Philippeville

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Philippeville
Municipality
Philippeville's main square
Philippeville's main square
Coat of arms of Philippeville
Coat of arms
Philippeville is located in Belgium
Philippeville
Philippeville
Location in Belgium
Location of Philippeville in the province of Namur
Philippeville Namur Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°12′N 04°33′E / 50.200°N 4.550°E / 50.200; 4.550Coordinates: 50°12′N 04°33′E / 50.200°N 4.550°E / 50.200; 4.550
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Namur
Arrondissement Philippeville
Government
 • Mayor Jacques Rousselle (PS)
 • Governing party/ies PS, IC-CDH
Area
 • Total 156.71 km2 (60.51 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total 9,239
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Postal codes 5600
Area codes 071
Website www.philippeville.be

Philippeville (French pronunciation: ​[filibvil]) is a Walloon city and municipality located in Belgium in the province of Namur. The Philippeville municipality includes the old communes of Fagnolle, Franchimont, Jamagne, Jamiolle, Merlemont, Neuville, Omezée, Roly, Romedenne, Samart, Sart-en-Fagne, Sautour, Surice (Wallonia), Villers-en-Fagne, Villers-le-Gambon, and Vodecée.

History[edit]

The foundation of Philippeville[edit]

At the beginning of the 16th century, the Philippeville region was on the boundary between Charles V’s Burgundian Netherlands and Francis I’s France. Fighting around Philippeville did not start, however, until 1554, after Henry II had succeeded his father on the throne. This area was ideal for an attack as it was covered with forests, sparsely populated and divided among the County of Hainaut, that of Namur, by now part of Burgundy, and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The medieval forts in the area were taken and pillaged one after the other. The fortress of Mariembourg, close to Couvin, and the town of Givet soon fell to the French. In 1555, Charles V's new commander, William the Silent, established a new fort in the village of Echerennes, a village known since the 9th century. He garrisoned his troops there as soon as the fort was completed, barely four months after the start of construction.

In 1556, Charles V named his new fortress Philippeville in honour of his son, Philip II of Spain, who would succeed him in the Netherlands – and on the city – the following year.

From 1557 to present[edit]

In 1659, the Treaty of the Pyrenees stopped the Franco-Spanish War (1635–59) and most frontier cities became French, until Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo. Philippeville itself was one of the final French fortresses to surrender following Waterloo in 1815. There was then a brief Dutch interlude until the Belgian Revolution in 1830.

A treaty drafted in London on 15 November 1831,[2] which the Netherlands refused to sign, was followed by the Treaty of London (1839), which created the Kingdom of Belgium. Part of the terms of the treaty required the Philippeville's fortifications, along with those of Menin, Ath, Mons and Mariembourg, to be dismantled. Philippeville's defensive walls were dismantled in 1856 under the reign of King Leopold I, in accordance with the terms of the treaty, having been declared superfluous on account of Belgium's enforced neutrality, and have been replaced by the wide boulevards that circle the city today.

Sights[edit]

  • Ten kilometres of underground passages dating from the foundation of the city can still be explored under Philippeville. Some sections are open to tourists.

Born in Philippeville[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]