical anthropological theory and analysis. Bourgois' previous book was based on five years living with his family next to a crack house in East Harlem during the mid-1980s through the early 1990s: In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio. It won the 1996 C. Wright Mills Award and the 1997 Margaret Mead Award among others. He has also conducted research in Central America on ethnicity and social unrest and is the author of Ethnicity at Work: Divided Labor on a Central American Banana Plantation (1989) which was based on two years of living in the workers' barracks of a Chiquita Brands banana plantation spanning the borders of Costa Rica and Panama. 
Bourgois received a bachelor's degree in Social Studies from Harvard College in 1978. He was awarded a master's degree in Development Economics (1980) and a Ph.D. in Anthropology (1985) from Stanford University. He spent a year as a postdoctoral fellow at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1985-6.
In graduate school he worked for the Agrarian Reform ministry in Nicaragua (1980) during the Sandinista revolution and was a human rights activist on Capitol Hill advocating against military aid to the government of El Salvador in 1982. His first academic job was as Assistant Professor in the Anthropology Department at Washington University in St. Louis (1986-1988) followed by 10 years at San Francisco State University (1988-1998) and a decade at the University of California, San Francisco. He has also been a Fulbright Research professor in Costa Rica (1993-1994) and a Visiting Scholar at the Russel Sage Foundation (1990-1991) and at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (2003-2004) 
In addition to his three ethnographies Bourgois has published four edited volumes, including Violence in War and Peace (2004 Blackwell), co-edited with Nancy Scheper-Hughes. He published an ethnographic study of East Harlem crack dealers,In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio (Cambridge University Press. 2003). Bourgois is also the author of over 150 academic and popular press articles addressing segregation in the U.S. inner city, homelessness, gender violence, immigration and labor conflict, substance abuse, HIV, and intimate violence. He also published an article on his father's escape from Auschwitz ("Missing the Holocaust").
Much of Bourgois's work examines how macro-power forces shape individual behavior and intimate relations. Since the mid-1990s his research has been funded by HIV prevention grants from the National Institutes of Health and has focused on the survival strategies of homeless drug users. Since moving to the University of Pennsylvania in 2007 he has initiated fieldwork on drugs and violence among street youth in North Philadelphia.
- See e.g. the introduction to Bourgois, Philippe. 2002. "The violence of moral binaries: Response to Leigh Binford." Ethnography 3(2): 221-231
- Public Anthropology
- Bourgois' academic CV, http://philippebourgois.net/
- Bourgois, Philippe. "Missing the Holocaust: My Fathers Account of Auschwitz from August 1943 to June 1944". Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- McGee, R.J. and R.L. Warms, Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History. McGraw Hill, Boston, 2004. (ISBN 0-07-284046-3)
- Conniff, Michael L. Review of Ethnicity at Work: Divided Labor on a Central American Banana Plantation. The American Historical Review, Vol. 96, No. 1 (Feb., 1991), pp. 297-298.
- Bowen, Paulle, 2003 “Philippe Bourgois in Amsterdam: An Interview.” Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift 30:4:544-574.
- Bourgois' webpage
- Being a Public Anthropologist: An Interview with Philippe Bourgois
- Bourgois at University of Pennsylvania