Philippine House of Representatives elections, 1998

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Philippine House of Representatives elections, 1998
Philippines
1995 ←
May 11, 1998 → 2001

All 258 seats in the House of Representatives (including 38 underhang seats)
130 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Representative Sonny Belmonte.jpg Manny Villar T'nalak Festival 2009.jpg
LP
Leader Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. Manuel Villar, Jr. Raul Daza
Party Lakas LAMMP Liberal
Leader's seat Quezon City–4th Las Piñas Northern Samar–1st
Last election 100 seats, 40.66% new party 5 seats, 1.86%
Seats won 111 55 15
Seat change Increase 11 Increase 55 Increase 10
Popular vote 11,981,024 6,520,744 1,773,124
Percentage 49.01% 26.68% 7.25%
Swing Increase 8.35% Increase 26.68% Increase 5.39%

Speaker before election

Jose de Venecia, Jr.
Lakas

Elected Speaker

Manuel Villar, Jr.
LAMMP

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

The Elections for the House of Representatives of the Philippines were held on May 11, 1998. Held on the same day as the presidential election, the party of the incumbent president, Fidel V. Ramos' Lakas-NUCD-UMDP, won majority of the seats in the House of Representatives.[1] For the first time since the People Power Revolution, a party won majority of the seats in the House; Lakas had a seat over the majority. This is also the first Philippine elections that included the party-list system.[2]

However, with Joseph Estrada of the opposition Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP; an electoral alliance between the Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), the NPC and the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP)) winning the presidential election, the majority of the elected Lakas-NUCD-UMDP congressmen switched sides to LAMMP. This led to Manuel Villar, Jr. (formerly of Lakas but became a LAMMP member prior to the election) on being elected as the Speaker of the House.

The elected representatives served in the 11th Congress from 1998 to 2001.

Results[edit]

The top bar represents seats won, while the bottom bar represents the proportion of votes received.

District PL
111 64 16 15
14
49.20% 30.77% 11.86% 7.25%
Lakas-NUCD-UMDP LAMMP Others LP
.
[1] [2]
No seats won in districts: 0.93% (first white bar)
1 Party-lists with seats won: 37.46%
2 Party-lists with no seats won: 62.54%

District elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1998 Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts
Party Popular vote Seats won
Total  % Swing Total  % +/−
Lakas (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats–United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines) 11,981,024 49.01% Increase 8.35% 111 53.88% Increase 11
KAMPI (Partner of the Free Filipinos) 47,273 0.19% Increase 0.19% 0 0.00% Steady
Lakas-NUCD-UMDP coalition 12,028,297 49.20% Increase 8.54% 111 53.88% Increase 11
LAMMPA (Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses) 6,520,744 26.68% Increase 26.68% 55 26.70% Increase 55
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 998,239 4.08% Decrease 8.11% 9 4.37% Decrease 13
PMP (Party of the Filipino Masses) 2,010 0.01% Decrease 0.52% 0 0.00% Decrease 1
LAMMP coalition 7,520,993 30.77% Increase 18.05% 64 31.07% Increase 41
Liberal (Liberal Party) 1,773,124 7.25% Increase 5.39% 15 7.28% Increase 10
Reporma-LMB (Party for Democratic Reforms–Workers' Party) 966,653 3.95% Increase 3.95% 4 1.94% Increase 4
Lapiang Manggagawa (Workers' Party) 8,792 0.04% Decrease 0.50% 0 0.00% Steady
Reporma-LM coalition 975,445 3.99% Δ 3.45% 4 1.94% Δ 4
PROMDI (Provinces First Development Initiative) 586,954 2.40% Increase 2.40% 4 1.94% Increase 4
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 134,331 0.55% Decrease 0.13% 0 0.00% Decrease 1
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 106,843 0.44% Increase 0.44% 1 0.49% Increase 1
Ompia (Reform Party) 46,462 0.19% Increase 0.19% 1 0.49% Increase 1
PRP (People's Reform Party) 38,640 0.16% Decrease 0.73% 0 0.00% Steady
KBL (New Society Movement) 35,522 0.15% Decrease 0.80% 0 0.00% Decrease 1
PDSP (Philippine Democratic Socialist Party) 8,850 0.04% Steady 0 0.00% Steady
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 4,412 0.02% Decrease 0.78% 0 0.00% Decrease 1
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapabago (National Renewal Movement) 1,310 0.01% Increase 0.01% 0 0.00% Steady
Unaffiliated 348,281 1.42% Increase 1.42% 4 1.94% Increase 4
Independent 834,934 3.42% Decrease 3.79% 2 0.97% Increase 5
Total 24,444,398 100% 206 100% Increase 2
Valid votes 24,444,398 83.47%
Invalid votes 4,841,377 16.53%
Total turnout 29,285,775 86.46%
Registered voters 33,873,665 100%
Notes:

A. ^ Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino was the PMP/LDP/NPC coalition.
B. ^ Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma-Lapiang Manggagawa was the Reporma/LM coalition.

Sources: Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz, Christof Hartmann, Graham Hassall & Soliman M. Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume II: South East Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific
.
 

Party-list election[edit]

There were 52 seats for sectoral representatives that were contested. Each party has to get 2% of the national vote to win one seat; they would win an additional seat for every 2% of the vote, up to the maximum three seats. Only 14 party-list representatives were elected under this rule, leaving 38 unfilled seats. Eventually, the "2–4–6%" rule was ruled as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on October 6, 2000 on the case Veterans Federation Party, et. al. vs. COMELEC.[3] Despite this ruling, no additional seats were awarded to any party-lists.

e • d Summary of the May 11, 1998 Philippine House of Representatives election results for party-list representatives
Party Popular vote Seats
won
Total  %
APEC 503,487 5.50% 2
ABA 321,646 3.51% 1
Alagad 312,500 3.41% 1
VFP 304,902 3.33% 1
PROMDI 255,184 2.79% 1
AKO 239,042 2.61% 1
SCFO 238,303 2.60% 1
Abanse! Pinay 235,548 2.57% 1
Akbayan 232,376 2.54% 1
Butil 215,643 2.36% 1
Sanlakas 194,617 2.13% 1
Coop-NATCCO 189,802 2.07% 1
COCOFED 186,388 2.04% 1
Others 5,725,871 62.54% 0
Total 9,155,309 100% 14
Valid votes 9,155,309 31.26%
Invalid votes 20,130,466 68.74%
Total turnout 29,285,775 86.46%
Registered voters 33,873,665 100%
Sources: Supreme Court (October 6, 2000). "G.R. No. 136781". 
& Nohlen, Grotz, Hartmann, Hassall & Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: Vol II: South East Asia
.
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]