In 1970 he formed a trio with Jean-Jacques Kantorow and Jacques Rouvier. Not only with this trio, but also with groups such as the Ensemble Intercontemporain, he has performed on the most important stages in the world.
In 1979 he was appointed Professor of cello at the most prestigious Paris Conservatoire, succeeding his teacher André Navarra. After thirty-five years of teaching at the Paris Conservatoire, he now continues his career as a professor at the prestigious Manhattan School of Music in New York City. His pupils include Gautier Capuçon, Henri Demarquette, François Salque, Marc Coppey, Emmanuelle Bertrand, Xavier Phillips, Raphaël Pidoux, Jérôme Pernoo, Ophelie Gaillard, Friedrich Kleinhapl, Alexander Gebert, Sung-Won Yang, Pablo de Naverán, Dimitri Maslennikov, Christian-Pierre La Marca, Katharina Deserno, Bruno Delepelaire, Aurelien Pascal, Camille Thomas, Yan Levionnois, Edgar Moreau, Hee-Young Lim, Sophia Bacelar.
Aside from his teaching duties, he is also frequently invited to serve as a jury member for the most prestigious international cello competitions, f.e. Concours de violoncelle Rostropovitch, International Paulo Cello Competition, Grand Prix Emanuel Feuermann, Pablo Casals International Cello Competition, Isang Yun Competition, George Enescu International Competition, Beijing International Music Competition.
- Ravel - Trios and Sonatas (Erato, 1974)
- Stravinsky - Songs (Deutsche Grammophon, 1991)
- Schoenberg - Suite op.29, etc. (Sony Classical, 1993)
- Schoenberg - Serenade, Five Pieces for Orchestra (Sony Classical, 1993)
- Offenbach - Cello Duets (Arion, 1993)
- Telemann - Cantatas & Fantaisies (Adda, 1993)
- Schubert - Trout Quintet, Piano Trio no.1 (Viola, 1996)
- Bach - Les 6 suites pour violoncelle seul (Passavant Music, 2008)
- "Philippe Muller, Cellist". ICS. Retrieved 21 March 2013.