Philippe Mius d’Entremont
|Philippe Mius d’Entremont, 1st Baron of Pobomcoup|
Philippe Mius d’Entremont was born in Normandy, France, and came to Acadia with his family in 1651 as a lieutenant-major with Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, who had been named Governor of Acadia by Louis XIII of France first in 1631, and again by Louis XIV in 1651. The governor in July 1653 awarded him one of the few fiefs to constitute territory in North America, the first in Acadia, and the second in all Canada, the Barony of Pobomcoup. Pobomcoup, meaning in Mi'kmaq "land from which the trees have been removed to fit it for cultivation", extended from Cap-Nègre (Clyde River) to Cap-Fourchu (Yarmouth). He promoted agriculture on his seigneury and brought to his estate several indentured workers and a few families from Port-Royal. The settlement and d'Entremont's residence were established at Pubnico, the modern spelling of Pobomcoup. Pubnico is considered the oldest village in Nova Scotia still occupied by the Acadians, and also the oldest village in Canada still occupied by the descendants of its founder.
In 1654, d'Entremont was captured by Major General Robert Sedgwick when he added Acadia to the British dominions after capturing the forts of Saint John, Port Royal, and the settlement of Penobscot. He did not resurface with his family until the colony was restored to France in 1670. At this time he was created a procureur du roi (King's attorney) in Acadia by Governor Hector d'Andigné de Grandfontaine, a post he retained until 1687. At an advanced age, he left his seigneurial estate, bequeathing the title of baron to his eldest son Jacques, and resided with his eldest daughter until he died in 1701.
The barony of Pobomcoup remained in the family until the Expulsion of the Acadians that began in 1755 by the British.
Philippe married Madeleine Hélie in Normandy and had the following issue:
- Marguerite Mius d'Entremont (1649–1714), married Pierre Melanson, founder of Grand-Pré
- Jacques Mius d'Entremont, 2nd Baron of Pobomcoup (1654–1736), married Anne de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, daughter of Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour
- Abraham Mius d'Entremont (1658–1702), married Marguerite de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, sister of Anne de Saint-Étienne de la Tour
- Philippe Mius d'Azy (1660- ), married a Mi'kmaq woman named Marie Coyoteblanc and became the progenitor of the Meuse and Muise families
- Madeleine Mius d'Entremont (1669- ), did not marry
- Sieur Philippe Mius d'Entremont, Baron of Pobomcoup At Musée Acadien
- Statue of Baron Philippe Mius d'Entremont
- Philippe Mius d'Entremont – Founder of Pubnico
- Cormier, Clément (1979) . "Mius d'Entremont, Philippe". In Brown, George Williams. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. I (1000–1700) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- "The Pubnicos". Yarmouth. Retrieved 23 Jan 2015.
- "BRIEF HISTORY OF PUBNICO". Musée des Acadiens des Pubnicos et Centre de recherche. Retrieved 22 Jan 2015.
- "Fortune & La Tour" – Page 197; and "Jeanne Motin" – Dictionary of Canadian Biography: George MacBeath