Philippine National Police Maritime Group

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Philippine National Police Maritime Group
Philippine National Police Maritime Group logo.png
Common namePNP Maritime Group
AbbreviationPNP-MG
Motto"By Land and Sea. We Overcome."
Agency overview
FormedJanuary 16, 1991
Preceding agencies
  • Constabulary Off-Shore Anti-Crime Battalion (COSAC)
  • PNP Maritime Police Command (PNP-MARICOM)
  • Constabulary Boat Service[1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPHI
Operational structure
HeadquartersHeadquarters Maritime Group, Camp BGen Rafael T Crame, Quezon City
Agency executive
  • Police Brigadier General Omega Jireh D. Fidel[2], DMG
Parent agencyPhilippine National Police
Notables
Significant operation
  • Maritime Law Enforcement, Anti-Criminality, Public Safety and Internal Security
Website
mg.pnp.gov.ph

The Philippine National Police Maritime Group (PNP-MG) is a National Operational Support Unit (NOSU) of the Philippine National Police mandated to perform all police functions, ensure public safety and internal security over Philippine territorial waters, rivers and coastal areas to include ports and harbors and sustain the protection of the maritime environment.[3] The unit was created along with the PNP by virtue of Republic Act RA 6975 otherwise known as Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 (Section 35.b.1):[4]

Philippine National Police (PNP) Maritime Group member communicates with other PNP forces during a direct action training scenario as part of the Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West exercise Aug. 6, 2014, in Puerto Princesa, Philippines

History[edit]

PNP Maritime Group patrol boat on the Iloilo River, Iloilo City

The concept of a maritime police unit emanated during the days of Philippine Constabulary that led to the creation of a seaborne battalion called Constabulary Off-Shore Anti-Crime Battalion (COSAC) on February 1, 1971. The COSAC was tasked to suppress all criminal activities that affects the environment. After the establishment of the Philippine National Police through Republic Act 6975,[4] the Maritime Police Command (MARICOM) was created on January 16, 1991, by virtue of NHQ Philippine National Police General Orders No. 58 as one of the National Support Units of the PNP. The original members of the Maritime Command are personnel of Philippine Constabulary, Philippine Navy, Integrated National Police and Philippine Coast Guard. On September 12, 1996, the National Police Commission (Philippines) issued the Resolution No.96-058, changing the name of the Maritime Police Command (MARICOM) to Maritime Group (MG).[5]

Mission[edit]

To perform all police functions and ensure public safety and internal security over Philippine territorial waters and rivers including ports of entry and exit; and sustain the protection of the maritime environment.

Specifically, PNP-MG has the following functions:

  • To train, equip, mobilize, organize and manage resources for effective maritime law enforcement and internal security operations;
  • To enforce all laws, rules, regulations and ordinances relative to the protection of lives, properties and environment;
  • To arrest, investigate and assist in the prosecution of terrorists, smuggling, drug traffickers and other criminal element;
  • To conduct search and rescue operations.[6]

Legal Basis[edit]

As an integral part of the PNP, Maritime Group shares PNP’s mandates, albeit on a more specific territorial jurisdiction. While the PNP is mandated to perform all police functions all over the Philippines’ national territory, including but not limited to the land and water territories, Maritime Group’s mandate generally applies only in the Philippine territorial waters and rivers including ports of entry and exit. These mandate and jurisdiction were anchored on the following legal bases:

1987 Philippine Constitution[edit]

The 1987 Philippine Constitution mandated the creation of one national police force that is civilian in character. Today, that national police force came out to become the Philippine National Police (PNP). The national scope of the PNP draws its definition from the Article I of this Constitution, stating that:

″The National Territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas.″

It shows that as the national scope of the PNP covers the national territory, the jurisdiction where its police functions would apply covers not only the land but also on aerial and sea territories of the country. Incidentally, Maritime Group is the arm of the PNP having jurisdiction in the sea territory of the country.[7]

Republic Act No. 6975 and its IRR[edit]

The passing into law of RA 6975 on December 13, 1990, merged and reorganized the PC/INP. This resulted in the dissolution of the Philippine Constabulary and the creation of the Philippine National Police. The Maritime Group was created under the same law as one of the PNP’s National Operational Support Units.[4]

Creation of a Maritime Police Unit[edit]

Section 32.b (1) of RA 6975 and its IRR created the “Maritime Police Unit headed by a Director with the rank of Chief Superintendent… (that) shall perform all police functions over Philippine territorial waters and rivers including ports of entry and exit ”. This Maritime Police Unit evolved to become the Maritime Group as it exists now. The scope of PNP covers the national territory, not only on the terrestrial but includes the maritime domain. As the sole national police of the country, the PNP has absorbed, assumed and taken-over the police function of the Coast Guard under this law.[4]

Absorption, Assumption and Take-over by PNP of the Police Function of Coast Guard[edit]

Section 24 of RA 6975 provided the various police function of PNP and the additional functions absorbed from different agencies, in an effort to comply with the constitutional requirement that there shall be one national police force. This section specified the Powers and Functions of the PNP. It also requires that “the PNP shall absorb… the police functions of the Coast Guard.”

Section 86 of the law reiterated this as it provides the Assumption by the PNP of Police Functions. This provision mandates that “the police functions of the Coast Guard shall be taken over by the PNP.” Effectively, these provisions of the law dissolved the police functions of these agencies, Coast Guard included. To date this day, no law repealed these provisions.

Specifically, the absorption and take-over of police functions are viewed as a move to comply with the constitutional mandate that there shall only be one police force in the country. Generally, it is understood that the police function of the Coast Guard that was absorbed and taken-over by the PNP, has been vested upon and assumed by the Maritime Group as it performs these functions to this day.[4]

Organization[edit]

The unit is currently headed by Police Brigadier General Omega Jireh D. Fidel as DMG (Director, Maritime Group). The Command Group is composed of Police Colonel Leumar U Abugan - Deputy Director for Administration, Police Colonel Pedro D Soliba - Deputy Director for Operations, and Police Colonel Anthony A Aberin - Chief of Staff.[8]

Today, the PNP Maritime Group is organized into 17 Regional Maritime Units (RMUs) and three (3) Special Operations Units (SOUs).

Regional Maritime Unit[edit]

RMUs are present in all the 17 regions of the country. Their mandated tasks include:

  • Provide support to the Police Regional Offices (PROAs) by conducting anti-criminality, public safety internal security and anti-terrorism operations in the maritime environment;
  • Enforce environmental and maritime laws; and
  • To conduct tactical boat operations and maritime investigations.
PNP Maritime Group police conduct direct action training mission with JIATF West ODA Special Forces operators

Special Operations Unit[edit]

In response to the increasing number of criminal activities committed at sea, the National Police Commission (Philippines) approved the activation of Three (3) Special Operations Units (SOUs) under the direct operational and administrative control of PNP Maritime Group. These units are envisioned to protect the territorial waters of the Philippines by providing rapid and highly mobile seaborne law enforcement response.

The operational jurisdiction of these SOUs are as follows:

  • 1st SOU-MG - maritime areas of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and Isabela City;
  • 2nd SOU-MG - maritime areas of Palawan Province and the Visayas; and
  • 3rd SOU-MG - maritime areas of Luzon including the Batanes Islands.

[9]

PNP Maritime Group member waits to clear rooms of an abandoned hotel

Current rank structure and classification (2019–present)[edit]

As of February 8, 2019, a new rank structure and classification for the Philippine National Police was adopted, eliminating the confusion with the old ranks. [10] [11] The enabling law for the ranking is Republic Act 11200 which was signed by President Rodrigo Duterte, amending the section of the Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 that refers to the ranking classification of the Philippine National Police.[12]

However, the usage of this classification internally by the PNP was put on hold in March 2019 during the creation of rules and regulations (IRR) of the rank classification, which determined how each rank would be officially abbreviated.[13] The new rank abbreviations and the IRR of the new rank system officially took effect on March 25, 2019.[14][15]

Full set of ranks[edit]

Per the current (2019) rank system, the National Police has no rank holders of Second Lieutenant, Technical Sergeant, Sergeant and Patrolman First Class.

Insignia Rank[15]
PNP PCSUPT.png Police Brigadier General (PBGEN)
PNP PSSUPT.png Police Colonel (PCOL)
PNP PSUPT.png Police Lieutenant Colonel (PLTCOL)
PNP PCI.png Police Major (PMAJ)
PNP PSI.png Police Captain (PCPT)
PNP PI.png Police Lieutenant (PLT)
PNP SPO4.png Police Executive Master Sergeant (PEMS)
PNP SPO3.png Police Chief Master Sergeant (PCMS)
PNP SPO2.png Police Senior Master Sergeant (PSMS)
PNP SPO1.png Police Master Sergeant (PMSg)
PNP PO3.png Police Staff Sergeant (PSSg)
PNP PO2.png Police Corporal (PCpl)
PNP PO1.png Patrolman / Patrolwoman (Pat)
Insignia Former rank system (1991-2019)[15]
PNP PCSUPT.png Police Chief Superintendent (PCSUPT)
PNP PSSUPT.png Police Senior Superintendent (PSSUPT)
PNP PSUPT.png Police Superintendent (PSUPT)
PNP PCI.png Police Chief Inspector (PCINSP)
PNP PSI.png Police Senior Inspector (PSINSP)
PNP PI.png Police Inspector (PINSP)
PNP SPO4.png Senior Police Officer IV (SPO4)
PNP SPO3.png Senior Police Officer III (SPO3)
PNP SPO2.png Senior Police Officer II (SPO2)
PNP SPO1.png Senior Police Officer I (SPO1)
PNP PO3.png Police Officer III (PO3)
PNP PO2.png Police Officer II (PO2)
PNP PO1.png Police Officer I (PO1)

Sea assets[edit]

Type Photo # of Ships Origin Note
Baywatch 55' Patrol Boat Philippine National Police boat in Iloilo River.JPG >2  Philippines Donated, catamaran-hulled design. PB-103 and PB-105 seen in Manila Bay area.
Sea Ark Dauntless 48' Patrol Boat PNP Maritime Group PGB Dauntless-class boats.png 4  United States Aluminium hulled. Provided by US government in 2016. Assigned in Palawan.[16]
Naiad 33' Police Gun Boat (PGB) PNP MARIG 33ft PB.jpg 6  United States Aluminium hulled. Provided by US government in August 2010.[17][18] More units provided by the US government in later years. 2 more donated by US government in August 2012.[19] Boat no. SBU001 to SBU006.
PNP 40' High Speed Tactical Watercraft (HSTW) Als Marine High Speed Tactical Watercraft.jpg 50  Philippines Fibreglass hulled, 45-knot tactical boats. First 21 units built by Propmech Corporation-Safehull Technologies joint venture and delivered starting late 2018.[20] Next 7 units built by Als Marine-FB Design joint venture and were delivered in early 2019.[21] Third batch of 22 units were awarded to Dynamic Power and for delivery by 2020.[22]
Stoneworks Orient Craft 914 Police Fast Boat (PFB) PNP Maritime Group PFB police fast boat.png 25  Philippines 9.14m long, acquired in 2012, fibreglass hulled Used in Regions 9, 10, 11, 12 and ARMM.[23][24]
Rigid-hulled inflatable boat 2011-09-25 Bonn DLRG Rettungsboot Cassius 01.JPG unknown From multiple suppliers Acquired through several sources and projects
Rubber boat PNPMARIG RubberBoats1.jpg 107 From multiple suppliers 21 units received in June 2010, 85 units acquired in 2010.[16][23]

Operational accomplishments[edit]

Maritime Group members prepare to move after completing a direct action training scenario as part of the Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West exercise Aug. 6, 2014, in Puerto Princesa, Philippines

The PNP Maritime Group is very active in the conduct of maritime law enforcement operations which resulted to several notable operational accomplishments. The unit is focused on preventing and/or arresting dynamite and cyanide fishers, wildlife law violators and foreign commercial vessels that are intruding in the country. For 2014, the unit accomplished the following:

  • arrest of 36 persons for violating Forestry Law of the Philippines;
  • seizure of Php 2 million (41,220.54 US Dollar) worth of illegally cut timber and other forest product;
  • arrest of 23 foreigners ( including 11 Vietnamese and 11 Chinese nationals) for violations of fisheries and wildlife laws of the Philippines;
  • confiscation of Php 7 million (144,271.89 US Dollar) worth of illegally caught fish and other wildlife products; and
  • the poachers paying US$2 million in administrative fines to the government.

The PNP-MG confiscated an estimated Php107 million worth (2.2 million US Dollar) of evidence.[25]

Maritime Group's Role in the Battle of Marawi[edit]

The PNP Maritime Group deployed one of its patrol craft, the Police Fast Boat (PFB)221 with personnel complement from its Regional Maritime Unit (RMU) 12 in General Santos City, MG-Special Operations Unit 1 from Tawi-Tawi, and RMU 10 from Cagayan de Oro City. The PNP MG personnel is part of the combined security forces composed of Philippine Navy and Philippine Coast Guard in securing the vicinity of Lake Lanao in Marawi. Their role in securing the lake is not easy as they were in the receiving end of sniper shots.[26][27][28]

For their service in the conflict, Sixteen PNP MG personnel were meritoriously promoted for their service in the Marawi siege.[29]

Chinese Fishermen Poaching of more than 500 Sea turtles in Palawan[edit]

On May 6, 2014, a PNP Maritime Group patrol intercepted a Chinese fishing vessel loaded with about 500 live and dead Sea turtles, of assorted species, off the coast of Western Palawan. Nine (9) Chinese fishermen were arrested and later charged for violations of Fishery and Wildlife laws of the Philippines.[30] A total of 555 Sea turtles were recovered based on the inventory of the PNP Maritime Group. Of these total, 177 were alive and were released immediately back to wild. The maritime police investigators also discovered that 207 sea turtles were slaughtered and stuffed by the Chinese fishermen. [31]

Vietnamese Fishermen arrested for poaching[edit]

Members of the Philippine National Police (PNP) Maritime Group prepare to board during a boat inspection training scenario as part of the JIATF West exercise Aug. 5, 2014, in Palawan, Philippines.
  • On October 21, 2013, 13 Vietnamese fishermen were arrested for poaching and illegal entry. Upon inspection of their cargo hold, Maritime Group personnel discovered an undetermined number of Sea turtles, mostly slaughtered for meat and frozen in the onboard refrigerators. The Vietnamese poachers were detained and later charged in court for violations of Philippine Fisheries Law.[32]
  • On March 26, 2014, a Vietnamese vessel marked KH-96365-TS was intercepted by PNP Maritime Group operatives for poaching off the waters of Taytay, Palawan. The maritime police operatives discovered about 50 assorted dead sharks, including great white sharks, bull sharks and hammerhead sharks, all believed to be caught in Philippine waters. They were charged in court for violations of Philippine Fisheries Law.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080617203054/http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/history.html
  2. ^ "Maritime Group, Ilocos Region PNP get new chiefs". pna.gov.ph. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  3. ^ "The Philippine National Police". gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  4. ^ a b c d e "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6975 AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE UNDER A REORGANIZED DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES". gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  5. ^ "Philippine Maritime Group". Pulis @ Ur Serbis. UN Television Channel 37. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  6. ^ "About Us". mg.pnp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  7. ^ "The Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". officialgazette.gov.ph. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  8. ^ "Key Officers". mg.pnp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  9. ^ Czarina Nicole O. Ong. "PNP's Maritime Group now has operating units in critical waters". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  10. ^ Cervantes, Filane Mikee (21 February 2019). "New PNP rank classification removes confusion in calling cops". Republic of the Philippines News Agency. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 11200". Official Gazette. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  12. ^ Ranada, Pia. "From SPO1 to sergeant: New law gives military rank names to police". Rappler. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  13. ^ Narra, Roy (9 March 2019). "PNP reverts to old ranking classification". Manila Times. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  14. ^ Tupas, Emmanuel (27 March 2019). "PNP resumes use of new ranks". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  15. ^ a b c Sadongdong, Martin (26 March 2019). "Modified PNP rank classification takes effect". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  16. ^ a b "PNP unit gets patrol boats". Inquirer.net. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Philippine Boat Police on Patrol". Naiad Design Ltd. 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  18. ^ "PNP receives 4 new patrol boats from US". Philstar.com through Yahoo! News. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  19. ^ "US helps Philippines fortify defense in Palawan". Inquirer.net. 2016-08-31. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Subic Freeport firm builds PH coastal defense boats". Philippine News Agency. 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  21. ^ "The PNP Maritime Group inspected the 7 units High Speed Tactical Watercraft that the PNP ordered from Als Marine-FB Design Joint Venture". MaxDefense Philippines. 2018-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  22. ^ "SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF 22 UNITS HIGH SPEED TACTICAL WATERCRAFT UNDER PUBLIC BIDDING NO. PNP-18-34G". Philippine National Police - Bids and Awards Committee. September 2018. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  23. ^ a b "PNP beefs up patrols on PH coasts vs. drugs, crimes". www.pna.gov.ph.
  24. ^ "PNP to deploy more troops this election as election-related violence reaches 35 - UNTV News". May 3, 2019.
  25. ^ Alfred P. Dalizon. "PNP Maritime Group banks on support of US, other partners". www.journal.com.ph/. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  26. ^ Tima, Raffy (August 3, 2017). "This PNP Maritime Group unit from General Santos City forms part of the security cordon on Lake Lanao vs Maute-ISIS in Marawi.pic.twitter.com/EyASsdjERd".
  27. ^ "Strict security imposed in Lake Lanao vs. Maute members". GMA News Online.
  28. ^ "24 Oras: Pagpapatrolya sa Lake Lanao na posibleng daanan ng mga papatakas na Maute, pinaigting". 24 Oras. GMA News and Public Affairs. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  29. ^ "745 cops promoted for service in Marawi; DILG urges PNP to emulate their commitment to duty - News - DILG". dilg.gov.ph.
  30. ^ Pia Ranada. "Chinese fishers face charges for crime in PH". Rappler.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  31. ^ Edu Punay. "China poachers charged; turtles returned to sea". philstar.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  32. ^ "13 Vietnamese arrested off Palawan for poaching". Rappler.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  33. ^ "Vietnamese poachers nabbed in Palawan". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2016-10-17.