Philippine House of Representatives elections, 1998
All 258 seats in the House of Representatives (including 38 underhang seats)
130 seats needed for a majority
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Elections for the House of Representatives of the Philippines were held on May 11, 1998. Held on the same day as the presidential election, the party of the incumbent president, Fidel V. Ramos' Lakas-NUCD-UMDP, won majority of the seats in the House of Representatives. For the first time since the People Power Revolution, a party won majority of the seats in the House; Lakas had a seat over the majority. This is also the first Philippine elections that included the party-list system.
However, with Joseph Estrada of the opposition Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP; an electoral alliance between the Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), the NPC and the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP)) winning the presidential election, the majority of the elected Lakas-NUCD-UMDP congressmen switched sides to LAMMP. This led to Manuel Villar, Jr. (formerly of Lakas but became a LAMMP member prior to the election) on being elected as the Speaker of the House.
The elected representatives served in the 11th Congress from 1998 to 2001.
The top bar represents seats won, while the bottom bar represents the proportion of votes received.
|Party||Popular vote||Seats won|
|Lakas (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats–United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines)||11,981,024||49.01%||8.35%||111||53.88%||11|
|KAMPI (Partner of the Free Filipinos)||47,273||0.19%||0.19%||0||0.00%|
|LAMMPA (Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses)||6,520,744||26.68%||26.68%||55||26.70%||55|
|NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition)||998,239||4.08%||8.11%||9||4.37%||13|
|PMP (Party of the Filipino Masses)||2,010||0.01%||0.52%||0||0.00%||1|
|Liberal (Liberal Party)||1,773,124||7.25%||5.39%||15||7.28%||10|
|Reporma-LMB (Party for Democratic Reforms–Workers' Party)||966,653||3.95%||3.95%||4||1.94%||4|
|Lapiang Manggagawa (Workers' Party)||8,792||0.04%||0.50%||0||0.00%|
|Reporma-LM coalition||975,445||3.99%||Δ 3.45%||4||1.94%||Δ 4|
|PROMDI (Provinces First Development Initiative)||586,954||2.40%||2.40%||4||1.94%||4|
|PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power)||134,331||0.55%||0.13%||0||0.00%||1|
|Aksyon (Democratic Action)||106,843||0.44%||0.44%||1||0.49%||1|
|Ompia (Reform Party)||46,462||0.19%||0.19%||1||0.49%||1|
|PRP (People's Reform Party)||38,640||0.16%||0.73%||0||0.00%|
|KBL (New Society Movement)||35,522||0.15%||0.80%||0||0.00%||1|
|PDSP (Philippine Democratic Socialist Party)||8,850||0.04%||0||0.00%|
|Nacionalista (Nationalist Party)||4,412||0.02%||0.78%||0||0.00%||1|
|Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapabago (National Renewal Movement)||1,310||0.01%||0.01%||0||0.00%|
|Sources: Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz, Christof Hartmann, Graham Hassall & Soliman M. Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Volume II: South East Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific.
There were 52 seats for sectoral representatives that were contested. Each party has to get 2% of the national vote to win one seat; they would win an additional seat for every 2% of the vote, up to the maximum three seats. Only 14 party-list representatives were elected under this rule, leaving 38 unfilled seats. Eventually, the "2–4–6%" rule was ruled as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on October 6, 2000 on the case Veterans Federation Party, et. al. vs. COMELEC. Despite this ruling, no additional seats were awarded to any party-lists.
|Sources: Supreme Court (October 6, 2000). "G.R. No. 136781".
& Nohlen, Grotz, Hartmann, Hassall & Santos.
Elections in Asia and the Pacific: Vol II: South East Asia.
- Quezon, Manuel III (2007-06-06). "An abnormal return to normality". PCIJ.org. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Supreme Court (October 6, 2000). "G.R. No. 136781".