Philippine Independence Medal
|Philippine Independence Medal|
(Philippine Independence Ribbon)
|Awarded by the Republic of the Philippines|
|Awarded for||Participation during the invasion of the Philippines period and in the Philippine Campaign:
8 Dec. 1941 to 15 June 1942 and
17 Oct. 1944 to 2 Sept. 1945
|Campaign(s)||Philippine Campaign, WWII|
|Established||3 July 1946 (Ribbon)
|Next (higher)||Philippine Defense Medal|
|Next (lower)||Philippine Liberation Medal|
The Philippine Independence Medal is a military award and decoration of the Republic of the Philippines which was created by order of the Philippine Army Headquarters on 3 July 1946 as the Philippine Independence Ribbon. The medal was added in 1968. The medal recognizes those members of the military who had participated in multiple Philippine Commonwealth military operations during the years of World War II.
To be awarded the Philippine Independence Medal, a service member must have previously received both the Philippine Defense Medal and the Philippine Liberation Medal (authority for wear must be recorded before 24 November 1954).
The award criteria effectively awarded the medal to anyone who had participated in both the initial resistance against Japanese invasion and also in the campaigns to liberate the Philippines from Japanese occupation in 1945. The service member must have also served on active duty in the Philippines on and after July 4, 1946.
The decoration was also authorized for award to the United States and other foreign militaries, with a number of retroactive awards presented between 1945 and 1948. A famous American recipient was General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.
- Ramon A. Alcaraz
- Frank A. Armstrong
- Donald Blackburn
- Jose Calugas
- Edwin A. Doss
- Richard W. Fellows
- Leslie Fernandez
- Harold K. Johnson
- Emilio S. Liwanag
- Douglas MacArthur
- Paul J. Mueller
- Emmett O'Donnell, Jr.
- Manuel F. Segura
- Arthur D. Simons
- Jonathan M. Wainwright (general)
- Herman Mares
- The AFP Adjutant General, AFP Awards and Decorations Handbook, 1995, 1997, OTAG.
|This article related to orders, decorations, and medals is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|