Philippine Bar Examination

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The Philippine Bar Examination is the professional licensure examination for lawyers in the Philippines. The exam is exclusively administered by the Supreme Court of the Philippines through the Supreme Court Bar Examination Committee.[1]

Brief history[edit]

The first Philippine Bar Exams was conducted in 1901 with only thirteen (13) examinees. The third Philippine Bar Exam took place in 1903 but the results were released in 1905. José I. Quintos obtained the highest rating of 96.33%, Sergio Osmeña, Sr. was second with 95.66%, F. Salas was third with 94.5% and Manuel L. Quezon fourth with 87.83%. The first bar exam in 1901 has only 13 examinees, while the 2008 bar examination is the 107th (given per Article 8, Section 5, 1987 Constitution). The 2016 bar exam had the highest number of passers 3747 out of 6344 (59.06 percent) examinees, However, the Supreme Court of the Philippines' Office of the Bar Confidant announced that (a new and official record of) 7,227 candidates will take the 2017 Bar examinations.[2]

Past Bar examinations were conducted every September at De La Salle University, however, due to security concerns after the 2010 Philippine Bar exam bombing, The Supreme Court moved the examinations to University of Santo Tomas every November.

The most notable was the 1999 bar examinations which recorded the lowest passing rate of 16.59% or with a total number of 660 successful examinees. Also, the 2003 bar exam was marred by controversy when the Court ordered a retake of the Mercantile law due to questionnaire leakage.[3] In 2005, the High Tribunal implemented the "five-strike" rule, which disqualifies five-time flunkers from taking future bar exams.[4]

Admission requirements[edit]

A bar candidate must meet the following academic qualifications:

  • Holder of a professional degree in law from a recognized law school in the Philippines[5]
  • Holder of a bachelor's degree with academic credits in certain required subjects from a recognized college or university in the Philippines or abroad.[6]

He or she should also meet certain non-academic requisites:[7]

  • A Filipino citizen.
  • At least twenty-one (21) years of age.
  • A resident of the Philippines.
  • Satisfactory evidence of good moral character (usually a certificate from the dean of law school or an immediate superior at work).
  • No charges involving moral turpitude have been filed against the candidate or are pending in any court in the Philippines.

In March 2010 the Philippine Supreme Court Issued Bar Matter 1153 amending provisions in sec 5 and 6 of rule 138 of the rules of court now allowing Filipino foreign law school graduates to take the bar exam provided that they comply with the following: a. completion of all courses leading to a degree of Bachelor of laws or its equivalent b. recognition or accreditation of the law school by proper authority c. completion of all fourth year subjects in a program of a law school duly accredited by the Philippine Government d. present proof of completing a separate bachelor's degree

Committee of Bar Examiners[edit]

The Supreme Court appoints memberships in the Committee of Bar Examiners, the official task force for formulating bar exam questions, instituting policy directives, executing procedures, grading bar examination papers, and releasing the results of the annual bar examination.[8]

The committee is chaired by an incumbent Justice of the Supreme Court, who is designated by the Supreme Court to serve for a term of one year. The members of the committee includes eight (8) members of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, who also hold office for a term of one year.[8] While the Justice who shall act as Chairman is immediately known, committee members must exert every effort to conceal their identities until the oath-taking of the successful bar examinees, approximately six months after the bar exam.[8]

Bar review programs[edit]

Candidates who meet all the admission requirements usually enroll in special review classes after graduating from law school. These programs are held from April to September in law schools, colleges, universities, and review centers.

Program schedule, content, and delivery differs from one review program to another. Lecturers in these programs are called bar reviewers. They are usually full-time professors and part-time professorial lecturers in law schools and universities. Most review programs invite incumbent and retired justices and high ranking public officials both as a marketing tool and as a program innovation.[9]

Coverage[edit]

Bar examinations is conducted during all four Sundays of the month of November. Two bar subjects shall be taken every week, one is scheduled in the morning while another is in the afternoon. The examination covers the following topics and their associated subtopic, popularly known as the bar subjects:[10]

Grading system[edit]

The eight bar subjects are separately graded. Each subject contributes to the general average in the following proportion:[11]

Subject Weight'
Civil Law 15%
Labor Law and Social Legislation 10%
Mercantile Law 15%
Criminal Law 10%
Political and International Law 15%
Taxation 10%
Remedial Law 20%
Legal Ethics and Practical Exercises 5%

The passing average fixed by law is 75%, with no grade falling below 50% in any bar subject.[11]

Passing average vs. Passing rate[edit]

The passing average is the minimum grade in the exam required to be admitted to the practice of law. The passing rate is the proportion of total number of bar passers in relation to the total number of bar examinees. It is usually computed on two levels—the national level (national bar passing rate), and the law school level (law school passing rate).

In the past, passing averages were considerably lower to admit more new lawyers (i.e. 69% in 1947, 69.45% in 1946, 70% in 1948). Since 1982, the passing average has been fixed at 75%. This has led to a dramatic decrease in the national passing rate of bar examinees, from an all-time high of 75.17% in 1954 to an all-time low of 16.59% in 1999 (all-time low should have been the single digit 5% national passing rate for the 2007 bar examination if the Supreme Court did not lower the passing average to 70% and lowered the disqualification rate in 3 subjects). In recent years, the annual national bar passing rate ranges from 20% to 30%.[12]

Law school passing rates[edit]

The most recent ranking (December 2015) for the top ten law schools in the Philippines by the Legal Education Board is based on the cumulative performance of law schools in the 2012, 2013 and 2014 Bar Examinations. The list only included law schools which had 20 or more examinees:[13]

  1. University of the Philippines (73.71%)
  2. Ateneo de Manila University (67.55%)
  3. San Beda College-Manila (67.13%)
  4. University of San Carlos (58.00%)
  5. Ateneo de Davao University (53.02%)
  6. University of Santo Tomas (43.98%)
  7. University of Cebu (41.49%)
  8. San Beda College-Alabang (39.10%)
  9. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (35.80%)
  10. Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan (32.20%)

Role of the Supreme Court, Criticisms[edit]

In 2007, only 5% (of the 5,626 who took the 2007 tests, or less than 300) got the passing grade of 75%. Thus, the Supreme Court adjusted the standard to 70% and the disqualification rate in 3 subjects (civil, labor and criminal law) from 50 to 45%. Accordingly, 1,289 or 22.91%, "passed." This passing grade reduction is highly unusual, since it last happened in the 1981 exam when the passing grade was lowered to 72.5%. Prior to 1982, the passing mark jumped unpredictably from year to year: 69.45 percent in 1946; 69 in 1947; 70 in 1948, 1963, 1972 and 1974; 71 in 1961; 71.5 in 1953, 1964 and 1965; 72 in 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 and 1967; 72.5 in 1954, 1962 and 1981; 73 in 1950, 1956, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1975, 1978 and 1980; 73.5 in 1955 and 1979; 74 in 1949, 1951, 1952, 1966, 1971, 1973 and 1977; and 74.5 in 1976. In 1954, the Court lowered the passing grade to 72.5%, even if the passing percentage was already at its highest at 75.17%. In 1999, moves to lower the passing grade to 74% failed, after Justice Fidel Purisima, bar committee chairman failed to disclose that his nephew took the examination. He was censured and his honoraria was reduced to half.[14]

Bar topnotchers[edit]

Bar topnotchers are bar examinees who garnered the highest bar exam grades in a particular year. Every year, the Supreme Court releases the bar top ten list. The list contains the names of bar examinees who obtained the ten highest grades. It is possible for more than ten examinees to place in the top ten because numerical ties in the computation of grades usually occur.[15]

From 1913 to 2016, schools which have produced bar topnotchers (1st placers) are as follows:[15]

Two bar examinees topped the bar exams without officially graduating from any Philippine law school:[15]

  • Jose W. Diokno - former Senator of the Philippines; 1st placer, 1945 bar exams. Mr. Diokno, who tied for Number One with former Senate President Jovito Salonga in the 1945 Bar Exams, would have graduated from the University of Santo Tomas had not World War II supervened. Mr. Diokno's success in the bar exams is further underscored by the fact that he was also under-age[16] and that he also placed number 1 in the 1940 CPA Board exams which he took while in law school, summa cum laude[17] after graduating from then De La Salle College[18] at the age of 17. This double number 1 feat may never be paralleled. The closest may have been Cesar L. Villanueva (from the Ateneo Law School) who placed second in the 1981 Bar Exams and sixth place in the 1982 CPA Board Exams and Reginald Laco (from the De La Salle Lipa Law School) who placed fourth in the 2015 Bar Exams and second in the 2009 CPA Board Exams.[19]
  • Carolina C. Griño-Aquino - former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court; 1st placer, 1950 bar exams. Ms. Aquino (who later became the wife of Mr. Ramon Aquino, 6th placer in 1939 Bar Exams) was a special student of the UP College of Law, where she finished her last two years of law school having taken her first two years of law school at the Colegio de San Agustin in Iloilo. Ms. Aquino was advised to take her last two years of law school in UP by Colegio de San Agustin Law Dean Felipe Ysmael. Coincidentally, Mr. Ysmael (a UP Law graduate himself) placed number 1 in the 1917 Bar Exams. Since Ms. Aquino only took her last two years of law at UP, she can't be certified as an official UP law graduate.[16] Both spouses Aquino (in addition to being topnotchers) also served as Justices of the Supreme Court.[20]

In the past, non-law school graduates were allowed to take the bar. However, the Revised Rules of Court and Supreme Court Circulars allow Filipino graduates of Philippine law schools (and subject to certain conditions, Filipino graduates of foreign law schools) to take the bar, necessarily excluding non-law graduates and foreigners who have law degrees from taking part in the exercise.[5]

While not a guarantee for topping the bar, academic excellence in law school is a good indicator of an examinee's fortune in the bar exams. Ateneo Law School's only summa cum laude graduate, Claudio Teehankee, placed number one in the 1940 Bar Exams.[15] It is worth noting that Teehankee's son, Manuel Antonio, followed in his footsteps by graduating at the top of his Ateneo Law School class (albeit, not as summa cum laude) and placing first in the 1983 bar exams. Claudio's nephew, Enrique (a cum laude graduate from the UP College of Law), also placed number one in the 1976 bar exams. Claudio eventually became Supreme Court Chief Justice, Manuel was formerly Department of Justice Undersecretary and Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the World Trade Organization in Geneva, Switzerland while Enrique is a successful private practitioner.

This father-son-nephew feat has yet to (and, perhaps, may never) be equalled in the annals of Philippine Bar. For siblings, the closest is when Manuel B. Zamora, Jr. placed third in the 1961 Bar Exams and younger brother Ronaldo placed first in the 1969 Bar Exams.

The UST Faculty of Civil Law's sole summa cum laude graduate, Roberto B. Concepcion, placed first in the 1924 Bar Exams.[15] He later served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

The San Beda College[21] of Law's sole magna cum laude graduate, Florenz Regalado,[22] ranked 1st in the 1954 Bar exams with a mark of 96.70%. The record is the highest average in the Philippine Bar Examinations, to date. Regalado later served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

The UP College of Law (which has yet to produce a summa cum laude graduate) had five of its seventeen magna cum laude graduates (the College of Law first conferred the honor to Rafael Dinglasan in 1925 and, to date, last conferred the same honor to Dionne Marie Sanchez in 2007) place number one in their respective bar exams: Rafael Dinglasan in 1925, Lorenzo Sumulong in 1929, Deogracias Eufemio in 1962, Roberto San Jose in 1966 and Ronaldo Zamora in 1969.[15] Dinglasan became a Judge of the Court of First Instance of Manila, Sumulong became Senator of the Republic and a renowned statesman, Eufemio and San Jose established their respective successful private law practices while Zamora became Executive Secretary to then President Joseph Estrada and is currently the Minority Leader in the House of Representatives.

Highest and lowest topnotcher grades[edit]

A standard was created in 1940, when Claudio Teehankee (future Supreme Court Chief Justice), from the Ateneo Law School, got a grade of 94.35% when he topped the examinations. This record was obliterated four years later in 1944 when Jovito Salonga and Jose W. Diokno tied with the highest score of 95.3%. This was the first time that first place ended in a tie. When they took the 1944 Bar Exams, Atty. Salonga was an undergraduate at the UP College of Law while Atty. Diokno (future Senator) was an undergraduate of the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law. After passing the bar, Atty. Salonga (future Senate President) went back to UP to complete his bacholer's degree in law, earning it in 1946. The only other instance of a tie at first place of the bar exams was when Edwin Enrile (salutatorian of his Ateneo Law School class) and Florin Hilbay (an honor student of the UP College of Law) both garnered the same score in 1999. Atty. Enrile served as Deputy Executive Secretary to President Gloria Arroyo and as a Professorial Lecturer at the Ateneo Law School while Atty. Hilbay is a Professor of Law at the UP College of Law and the current Solicitor General.[16] After another four years, the "bar" was raised a few notches when Manuel G. Montecillo of the Far Eastern University Institute of Law got a grade of 95.50% when he bested all the bar examinees of 1948. The following year, another record was set when Anacleto C. Mañgaser, an alumnus of the Philippine Law School, got a grade of 95.85% when he topped the 1949 bar exams.

The lowest grade was obtained by Ateneo Law School's Mercedita L. Ona, 83.55%, 2007, which erased the prior record of 84.10%, obtained by Adolfo Brillantes of Escuela de Derecho de Manila (now Manila Law College Foundation) in 1920.[15][23] Atty. Ona was the just the latest of women first placers. In 1930, Tecla San Andres (an alumna of the UP College of Law and future Senator) broke the proverbial "glass ceiling" when she became the first woman to top the bar with a grade of 89.4%. Ameurfina A. Melencio (also an alumna of the UP College of Law and who later became a Justice of the Supreme Court) has the highest grade of all female bar topnotchers in recorded history, when she obtained a 93.85% rating in 1947.

Below is a listing of all 100 first-placers (from 1913 to 2014) ranked from highest to lowest in terms of rating obtained. It should be noted however that bar ratings are not exactly comparable from year-to-year as the difficulty of the exams varies through the years.

Highest scores in specific bar subjects[edit]

While no bar examinee has ever reached a 100% general average, several bar examinees have garnered perfect and near-perfect grades in specific bar subjects.

In 1930, Tecla San Andres-Ziga (future Senator) of the University of the Philippines got a grade of 99% in Remedial Law.[citation needed] She also placed number one in the bar exams of the same year.

In 1949, Anacleto C. Mañgaser of the Philippine Law School earned 100% in Mercantile Law, and placed 1st in the bar exams of that year. His average of 95.85% broke all prior records before it was bested by Florenz Regalado in 1954.[15] Mañgaser's bar rating remains the second highest validated average of all time.

In 1953, Juan Ponce Enrile (future Defense Minister and Senate President) of the University of the Philippines College of Law, where he graduated salutatorian and cum laude, earned 100% in Mercantile Law[24] and placed 11th in the bar exams of that year.[24]

In 1955, Raul Gonzales (future Congressman, Secretary of Justice and Chief Presidential Legal Counsel) of the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law earned 99% in Remedial Law[citation needed] and 95% in International Law.[citation needed] However, he did not place in the top ten.[15]

In 1973, Renato Franciso (Executive Judge of RTC Malolos, Bulacan) of the Ateneo de Manila Law School obtained a perfect score of 100% in Criminal Law.[25]

In 1997, Maria Celia H. Fernandez of the University of the Philippines College of Law, where she graduated salutatorian and cum laude, earned 100% in Legal Ethics[citation needed] and emerged as the year's bar topnotcher.[15]

In 2001, Rodolfo Ma. A. Ponferrada, that year's valedictorian of the University of the Philippines College of Law, obtained a perfect score of 100% in Remedial Law[citation needed], the highest weighted of the bar subjects. The difference (3.75%) between his final bar examination score (93.80%) and that of the second-placer, Jesus Paolo U. Protacio (90.05%), that year's valedictorian of the Ateneo de Manila Law School and who got a perfect score of 100% in Criminal Law,[citation needed] is the highest of all time. Notably, that year's valedictorian of the San Beda College of Law, Adonis V. Gabriel, obtained a perfect score of 100% in Political Law[citation needed] and placed 8th (88.25%).[15][26] The 3.75% difference between No. 1 and No. 2 eclipsed the previous highest difference of 2.10% registered in 1966 when Roberto V. San Jose (valedictorian of the UP College of Law) garnered a grade of 90.6% versus the 88.5% of the tied second placers, Ruben F. Balane (salutatorian of the UP College of Law) and Pablo S. Trillana III (valedictorian of the San Beda College of Law).

In 2005, Gladys V. Gervacio of the University of Perpetual Help-Rizal earned a perfect 100% in two bar subjects—Legal Ethics[citation needed] and Labor Law.[citation needed] She placed 6th in the bar exams of that year. In 2011, she passed the California State Bar examinations.[15]

In 2016, Nia Rachelle M. Gonzales of the University of Batangas earned a 100% rating in Remedial Law. She placed 9th in the bar exams of that year

In 2017, Bj Bonn D. Pusta of the Ateneo de Davao University earned 100% in Civil Law and 93% on Mercantile Law, However, he did not place in the top 20

Increasing difficulty[edit]

The difficulty of the recent bar examinations, compared to exams of the past, can be attributed to the following factors:[12]

  • The growing volume of Philippine case and statutory laws is unprecedented. Laws, jurisprudence, and legal doctrines of the past constitute only a small fraction of contemporary Philippine legal materials, which are increasing on a daily basis.[27]
  • The 75% passing average with no grade lower than 50% in any subject is already fixed by law. Actual candidates who scored 74.99% in the general average were not admitted to the practice of law, unless they retake the bar exams.[12]
  • The Three-Failure Rule is now in place. Candidates who have failed the bar exams for three times are not permitted to take another bar exam until they re-enroll and pass regular fourth-year review classes and attend a pre-bar review course in an approved law school.[6]
  • The Five-Strike Rule is implemented since 2005. The rule limits to five the number of times a candidate may take the Bar exams. The rule disqualifies a candidate after failing in three examinations. However, he is permitted to take fourth and fifth examinations if he successfully completes a one-year refresher course for each examination.[28]
  • The four-year bachelor's degree is required before admission to law school. Hence, every bar examinee has to hold at least two degrees—one in law and one in another field. In the past, law schools readily admit high school graduates and two-year Associate in Arts degree holders.[6]

After the end of the Second World War, the passing rate in the succeeding years was remarkably high, ranging from 56 to 72% percent. However, after Associate Justice J.B.L. Reyes, a noted scholar, was appointed Chairman of the 1955 Bar Examinations, the passing rate for that year dropped dramatically to 26.8%, with a mortality rate of 73.2%. That ratio has been invariably maintained in the 50+ years since.[29]

Waiting period[edit]

The largely essay-type exams are manually checked by members of the Committee of Bar Examiners. Candidates have to wait from the last Sunday of the bar exams in September up to the date of the release of results, which traditionally happens before or during the Holy Week (the last week of March or the first week of April) of the following year.

During this period, candidates (who already hold law and bachelor's degrees) may opt to work in law firms and courts as legal researchers, teach in liberal arts and business colleges, function in companies and organizations using their pre-law degrees (i.e. Communication Arts, Accounting, Economics, Journalism, etc.), help run the family business, or take a long vacation.[30]

Admission of successful bar examinees[edit]

The Office of the Bar Confidant of the Philippine Supreme Court releases the Official List of Successful Bar Examinees, usually during the last week of March or the first week of April of every year. Candidates whose names appear in the list are required to take and subscribe before the Supreme Court the corresponding Oath of Office.[31]

Candidates shall take an Oath of Office and sign their names in the Roll of Attorneys of the Supreme Court.[32] The oath-taking is usually held in May at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) with a formal program where all Justices of the Supreme Court, sitting en banc, formally approve the applications of the successful bar candidates. The eight bar examiners are officially introduced to the public. A message to the newly inducted lawyers is delivered by one of the justices. Candidates who made the bar top ten list are also introduced and honored. The deans of all Philippine law schools are requested to attend the ceremony and grace the front seats of the plenary hall.[10]

Controversies[edit]

In the 1930s, a distant relative of Imelda Romualdez Marcos who was a Justice in the High Court resigned after a controversy involving the bar examinations. Justice Ramon Fernandez was forced to protect his name and honor when he resigned because of a bar examination scandal.[33]

On November 23, 1979, the High Court, per Justice Pacifico de Castro ordered new examinations in labor and social legislation and taxation.

On May 7, 1982, 12 of the Supreme Court's 14 justices resigned amid expose "that the court fixed the bar-examination score of a member's son so that he would pass." Justice Vicente Ericta was accused to have personally approached the bar chairman to inquire whether his (Ericta's) son passed the bar. Ferdinand Marcos accepted the resignations and appointed the new Justices. Chief Justice Enrique Fernando wept at a news conference as he accepted responsibility for rechecking and changing the exam score of Gustavo Ericta, son of Justice Vicente Ericta.[34]

Associate Justice Fidel Purisima, chairman of the bar committee, did not disclose that he had a nephew who was taking the bar examination in that year. He was merely censured and his honoraria as bar examiner were forfeited.

On September 24, 2003, the Supreme Court, per a bleary-eyed Associate Justice Jose Vitug, annulled the tests results on mercantile law after "confirmation of what could be the most widespread case of cheating in the 104-year-old bar exams".[35]

Bar Topnotchers List[edit]

The Office of the Bar Confidant releases an official Bar Topnotchers list together with the list of names of all successful bar examinees. The Bar Topnotchers list contains the names of the candidates who garnered the highest general averages in the bar exam for that year. The highest ranking candidate in the list is known as the bar topnotcher. The list has always been the subject of much media attention and public speculation.[36]

Making a place in the list is widely regarded as an important life achievement, an attractive professional qualification, and a necessary improvement in a lawyer's professional and social status.[36]

Below is a listing of all 106 first-placers (from 1913 to 2017) and can be rearranged from highest to lowest in terms of rating obtained. It should be noted however that bar ratings are not exactly comparable from year-to-year as the difficulty of the exams varies through the years.


Year Name Average School Hometown Passing Percentage [37]
1901
1902
1903 Jose L. Quintos 96.33 Escuela de Derecho Baliuag, Bulacan
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913 Manuel A. Roxas 92 University of the Philippines Roxas City, Capiz
1914 Manuel C. Goyena 93 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila
1915 Francisco Villanueva, Jr. 90 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila
1916 Paulino Gullas 93 University of the Philippines Cebu City, Cebu
1917 Felipe Ysmael 92 University of the Philippines Iloilo City, Iloilo
1918 Alejo Labrador 87 University of the Philippines San Narciso, Zambales
1919 Gregorio Anonas 87 Philippine Law School Iba, Zambales
1920 Adolfo Brillantes 84.1 Escuela de Derecho Bangued, Abra
1921 Pablo C. Payawal 89.1 University of the Philippines San Miguel, Bulacan
1922 Amando L. Velilla 89.1 University of the Philippines Balasan, Iloilo
1923 Roque V. Desquitado 90.9 University of the Philippines Bantayan, Cebu
1924 Roberto R. Concepcion 89.1 University of Santo Tomas Manila, Metro Manila
1925 Rafael Dinglasan 91.1 University of the Philippines Roxas City, Capiz
1926 Eugeniano Perez 88.1 Philippine Law School Mandaue, Cebu
1927 Cesar Kintanar 87.7 University of the Philippines Argao, Cebu
1928 Filomeno B. Pascual 90.3 Philippine Law School Sagay, Negros Occidental
1929 Lorenzo S. Sumulong 92.5 University of the Philippines Antipolo, Rizal
1930 Tecla San Andres 89.4 University of the Philippines Naga, Camarines Sur
1931 Jose N. Leuterio 89.4 University of the Philippines Boac, Marinduque
1932 Hermenegildo Atienza 93 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila
1933 Lope C. Quimbo 92.45 University of Manila Calbiga, Samar
1934 Marciano P. Catral 89.7 Philippine Law School Luna, Isabela
1935 Enrique Estrellado 91.7 University of the Philippines San Pablo, Laguna
1936 Diosdado P. Macapagal 89.85 University of Santo Tomas Lubao, Pampanga
1937 Cecilia A. Muñoz-Palma 92.6 University of the Philippines Bauan, Batangas
1938 Emmanuel N. Pelaez 91.3 University of Manila Medina, Misamis Oriental
1939 Ferdinand E. Marcos 92.35 University of the Philippines Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
1940 Claudio Teehankee 94.35 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila
1941 Emmet P.D. Shea 90.2 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila
1944 Jovito R. Salonga
Jose W. Diokno
95.3 University of the Philippines
Special (University of Santo Tomas)
Pasig, Metro Manila
Manila, Metro Manila
1946 Gregoria T. Cruz - (August, 1946)
Pedro L. Yap - (November, 1946)
92.25
91.7
University of the Philippines
University of the Philippines
Manila, Metro Manila
San Isidro, Leyte
46.63% (97 out of 208)
56.69% (out of 478)
1947 Ameurfina A. Melencio-Herrera 93.85 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 59.87% (428 out of 755)
1948 Manuel G. Montecillo 95.5 Far Eastern University Liliw, Laguna 62.26% (561 out of 901)
1949 Anacleto C. Mañgaser 95.85 Philippine Law School Caba, La Union 56.14% (686 out of 1,222)
1950 Carolina C. Griño 92.05 Special (Colegio de San Agustin and University of the Philippines) Leganes, Iloilo 31.92% (423 out of 1,325)
1951 Vicente R. Acsay 92.25 University of Manila Bugasong, Antique 57.19% (1.189 out of 2,079)
1952 Pedro Samson C. Animas 94.25 University of the Philippines Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental 62.02% (1,705 out of 2,749)
1953 Leonardo A. Amores 94.05 University of Manila Roxas City, Capiz 72.42% (1,851 out of 2,556)
1954 Florenz D. Regalado 96.7 San Beda College Concepcion, Iloilo 75.17% (2,409 out of 3,206)
1955 Tomas P. Matic, Jr. 90.55 Far Eastern University Concepcion, Tarlac 27.29% (815 out of 2,987)
1956 Francisco C. Catral 90.2 San Beda College Lal-lo, Cagayan 62.60% (2,283 out of 3,647)
1957 Gregorio R. Castillo 89.15 University of the Philippines Buhi, Camarines Sur 19.77% (615 out of 3,110)
1958 Manuel G. Abello 89.25 University of the Philippines Isabela, Negros Occidental 21.97% (868 out of 3,951)
1959 Agustin O. Benitez 89.2 Far Eastern University Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte 21.21% (796 out of 3,754)
1960 Ismael Andres 91.7 Manuel L. Quezon University Looc, Romblon 39.9% (1,667 out of 4,178)
1961 Avelino V. Cruz 90.95 San Beda College Pasig, Metro Manila 19.34 (845 out of 4,370)
1962 Deogracias G. Eufemio 90.8 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 19.4% (899 out of 4,635)
1963 Cornelio C. Gison 86.35 Ateneo de Manila University Arevalo, Iloilo City 22.26% (1,213 out of 5,453)
1964 Jesus P. Castelo 88.4 San Beda College San Isidro, Nueva Ecija 25.09% (902 out of 3,596)
1965 Victor S. de la Serna 89.8 San Beda College Tagbilaran, Bohol 32.66% (642 out of 1,965)
1966 Roberto V. San Jose 90.6 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 36.71% (715 out of 1,947)
1967 Rodolfo D. Robles 89.6 San Beda College Tiaong, Quezon 22.8% (411 out of 1,803)
1968 Oscar B. Glovasa 87.45 Divine Word College of Tagbilaran Cogon, Tagbilaran, Bohol 21.11% (347 out of 1,643)
1969 Ronaldo B. Zamora 87.3 University of the Philippines Calumpit, Bulacan 28.6 (495 out of 1,731)
1970 Romulo D. San Juan 87.5 Far Eastern University San Jacinto, Masbate 27.9% (491 out of 1,761)
1971 Henry R. Villarica 92.4 University of the Philippines Meycauayan, Bulacan 33.84% (621 out of 1,835)
1972 Januario B. Soller, Jr. 87.13 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila 26.68% (509 out of 1,907)
1973 Vicente R. Solis 90.3 Ateneo de Manila University Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Sur 37.4% (610 out of 1,631)
1974 Arturo D. Brion 91.65 Ateneo de Manila University San Pablo, Laguna 35.02% (685 out of 1,956)
1975 Nicanor B. Padilla, Jr. 86.7 University of the East Cebu City, Cebu 35.18% (686 out of 1,950)
1976 Enrique Y. Teehankee 90.8 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 49.77% (926 out of 1,979)
1977 Virgilio B. Gesmundo 91.8 Ateneo de Manila University San Pablo, Laguna 60.56% (1,038 out of 1,714)
1978 Cosme D. Rosell 92.475 University of the Philippines Daanbantayan, Cebu 56.93% (1,076 out of 1,890)
1979 Gregorio M. Batiller, Jr. 91.4 Ateneo de Manila University Davao City, Davao del Sur 49.51% (903 out of 1,824)
1980 Rafael R. Lagos 89.75 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 33.61% (605 out of 1,800)
1981 Irene Ragodon-Guevarra 90.95 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila 43.71% (787 out of 1,800)
1982 Ray C. Espinosa 90.95 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila 20.5% (432 out of 2,112)
1983 Manuel Antonio J. Teehankee 91.4 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila 21.3% (523 out of 2,455)
1984 Richard M. Chiu 92.85 Ateneo de Manila University Dumaguete, Negros Oriental 25.55% (638 out of 2,497)
1985 Janette Susan L. Peña 89.4 University of the Philippines San Juan, Metro Manila 25.78% (701 out of 2,719)
1986 Laurence L. Go 88.6 Ateneo de Manila University Pagadian, Zamboanga del Sur 18.88% (493 out of 2,609)
1987 Mario P. Victoriano 88.55 Ateneo de Manila University Dumaguete, Negros Oriental 17.90 (480 out of 2,682)
1988 Maria Yvette O. Navarro 88.12 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 24.40% (689 out of 2,824)
1989 Gilberto Eduardo Gerardo C. Teodoro, Jr. 86.185 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 21.26% (639 out of 3,006)
1990 Aquilino L. Pimentel III 89.85 University of the Philippines Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 27.94% (866 out of 3,100)
1991 Joseph P. San Pedro 89.95 Ateneo de Manila University Malolos, Bulacan 17.81% (569 out of 3,194)
1992 Jayme A. Sy, Jr. 87 Ateneo de Manila University Sagay, Negros Occidental 17.25% (499 out of 2,892)
1993 Anna Leah Fidelis T. Castañeda 88.325 Ateneo de Manila University Manila, Metro Manila 21.65% (725 out of 3,348)
1994 Francisco Noel R. Fernandez 89.2 University of the Philippines Butuan, Agusan del Norte 30.87% (1,030 out of 3,337)
1995 Leonor Y. Dicdican 91.2 University of the Philippines Davao City, Davao del Sur 30.90% (987 out of 3,194)
1996 Patricia-Ann T. Prodigalidad 90.6 University of the Philippines Brooklyn, New York, USA 31.21% (1,217 out of 3,900)
1997 Ma. Cecilia H. Fernandez 90.025 University of the Philippines Makati, Metro Manila 18.11% (710 out of 3,921)
1998 Janet B. Abuel 91.8 Baguio Colleges Foundation Dagupan, Pangasinan 39.63% (1,465 out of 3,697)
1999 Edwin R. Enrile
Florin T. Hilbay
88.5 Ateneo de Manila University
University of the Philippines
Naga, Camarines Sur
Manila, Metro Manila
16.59% (660 out of 3,978)
2000 Eliseo M. Zuñiga, Jr. 90.6 University of the Philippines Mandaluyong, Metro Manila 20.84% (979 out of 4,698)
2001 Rodolfo Ma. A. Ponferrada 93.8 University of the Philippines Quezon City, Metro Manila 32.895 (1,266 out of 3,849)
2002 Arlene M. Maneja 92.9 University of Santo Tomas Quezon City, Metro Manila 19.86% (917 out of 4,659)
2003 Aeneas Eli S. Diaz 88.53 Ateneo de Manila University Sorsogon City, Sorsogon 20.71% (1,108 out of 5,349)
2004 January A. Sanchez 87.45 University of the Philippines Santa Maria, Bulacan 31.61% (1,659 out of 5,249)
2005 Joan A. De Venecia 87.2 University of the Philippines Dagupan, Pangasinan 27.22% (1,526 out of 5,607)
2006 Noel Neil Q. Malimban 87.6 University of the Cordilleras Baguio City, Benguet 30.6% (1,893 out of 6,187)
2007 Mercedita L. Ona 83.55 Ateneo de Manila University San Jose, Batangas 22. 91% (1,289 out of 5,626)
2008 Judy A. Lardizabal 85.7 San Sebastian College Imus, Cavite 20.58 (1,310 out of 6.364)
2009 Reinier Paul R. Yebra 84.8 San Beda College Daet, Camarines Norte 24.58% (1,451 out of 5,093)
2010 Cesareo Antonio S. Singzon Jr. 89 Ateneo de Manila University Catbalogan, Samar 20.26% (982 out of 4,847)
2011 Raoul Angelo D. Atadero 85.536 Ateneo de Manila University Quezon City, Metro Manila 31.95& (1,913 out of 5,987)
2012 Ignatius Michael D. Ingles 85.64 Ateneo de Manila University Quezon City, Metro Manila 17.76% (949 out of 5,343 )
2013 Nielson G. Pangan 85.8 University of the Philippines Manila, Metro Manila 22.18% (1,174 out of 5,293)
2014 Irene Mae B. Alcobilla 85.5 San Beda College San Remigio, Antique 18.82% (1,126 out of 5,984)
2015 Rachel Angeli B. Miranda 87.4 University of the Philippines Quezon City, Metro Manila 26.21% (1,731 out of 7,146)
2016 Karen Mae L. Calam 89.05 University of San Carlos Kalilangan, Bukidnon 59.06% (3,747 out of 6,344)
2017 Mark John M. Simondo 91.05 University of St. La Salle Bacolod City, Negros Occidental 25.55% (1,724 out of 6,748)


Famous bar topnotchers[edit]

Prominent lawyers who made the bar top ten include:[38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

Presidents and Vice-Presidents[edit]

Supreme Court and Court of Appeals Justices[edit]

  • José Yulo - 6th Philippine Chief Justice; 3rd placer, 1913 Bar Exams (UP College of Law)
  • Ricardo Paras - 8th Philippine Chief Justice; 2nd placer, 1913 Bar Exams (UP College of Law)
  • César Bengzon - 9th Philippine Chief Justice; 2nd placer, 1919 Bar Exams (UP College of Law)
  • Roberto Concepcion - 10th Philippine Chief Justice; 1st placer, 1924 Bar Exams (UST Faculty of Civil Law)
  • Querube Makalintal - 11th Philippine Chief Justice; 7th placer, 1933 Bar Exams (UP College of Civil Law)
  • Ramon Aquino - 15th Philippine Chief Justice; 9th placer, 1939 Bar Exams (UP College of Law)
  • Claudio Teehankee - 16th Philippine Chief Justice; 1st placer, 1940 Bar Exams (Ateneo Law School)
  • Pedro Yap - 17th Philippine Chief Justice; 1st placer, 1946 Bar Exams (UP College of Law)
  • Andres Narvasa - 19th Philippine Chief Justice; 2nd placer, 1951 Bar Exams (UST Faculty of Civil Law)
  • Artemio Panganiban - 21st Philippine Chief Justice; 6th placer, 1960 Bar Exams (FEU Institute of Law)
  • José P. Laurel - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 2nd placer, 1915 Bar Exams
  • J. B. L. Reyes - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 6th placer, 1922 Bar Exams
  • Ambrosio Padilla - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 3rd placer, 1934 Bar Exams
  • Cecilia Muñoz Palma - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 1st placer, 1937 Bar Exams
  • Rafael C. Climaco - former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 5th placer, 1939 Bar Exams ( Ferdinand Marcos placed 1st )
  • Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 1st placer, 1947 Bar Exams
  • Irene Cortes - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 9th placer, 1948 Bar Exams
  • Carolina C. Griño-Aquino - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 1st placer, 1950 Bar Exams
  • Isagani R. Cruz - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 8th placer, 1951 Bar Exams
  • Florentino P. Feliciano - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice and Chair, WTO Appellate Tribunal; 6th placer, 1952 Bar Exams
  • Florenz Regalado - former Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 1st placer, 1954 Bar Exams
  • Adolfo Azcuna - Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 4th placer, 1962 Bar Exams
  • Antonio Eduardo Nachura - Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 7th placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Presbitero Velasco, Jr. - Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 6th placer, 1971 Bar Exams
  • Antonio Carpio - Philippine Supreme Court Justice; 6th placer, 1975 Bar Exams
  • Arturo D. Brion - Philippine Supreme Court Justice; former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 1st placer, 1974 Bar Exams
  • Bienvenido V. Reyes - former Philippine Court of Appeals Presiding Justice; 5th placer, 1954 Bar Exams
  • Salome A. Montoya - former Philippine Court of Appeals Presiding Justice; 6th placer, 1954 Bar Exams
  • Alicia V. Sempio-Diy - former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 5th placer, 1950 Bar Exams
  • Oscar M. Herrera - former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 8th placer, 1953 Bar Exams
  • Demetrio Demetria - former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 2nd placer, 1964 Bar Exams
  • Mario Guariña III - former Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 2nd placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Lucas Bersamin - Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 9th placer, 1973 Bar Exams
  • Celia Librea-Leagogo - Philippine Court of Appeals Justice; 5th placer, 1981 Bar Exams

Senators and Representatives[edit]

  • Manuel A. Roxas - former Philippine Senate President and Speaker of the House of Representatives; 1st placer, 1913 Bar Exams
  • Manuel L. Quezon - former Philippine Senate President; 4th placer, 1903 Bar Exams
  • Arturo M. Tolentino - former Philippine Senate President; 2nd placer, 1934 Bar Exams
  • Ferdinand E. Marcos - former Philippine Senate President; 1st placer, 1939 Bar Exams
  • Jovito Salonga - former Philippine Senate President; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams
  • Neptali Gonzales - former Philippine Senate President; 9th placer, 1949 Bar Exams
  • Ernesto M. Maceda - former Philippine Senate President; 10th placer, 1956 Bar Exams
  • Franklin M. Drilon - former Philippine Senate President; 3rd placer, 1969 Bar Exams
  • Lorenzo Sumulong - former Philippine Senator; 1st placer, 1929 Bar Exams
  • Jose W. Diokno - former Philippine Senator; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams
  • Rene Saguisag - former Philippine Senator; 6th placer, 1963 Bar Exams
  • Aquilino Pimentel III (Koko Pimentel) - Philippine Senator; 1st placer, 1990 Bar Exams
  • Sergio S. Osmeña - former Speaker of the House of Representatives; 2nd placer, 1903 Bar Exams
  • Jose Yulo - former Speaker of the House of Representatives; 3rd placer, 1913 Bar Exams
  • Aguedo F. Agbayani - former Pangasinan Representative; 5th placer, 1947 Bar Exams
  • Antonio Eduardo Nachura - former Samar Representative; 7th placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Ronaldo Zamora - San Juan Representative; 1st placer, 1969 Bar Exams
  • Prospero Nograles - Speaker of the House of Representatives; 2nd placer, 1971 Bar Exams
  • Arturo D. Brion - Assemblyman, Philippine National Assembly; 1st placer, 1974 Bar Exams
  • Gilberto Eduardo Gerardo C. Teodoro, Jr. - former Tarlac Representative; 1st placer, 1989 Bar Exams
  • José P. Laurel- former Senator; 2nd Placer 1915
  • Mylene J. Garcia-Albano - Davao City 2nd District - House of Representatives; 3rd placer, 1990 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo C. Farinas - Ilocos Norte Representative; 8th Placer 1978 Bar Exams

Appointees and career service officials[edit]

  • Roberto Concepcion - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 1st placer, 1924 Bar Exams
  • Lorenzo Sumulong - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 1st placer, 1929 Bar Exams
  • Arturo Tolentino - Member, Philippine Civil Code Commission; former Minister of Foreign Affairs; 2nd placer, 1934 Bar Exams
  • Ambrosio Padilla - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 3rd placer, 1934 Bar Exams
  • Diosdado Macapagal - President, Philippine Constitutional Convention of 1971; 1st placer, 1936 Bar Exams
  • Cecilia Muñoz-Palma - President, Philippine Constitutional Commission of 1986; Chairperson, Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office; 1st placer, 1937 Bar Exams
  • Jovito Salonga - former Chairman, Presidential Commission on Good Government; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams
  • Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera - Chancellor, Philippine Judicial Academy; Chairperson, Legal Publications Committee, Supreme Court Centenary Celebrations; 1st placer, 1947 Bar Exams
  • Alicia V. Sempio-Dy - Member, Philippine Civil Code Revision Committee; former Commissioner, National Commission on Women; 5th placer, 1950 Bar Exams
  • Andres Narvasa - Chairman, Preparatory Commission for Constitutional Reform; 2nd placer, 1951 Bar Exams
  • Gabriel Singson - former Governor of the Central Bank of the Philippines; 2nd placer, 1952 Bar Exams
  • Florentino Feliciano - Chairman, Feliciano Commission investigating the Oakwood Mutiny; 6th placer, 1952 Bar Exams
  • Florenz D. Regalado - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 1st placer, 1954 Bar Exams
  • Jose Nolledo - Delegate, 1971 Constitutional Convention & Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 3rd placer, 1958 Bar Exams
  • Haydee Yorac - former Chairperson, Presidential Commission on Good Government; former Commissioner, Commission on Elections; 8th placer, 1962 Bar Exams
  • Adolfo Azcuna - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; 4th placer, 1962 Bar Exams
  • Joaquin G. Bernas - Member, 1986 Constitutional Commission; Member, Feliciano Commission investigating the Oakwood mutiny; 9th placer, 1962 Bar Exam
  • Anacleto C. Mañgaser (var. Mangaser) - former Chairman, Reparations Commission; 1st placer, 1949 Bar Exams
  • Romeo C. de la Cruz—former Solicitor General; 9th placer, 1957 Bar Exams
  • Sergio A. Apostol - Chief Presidential Legal Counsel; 7th placer, 1958 Bar Exams
  • Ismael G. Khan Jr. - former Spokesperson, Philippine Supreme Court; 6th placer, 1959 Bar Exams
  • Antonio Eduardo Nachura - former Solicitor General; 7th placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Fulgencio S. Factoran, Jr. - former Executive Secretary; 9th placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Jose Mario Buñag - former Bureau of Internal Revenue Commissioner; 2nd placer, 1968 Bar Exams
  • Ronaldo B. Zamora - former Executive Secretary; 1st placer, 1969 Bar Exams
  • Franklin Drilon - former Secretary of Labor and Employment; 3rd placer, 1969 Bar Exams
  • Jesus Dureza - Presidential Peace Adviser and Mindanao Super Region In-charge; 10th placer, 1973 Bar Exams
  • Arturo D. Brion - Secretary of Labor and Employment; 1st placer, 1974 Bar Exams
  • Antonio Carpio - former Chief Presidential Legal Counsel; 6th placer, 1975 Bar Exams
  • Avelino Cruz, Jr. - former Secretary of National Defense; 7th placer, 1977 Bar Exams
  • Simeon Marcelo - former Philippine Ombudsman; 5th placer, 1979 Bar Exams
  • Manuel Antonio J. Teehankee - former Undersecretary of Justice; Ambassador to the World Trade Organization; 1st placer, 1983 Bar Exams
  • Leila de Lima - current Secretary of Justice; former Commission on Human Rights (CHR) Chairperson; 8th placer, 1985 Bar Exams
  • Antonio M. Bernardo - former Bureau of Customs Commissioner; 2nd placer, 1988 Bar Exams
  • Gilberto Eduardo Gerardo C. Teodoro, Jr. - Secretary of National Defense; 1st placer, 1989 Bar Exams
  • Persida V. Rueda-Acosta - Chief Public Attorney of the Philippines; 5th placer, 1989 Bar Exams
  • Ruben Carranza, Jr. - Commissioner, Presidential Commission on Good Government; 8th placer, 1990 Bar Exams
  • Maria Celia H. Fernandez - former Chief, Presidential Management Staff; 1st placer, 1997 Bar Exams
  • Janet T. Abuel - Regional Director, Department of Budget and Management; 1st placer, 1998 Bar Exams
  • Edwin R. Enrile - former Assistant Executive Secretary, Office of the President; Deputy Executive Secretary, Office of the President; 1st placer, 1999 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo Ma. A. Ponferrada - former Assistant Chief of Staff, Office of the Vice President; 1st placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Pablito V. Sanidad, Sr. - former Deputy Minister of the Department of Labor and Employment; 8th placer, 1967 Bar Exams

Local officials[edit]

  • Aguedo F. Agbayani - former Governor of Pangasinan; 5th placer, 1947 Bar Exams
  • Pablo P. Garcia - former Governor of Cebu; 3rd placer, 1951 Bar Exams
  • Juanito Remulla, Sr. - former Governor of Cavite; 4th placer, 1956 Bar Exams
  • Isidoro E. Real, Jr. - former Governor / Congressman of Zamboanga del Sur; 7th placer, 1961 Bar Exams
  • Roldan Dalman - former Governor of Zamboanga del Norte;former Presidential Assistant for Regional Concerns, Western Mindanao 6th placer, 1975 Bar Exams
  • Douglas RA. Cagas - incumbent Governor / former Congressman of Davao Del Sur; 4th placer 1967 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo C. Farinas - Former Governor / incumbent Congressman of Ilocos Norte / Incumbent Majority Leader; 8th Placer 1978 Bar Exams
  • Henry R. Villarica - Incumbent Mayor of Meycauayan City ; 1st Placer 1971 Bar Exams
  • Pablito V. Sanidad Sr. - Former Vice Governor of Ilocos Sur; 8th place 1967 Bar Exams

Academe[edit]

  • Joaquin G. Bernas - former President, Ateneo de Manila University; Dean Emeritus, Ateneo Law School; 9th placer, 1962 Bar Exam
  • Jovito Salonga - former Dean, Far Eastern University Institute of Law; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams
  • Neptali Gonzales - former Dean, Far Eastern University Institute of Law; 9th placer, 1949 Bar Exams
  • Andres Narvasa - former Dean, University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law; 2nd placer, 1951 Bar Exams
  • Norberto S. Gonzales - Dean, Manuel L. Quezon University School of Law; 5th placer, 1958 Bar Exams
  • Custodio O. Parlade - President Emeritus, Philippine Dispute Resolution Centre; Lecturer and Bar Reviewer; 4th placer, 1959 Bar Exams
  • Agustin O. Benitez - former Dean, University of the East College of Law; 1st placer, 1959 bar Exams
  • Virgilio B. Jara - Dean, San Beda College of Law 5th placer, 1962 Bar Exams
  • Cesar L. Villanueva - Dean, Ateneo Law School; 2nd placer, 1981 Bar Exams
  • Jose Jesus G. Laurel - former Dean, Lyceum of the Philippines College of Law; 6th placer, 1981 Bar Exams
  • Roy Joseph M. Rafols - former Dean, Palawan State University College of Law; 2nd placer, 1984 Bar Exams
  • Pacifico N. Castro - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 8th placer, 1954 Bar Exams
  • Manuel T. Muro - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer, former Trial Court Judge; 6th placer, 1955 Bar Exams
  • Antonio H. Abad, Jr. - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; former Dean of the FEU Institute of Law and presently Dean of the Adamson University College of Law; 10th Placer, 1963 Bar Examinations
  • Roberto San Jose - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 1st placer, 1966 Bar Exams
  • Ruben F. Balane - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 2nd placer, 1966 Bar Exams
  • Hildegardo F. Iñigo - former Dean, Ateneo de Davao University College of Law and Bar Reviewer, 8th placer, 1966 Bar Exams
  • Jacinto D. Jimenez (Jack Jimenez) - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 3rd placer, 1968 Bar Exams
  • Arturo de Castro - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 3rd placer, 1970 Bar Exams
  • Rene Gorospe - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 2nd placer, 1979 Bar Exams
  • Manuel J. Laserna, Jr. - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer (Far Eastern University, Manila, 1985-2006); 3rd placer, 1984 Bar Exams (90.95%); trial lawyer; Bar leader; founder of the Las Pinas City Bar Association (2001); and managing partner of the Laserna Cueva-Mercader & Associates Law Offices (LCM Law, Las Pinas City).
  • Abelardo T. Domondon - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 4th placer, 1985 Bar Exams, graduate of Adamson University College of Law
  • Roberto A. Gana - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 5th placer, 1986 Bar Exams
  • Jose Maria G. Hofileña - Law Professor and Bar Reviewer; 10th placer, 1987 Bar Exams
  • Michael G. Aguinaldo - Law Professor; 7th placer, 1992 Bar Exams
  • Anna Leah Fidelis T. Castañeda - Law Professor; 1st placer, 1993 Bar Exams
  • Shirley F. Alinea - UP Law (6th Place, 1996 Bar Exams) - Law Professor (UE, Lyceum, San Sebastian)
  • Maria Socorro Z. Manguiat - Law Professor; 10th placer, 1993 Bar Exams
  • Maria Paz Romana S. Angeles - Law Professor; 10 placer, 1994 Bar Exams
  • Carla E. Santamaria-Seña - Law Professor; 5th placer, 1995 Bar Exams
  • Ralph A. Sarmiento - Dean, University of St. La Salle College of Law; International Law Bar Reviewer; 10th placer, 1997 Bar Exams
  • Shennan A. Sy - Law Professor; 6th placer, 1995 Bar Exams
  • Arnold De Vera - Law Professor; 8th placer, 1987 Bar Exams
  • Rhett Emmanuel C. Serfino - Practicing Lawyer; Professor and Bar Reviewer (MLQU, PUP, Universidad De Manila); 3rd placer, 1997 Bar Exams
  • Florin T. Hilbay - Law Professor; 1st placer, 1999 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo Ma. A. Ponferrada - Professor of Law (UP and Ateneo); 1st placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Solomon F. Lumba - Professor of Law (UP); 4th placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Adonis V. Gabriel - Professor of Law (SBC); 8th placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Samson S. Alcantara - Practicing Lawyer; Professor and Bar Reviewer (MLQU); Author-Philippine Labor and Social Legislation; 3rd placer, Bar Exams
  • Connie Chu - Professor(Ateneo), 2nd Place, 2002 Bar Exams
  • Ma. Ngina Chan-Gonzaga - Professor(Ateneo), 4th Place, 2002 Bar Exams
  • Michelle Juan - Professor(Ateneo, FEU-DLSU, PLM), 4th Place, 2002 Bar Exams
  • Nyerson Dexter Tito Q. Tualla - Corporate Attorney, TransCo; Civil Law Lecturer, Manuel L. Quezon University; 4th placer, 2005 Bar Exams
  • Pedro Jose F. Bernardo - Professor (Ateneo, FEU-DLSU, PLP), 8th Place, 2005 Bar Exams
  • Noel Neil Q. Malimban - Business Law Lecturer and Reviewer, University of the Cordilleras; 1st placer, 2006 Bar Exams
  • Guillermo A. Villasor, Jr. - Former Dean, University of Negros Occidental - Recoletos School of Law; 10th placer,1979 Bar Exams
  • Marforth T. Fua - Law Professor (SBC, PLP), 8th place, 2007 Bar Exams
  • Teodoro Almase - Dean, University of the Visayas, 4th place
  • Pablito V. Sanidad Sr. - Dean, University of Baguio, 8th place, 1967 Bar Exams

Private Sector[edit]

  • Manuel Montecillo - Name Partner, Siguion Reyna Montecillo & Ongsiako (oldest law firm); 1st placer, 1948 Bar Exams
  • Manuel S. Abello - Founding Partner, Angara Abello Concepcion Regala & Cruz (ACCRALAW) ; 1st placer, 1958 Bar Exams
  • Nelly Favis-Villafuerte - Editor, Manila Bulletin; 7th placer, 1959 Bar Exams
  • Avelino V. Cruz - Founding Partner, ACCRALAW; youngest to top the bar, 1st placer, 1962 Bar Exams
  • Mercedita V. Santiago-Nolledo - Corporate Secretary, Ayala Corporation; 2nd placer, 1965 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo D. Robles - General practitioner; 1st placer, 1967 Bar Exams
  • Januario B. Soller Jr. - Co-founder, Soller Chain of Pawnshops; 1st placer, 1972 Bar Exams
  • Jesus M. Manalastas - Name Partner, PECABAR Law Firm; 2nd placer, 1972 Bar Exams
  • Victor P. Lazatin - Senior Partner, ACCRALAW; 3rd placer, 1972 Bar Exams
  • Barbara Anne Migallos - Name Partner, Roco Buñag Kapunan Migallos Law Firm; Co-founder, Migallos & Luna Law Office; 3rd placer, 1979 Bar Exams
  • Mario Luz Bautista - Co-founder, Poblador Bautista Reyes Law Firm; 6th placer, 1979 Bar Exams
  • Arthur Lim - Commission on Election Commissioner; former National President, Integrated Bar of the Philippines; 3rd placer, 1981 Bar Exams
  • Ray C. Espinosa - Partner, SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan; Executive Director, Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company; President and CEO, ePLDT; President and CEO, Associated Broadcasting Corporation; Vice Chairman, Philweb Corporation; 1st placer, 1982 Bar Exams
  • Agerico T. Paras - Founding Partner and Managing Partner, Paras and Manlapaz Lawyers; 6th placer, 1983 Bar Exams
  • Menardo L. Guevarra - Co-founder, Serapio Guevarra Medialdea Law Firm; 2nd placer, 1985 Bar Exams
  • Hever M. Bascon, Jr. - Steptoe & Johnson LLP, 5th placer, 1987 Bar Exams
  • Marlon Manuel - Director, SALIGAN (non-profit legal assistance group); 5th placer, 1994 Bar Exams
  • Patricia-ann T. Prodigalidad - Partner, ACCRALAW; 1st placer, 1996 Bar Exams
  • Maria Celia H. Fernandez - In-house counsel, Yuchengco group of companies; 1st placer, 1997 Bar Exams
  • Jose Raulito E. Paras - Partner, Andres Marcelo Padernal Guerrero & Paras; 5th placer, 1997 Bar Exams
  • Eliseo M. Zuñiga Jr. - Partner, Quisumbing Torres Law Firm; 1st placer, 2000 Bar Exams
  • Valerie Feria Amante - Legal Division Head, Jollibee Group of Companies; 7th placer, 2000 Bar Exams
  • Rodolfo Ma. A. Ponferrada - Associate, SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan; 1st placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Ma. Theresa U. Ballelos - Associate, Quisumbing Torres Law Firm; 6th placer, 2001 Bar Exams
  • Arlene Maneja - Associate, Siguion Reyna Montecillo & Ongsiako; 1st placer, 2002 Bar Exams
  • Aeneas Eli S. Diaz - Associate, Villaraza & Angangco; 1st placer, 2003 Bar Exams
  • January A. Sanchez - Consultant, Asian Development Bank; 1st placer, 2004 Bar Exams
  • Joan A. De Venecia - Associate, SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan; 1st placer, 2005 Bar Exams
  • Noel Neil Q. Malimban - Associate, Castillo Laman Tan Pantaleon & San Jose; 1st placer, 2006 Bar Exams
  • Filemon Ray L. Javier - Associate, Quisumbing Torres Law Firm; 2nd placer, 2010 Bar Exams

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Supreme Court of the Philippines". sc.judiciary.gov.ph. 
  2. ^ (https://www.rappler.com/nation/187350-2017-bar-examinations-begins)
  3. ^ "Inquirer.net, First bar exam in RP held in 1901, with 13 test takers". 
  4. ^ "Inquirer.net, 1,289 pass bar exams". 
  5. ^ a b Section 5, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  6. ^ a b c Section 6, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  7. ^ Section 2, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  8. ^ a b c Section 12, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  9. ^ Rufus Rodriguez. Slaying the Bar Exams Dragon. Rex Bookstore, 2002.
  10. ^ a b Rufus B. Rodriguez. Slaying the Bar Exams Dragon. Rex Bookstore, 2002.
  11. ^ a b Section 14, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  12. ^ a b c Bar Passing Percentage from 1946-2003. The Practice: Business & Leisure Magazine for Lawyers. August–September 2004 Issue.
  13. ^ "Top 10 best performing law schools in the Philippines". ABS-CBNNews.com. ABS-CBN News. December 2, 2015. Archived from the original on June 8, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Inquirer.net, With Due Respect, How Arroyo can help produce better lawyers". 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l List of Bar Topnotchers from 1913 to 2006, Office of the Bar Confidant, Supreme Court of the Philippines.
  16. ^ a b c Manila Times, 12 April 2008
  17. ^ "zxq.net". filipinoheritage.zxq.net. 
  18. ^ IRPA, DLSU ITS, DLSU STRATCOM, DLSU. "De La Salle University : DLSU : Home". www.dlsu.edu.ph. 
  19. ^ News, ABS-CBN. "2014 Bar 4th placer is 2009 CPA exams 2nd placer". 
  20. ^ http://www.businessmirror.com.ph/home/life/6339-balancing-the-scales-what-its-like-to-have-two-supreme-court-justices-for-parents.html
  21. ^ "Home - San Beda". www.sanbeda.edu.ph. 
  22. ^ Florenz Regalado
  23. ^ "Women outshine men in RP bar exams". 
  24. ^ a b "Senator Juan Ponce Enrile - Senate of the Philippines". www.senate.gov.ph. 
  25. ^ Cruz, Miguel. "Bar Topnotchers 1970-2000". Inquirer. Inquirer. Retrieved June 12, 2003. 
  26. ^ Business Mirror, 1 April 2008
  27. ^ Rufus B. Rodriguez. Legal Research. Rex Bookstore, 2002.
  28. ^ Supreme Court resolution in Bar Matter No. 1161. 2005.
  29. ^ JBL: Selected Speeches and Essays in Honor of Justice Jose B.L. Reyes, p. 57-58
  30. ^ Ricardo B. Teruel. Practical Lawyering in the Philippines. Revised Edition. Central Professional Books, 1999.
  31. ^ Section 17, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  32. ^ Section 19, Rule 138, Revised Rules of Court.
  33. ^ http://www.malaya.com.ph/apr23/busi7.htm
  34. ^ "AROUND THE WORLD; 12 Philippine Justices Resign in Scandal". www.query.nytimes.com. . Since the 1982 "Ericta Scandal", it was only in 2008 that the Court relaxed the fixed rules on passing grades amid the inhibitions of 5 Justices whose relatives took the exams.
  35. ^ "sun star, Bar leakage extends exams by one Sunday". 
  36. ^ a b "Results of the Philippine Bar Exams." TV Patrol World, ABS-CBN, March 2006.
  37. ^ Bar Examinations National Percentage
  38. ^ Roll of Attorneys of the Supreme Court, June 2007.
  39. ^ Faculty and alumni list, Ateneo School of Law, June 2007.
  40. ^ Faculty and alumni list, FEU Institute of Law, June 2007.
  41. ^ Faculty and alumni list, Lyceum of the Philippines College of Law, June 2007.
  42. ^ Faculty and alumni list, MLQU College of Law, June 2007.
  43. ^ Faculty and alumni list, San Beda College of Law, June 2007.
  44. ^ Faculty and alumni list, San Sebastian College-Recoletos College of Law, June 2007.
  45. ^ Faculty and alumni list, UE College of Law, June 2007.
  46. ^ Faculty and alumni list, UP College of Law, June 2007.
  47. ^ Faculty and alumni list, UST Faculty of Civil Law, June 2007.

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