Philippine House of Representatives elections, 1946

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Philippine House of Representatives elections, 1946
Philippines
← 1943 April 23, 1946 1949 →

All 98 seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines
50 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
NL
Sen Primicias.jpg
DA
Leader Eugenio Pérez Cipriano Primicias, Sr. Luis Taruc
Party Nacionalista (Liberal wing) Nacionalista Democratic Alliance
Leader's seat Pangasinan–2nd Pangasinan–4th Pampanga–2nd
Seats before new party 95 new party
Seats won 49 35 6
Seat change Increase 49 Decrease 60 Increase 6
Popular vote 908,740 1,069,971 152,410
Percentage 38.89% 45.78% 6.52%

Speaker before election

José Zulueta
Nacionalista

Elected Speaker

Eugenio Pérez
Nacionalista (Liberal wing)

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

The Elections for the House of Representatives of the Philippines were held on April 23, 1946. Held on the same day as the presidential election, it was held after the Nacionalista Party had split permanently into two factions: the "Conservative" faction headed by president Sergio Osmeña and the "Liberal" faction headed by Senate president Manuel Roxas which will later be the Liberal Party. Roxas and the Liberals won the elections leaving the Nacionalistas in the minority in both houses of Congress.

Candidates from the leftist Democratic Alliance won six seats in the House of Representatives but were not allowed to take their seats on grounds of fraud and violent campaign tactics during the election.[1] Five of them were later restored their seats but only after a constitution amendment concerning parity rights to U.S. citizens was approved. That approval was required by the Bell Trade Act of the United States Congress and led to the 1947 Philippine Parity Rights plebiscite to amend the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines.

Results[edit]

The top bar represents seats won, while the bottom bar represents the proportion of votes received.

49 35 6 5 3
38.89% 45.78% 6.52%
Nacionalista (Liberal wing) Nacionalista DA [1] [2]
1 Independents: 3.76%
2 Others: 4.87%
No seats won: 0.18% (white)
e • d Summary of the April 23, 1946 Philippine House of Representatives election results
Party Popular vote Seats won
Total  % Total  % +/−
Nacionalista 1,069,971 45.78% 35 35.71% Decrease 60
Nacionalista (Liberal wing) 908,740 38.89% 49 50.00% Increase 49
Democratic Alliance 152,410 6.52% 6 6.12% Increase 6
Popular Front 62,286 2.67% 1 1.02% Increase 1
Young Philippines 31,222 1.34% 1 1.02% Increase 1
Popular Democratic 20,089 0.86% 1 1.02% Increase 1
Laborite 3,324 0.14% 0 0.00% Steady
Modernist 570 0.02% 0 0.00% Steady
Republican 516 0.02% 0 0.00% Steady
Philippine Masses 56 0.00% 0 0.00% Steady
Independent 87,770 3.76% 5 5.10% Increase 2
Total 2,336,954 100% 98 100% Steady
Valid votes 2,336,954 80.62%
Registered voters 2,898,604 100%
Sources: Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz, Christof Hartmann, Graham Hassall & Soliman M. Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume II: South East Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific
.
 
& Julio Teehankee. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines" (PDF). quezon.ph. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dolan, Ronald E, ed. (1991), Philippines: A Country Study, Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress