Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association
The Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association, Inc. (PBMA) is a non-sectarian and non-profit charitable religious fraternal organization for men and women in the Philippines founded by Ruben Edera Ecleo Sr. (December 9, 1934 – December 20, 1987) in 1965 on the Philippine island of Dinagat, off the coast of Mindanao. Upon the senior Ecleo's death in 1987, he was succeeded by his son Ruben B. Ecleo Jr. who died in prison on May 13, 2021, after being convicted of killing his wife in 2002. PBMA has an estimated million members in the central and southern Philippines and abroad. It was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), in Makati, Philippines on October 19, 1965 under the Registration No. 28042. Its main office is located at San Jose, Province of Dinagat Islands.
According to sect doctrine, Ecleo Sr. was trained by "voices" to fluently read and write Arabic, Hebrew, Sanskrit, and Aramaic, in order to interpret the ancient mysteries. He also made predictions of the future based on Akashic records. PBMA followers also viewed Ecleo Sr. as a Christ-like figure, who could accomplish anything by reciting the Mantra, and like the Christ of the Bible, was also able to resurrect the dead. Ecleo's healing abilities were stated to have directly come from "our Divine Father by virtue of the sacred or divine prayers which are called in Occultism as Mantras." 
Sect leaders also stated that Ecleo Sr. has since his childhood been simultaneously present in many disparate locations, possibly as many different people. An example was his doing missionary work in Agusan del Sur, while also traveling in the province of Samar. All of his different persona possessed the ability to heal like the "Lord Jesus who first applied these powers in Judea..."
Murder and graft cases
Group members, described by local media organizations as heavily armed and willing to die for their leader, were thwarting police efforts to arrest Ruben Ecleo Jr. A source for the Manila Times reported that armed PBMA members made an oath to protect the ″supreme master″ (Ecleo), who was evading police efforts to arrest him for the murder of his wife, Alona Bacolod-Ecleo, a fourth year medical student. Bacolod-Ecleo was found strangled in a rubbish bag at the bottom of a cliff on Cebu island in January 2002. Ecleo Jr. was arrested after a bloody raid by law enforcement on Dinagat on June 19, 2002. Gunfire had erupted as a joint force of Philippine National Police and troopers from the Philippine Army's 20th Infantry Battalion moved in to serve an arrest warrant. The raid had begun after negotiations had broken down and approximately 2,000 PBMA followers had surrounded Ecelo's mansion and barred all access. A firefight with Ecleo's elite team of bodyguards, known as the White Eagles, then erupted and lasted through the night. Ecleo finally surrendered to police the next morning at 9 a.m. The gun battle during the night left 23 dead, including one police SWAT officer, and 16 armed PBMA members. During the raid, four members of his dead wife's family including Candy Ecleo were gunned down by a member of the PBMA security force in a possible cover-up attempt; the assailant was killed by police moments later, while attempting to flee the scene.
In October 2006, the Sandiganbayan sentenced Ecleo Jr. to thirty years in prison for entering a 1993 government contract in which the government lost about P2.4 million. He was found guilty of three counts of violation of the Republic Act 3019. His co-defendants, Anadelia Nalauan-Navarra and Ricardo Santillan, were convicted of twice violating the anti-graft laws and sentenced to six to ten years for each count.
Ecleo Jr. faced the parricide case before the Cebu City Regional Trial Court, Branch 23. However, the case dragged on because six judges recused. On April 25, 2008, 6th Judge Geraldine Faith Econg per 24-page resolution recused herself amid accusations and her own admission that two women approached her to ask how much would she need in payment for dropping the case.
There is often violence between the PBMA, other Christian groups, and the security forces in the islands. Such an incident occurred in 2000 when approximately one hundred members of the rival Pulahan sect launched an assault on a PBMA shrine on the island of Dinagat, in turn two hundred PBMA members counterattacked and hacked to death ten Pulahan followers as well as their leader Edecio Quinanola.
- Cult leader Ecleo dies, Philippine News Agency, May 13, 2021
- Philippines shoot-out leaves 17 dead BBC News June 19, 2002
- "PBMA founder a 'Christ-like' figure" Manila Times Gomez, Herbie June 9, 2002
- 23 Surigao Cultists Killed as Law Enforcers Arrest Ruben Ecleo Jr. Serrano, Ben Echeminada, Perseus Philippine Star June 20, 2002
- Cult leader gets 30 years in prison for corruption Manila Times Torres, Tetch October 14, 2006
- www.gmanews.tv/story, Another Cebu court judge inhibits self from Ecleo case
- Filipino cultists hacked to death BBC News December 15, 2000