Philippe de Rullecourt

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Philipe de Rullecort
Born (1744-07-09)9 July 1744
Died 7 January 1781(1781-01-07) (aged 36)
Allegiance  Kingdom of France
Service/branch French Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Franco-Dutch Invasion of Jersey
Battle of Jersey
Awards Baron of Rullecourt
The Peirson pub, where Rullecourt died from wounds received in battle.
Memorial stone of Baron de Rullecourt in Saint Helier Parish churchyard where the Baron was buried

Philippe de Rullecourt was a French soldier who became a general of the Kingdom of France. In 1781, he was mortally wounded commanding the attempted invasion of Jersey at the Battle of Jersey.


Philipe Charles Félix Macquart was born in Artois in a wealthy family originating in Orléans. His title "Baron de Rullecourt" was self-bestowed, and was a soldier for hire. He was placed in command of French troops during the 1779 failed invasion of Jersey, as second-in-command to the Prince of Nassau-Siegen.

Two years later, he launched another invasion attempt on Jersey. His second-in-command Mir Sayyad advised him to ransack the island and to kill all civilians, but instead the commander captured the governor Moses Corbet, and used him as a tool to try and engineer a British surrender. But the British soldiers on the island refused to surrender, and Philippe was mortally wounded in the following battle in which the British outnumbered the French. Rullecourt died a day later of his wounds, in the modern-day Peirson Pub. He had failed in his attempt to bluff the British into surrender.