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|Born||5 July 1932
|Died||26 September 1979
|Years of service||1953-1979|
|Commands held||2 REP|
|Awards||Commander of the Légion d'honneur|
Philippe Louis Edmé Marie François Erulin (5 July 1932, Dole, Jura – 26 September 1979) was a French Army officer. He gained notoriety in Algeria for allegedly taking part in the torture of Henri Alleg, and in Zaire for leading the Battle of Kolwezi.
Erulin graduated from the ESMIA on 29 September 1952. He was attached to a Military Police regiment. On 1 February 1953, he was promoted to corporal, and to sergeant on 1 April.
On 1 April 1961, Erulin was promoted to Captain. On 1 June 1962, he was put at the head of the 6th company of the 153rd motorised infantry regiment. On July 1968, he rose to major, and to lieutenant-colonel on 1 October 1973.
On 1 July 1976, Erulin was promoted to full colonel, and received command of the 2 REP, in Calvi. In this capacity, he led the regiment during the Battle of Kolwezi. During this period, he had Ante Gotovina as his personal driver.
The battle raised Erulin's mediatic profile and brought back the torture of Alleg to the foreground of public debate, with an article in Le Monde on 18 March 1978, and a television broadcast on Les Dossiers de l'Ecran, where René Andrieu mentioned Alleg's ordeal.
Erulin died of a heart attack in 1979 while still a serving officer
- Commander of the Légion d'honneur
- Croix de la Valeur militaire (4 citations)
- Overseas Medal with "Zaire" clasp
- Croix de la bravoure militaire with palm (Zaire)
- Croix du combattant
- Chevalier dans l'ordre du Mérite agricole
- Commemorative Medal for the Middle East (1956)
- North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal with "Algérie" clasp (1958)
- Insigne des blessés militaires (twice)
- Médaille de bronze de la Jeunesse et des Sports
- Zaïre : sauver Kolwezi, by Philipe Erulin, Édition Montbel (Photo album)
Sources and references
- Les débats autour de la guerre d'Algérie à travers le journal Le Monde, by Philippe Salson, June 2001