Philippine Liberation Medal
|Philippine Liberation Medal|
Philippine Liberation Medal
|Awarded by Republic of the Philippines|
|Eligibility||participation in the liberation of the Philippine Islands from 17 October 1944 to 3 September 1945|
|Established||20 December 1944 (Ribbon)|
22 July 1945 (Medal)
|First awarded||1948 (United States)|
The Philippine Liberation Medal is a military award of the Republic of the Philippines which was created by an order of Commonwealth Army of the Philippines Headquarters on 20 December 1944, and was issued as the Philippine Liberation Ribbon. The decoration was presented to any service member, of both Philippine Commonwealth and allied militaries, who participated in the liberation of the Philippine Islands between the dates of 17 October 1944, and 2 September 1945. A full-sized medal was authorized and added on 22 July 1945.
The Philippine Liberation Medal is intended to recognize military service during the last eleven months of World War II when the military of Japan was driven from the Philippines before their surrender in September 1945.
- Participation in the initial landing operation of Leyte and adjoining islands from 17 October to 20 October 1944. An individual is considered to have participated in such operations if he landed on Leyte or adjoining islands, was on a ship in Philippine waters, or was a crewmember of an airplane, which flew over Philippine territory during the period.
- Participation in any engagement against hostile Japanese forces on Leyte and adjoining islands during the Philippine Liberation Campaign of 17 October 1944, to 2 September 1945.
- Participation in any engagement against hostile Japanese forces on islands other than those mentioned above during the Philippine Liberation Campaign of 17 October 1944, to 2 September 1945.
- Served in the Philippine Islands or on ships in Philippine waters for not less than 30 days during the period.
Personnel who are awarded the medal for participation in any of the above-mentioned operations are authorized a bronze 3⁄16" service star to the Philippine Liberation Medal for each additional qualifying action.
Members of the United States Armed Forces included the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary. Those members were also eligible to receive the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, often with a service star, for participation in the liberation of the Philippines.
The U.S. Army authorized the medal on 8 March 1948.
In the United Kingdom in 2003, three former servicemen (Glyndwr Thomas Evan Collins, who fought in the World War II liberation of the Philippines, Constantine Shiels, and Frank Broomhead) were awarded the medal by the Philippine ambassador Edgardo B. Espiritu, under General Orders Number 1090.
- The AFP Adjutant General, AFP Awards and Decorations Handbook, 1995, 1997, OTAG.