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Nozières studied at École Normale Supérieure in Paris and conducted research at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey. He has served as a professor at the University of Paris and at the University of Grenoble. His research is currently based at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble.
Nozières’ work has been concerned with various facets of the many-body problem. He made major contributions to understand the fundamental theory of solids, especially to the behavior of electrons in metals. In a short period, he has contributed profoundly to the concept of quasiparticles and its relation to Fermi liquids, to the dynamics of local systems in metals, to irreversible phenomena in quantum physics. Through his book (N-body problem) and his research, he has established a French school in solid state physics during the last 20 years whose influence extends all over the world. His work currently focuses on crystal growth and surface physics.
In 1984/85, Nozières was awarded the Wolf Prize in Physics, along with Conyers Herring of Stanford University, for "their major contributions to the fundamental theory of solids, especially of the behaviour of electrons in metals".