Philippine National Police Maritime Group

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Philippine National Police Maritime Group
Philippine National Police Maritime Group logo.png
Common namePNP Maritime Group
AbbreviationPNP-MG
Motto"By Land, By Sea. We Overcome."
Agency overview
FormedJanuary 16, 1991
Preceding agencies
  • Constabulary Off-Shore Anti-Crime Battalion (COSAC)
  • PNP Maritime Police Command (PNP-MARICOM)
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPHI
HeadquartersHeadquarters Maritime Group, Camp BGen Rafael TCrame, Quezon City

Agency executive
  • Police Brigadier General Rodelio B Jocson [1], Chief
Parent agencyPhilippine National Police
Significant operation(s)
  • Maritime Law Enforcement, Anti-Criminality, Public Safety and Internal Security
Website
mg.pnp.gov.ph

The Philippine National Police Maritime Group (PNP-MG) is one of the twelve (12) National Operational Support Unit (NOSU) of the Philippine National Police mandated to perform all police functions over Philippine territorial waters, lakes and rivers, coastal areas to include ports and harbors and small islands for the security and the sustainable development of the maritime environment in the Philippines.[2] The unit was created along with the PNP by virtue of Republic Act RA 6975 otherwise known as Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 (Section 35.b.1):[3]

Philippine National Police (PNP) Maritime Group member communicates with other PNP forces during a direct action training scenario as part of the Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West exercise Aug. 6, 2014, in Puerto Princesa, Philippines

History[edit]

PNP Maritime Group patrol boat on the Iloilo River, Iloilo City

The concept of a maritime police unit emanated during the days of Philippine Constabulary that led to the creation of a seaborne battalion called Constabulary Off-Shore Anti-Crime Battalion (COSAC) on February 1, 1971. The COSAC was tasked to suppress all criminal activities that affects the environment. After the establishment of the Philippine National Police through Republic Act 6975,[3] the Maritime Police Command (MARICOM) was created on January 16, 1991, by virtue of NHQ Philippine National Police General Orders No. 58 as one of the National Support Units of the PNP. The original members of the Maritime Command are personnel of Armed Forces of the Philippines, Philippine Marine Corps, Integrated National Police and Philippine Coast Guard. On September 12, 1996, the National Police Commission (Philippines) issued the Resolution No.96-058, changing the name of the Maritime Police Command (MARICOM) to Maritime Group (MG).[4]

Mission[edit]

To perform all police functions and ensure public safety and internal security over Philippine territorial waters and rivers including ports of entry and exit; and sustain the protection of the maritime environment. These include the following specific functions:

Functions[edit]

  • To train, equip, mobilize, organize and manage resources for effective maritime law enforcement and internal security operations;
  • To enforce all laws, rules, regulations and ordinances relative to the protection of lives, properties and environment;
  • To arrest, investigate and assist in the prosecution of terrorists, smuggling, drug traffickers and other criminal element;
  • To conduct search and rescue operations.[5]

Organization[edit]

The unit is currently headed by Police Brigadier General Rodelio B Jocson as DMG (Director, Maritime Group).[1] The Command Group is composed of Police Colonel John Mitchel V Jamili - Deputy Director for Administration, Police Lieutenant Colonel Belli B Tamayo - Deputy Director for Operations, and Police Colonel Leumar U Abugan, Chief of Staff.

Today, the PNP Maritime Group is organized into 17 Regional Maritime Units (RMUs) and three (3) Special Operations Units (SOUs).

PNP Maritime Group police conduct direct action training mission with JIATF West ODA Special Forces operators

Special Operations Unit[edit]

In response to the increasing number of criminal activities committed at sea, the National Police Commission (Philippines) approved the activation of Three (3) Special Operations Units (SOUs) under the direct operational and administrative control of PNP Maritime Group. These units are envisioned to protect the territorial waters of the Philippines by providing rapid and highly mobile seaborne law enforcement response.

The operational jurisdiction of these SOUs are as follows:

  • 1st SOU-MG - maritime areas of Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and Isabela City;
  • 2nd SOU-MG - maritime areas of Palawan Province; and
  • 3rd SOU-MG - maritime areas of Zamboanga, Maguindanao, and Lantawan, Basilan.

SOU mandates and tasks include:

  • To support the Police Regional Offices (PROs) by conducting security, anti-terrorism and anti-criminality operations;
  • Enforce environmental and maritime laws; and
  • To conduct tactical boat operations and maritime investigations.[6]
PNP Maritime Group member waits to clear rooms of an abandoned hotel

Sea assets[edit]

Type Photo # of Ships Origin Note
Baywatch 55' Patrol Boat >2  Philippines Donated, catamaran-hulled design. PB-103 and PB-105 seen in Manila Bay area.
Sea Ark Dauntless 48' Patrol Boat US Navy 061211-N-8252J-241 Inshore Boat Unit Five One (IBU-51) and IBU-52 conduct boat maneuver training in Coronado Bay to ensure mission readiness.jpg 4  United States Aluminium hulled. Provided by US government in 2016. Assigned in Palawan.[7]
Naiad 33' Patrol Boat PNP MARIG 33ft PB.jpg 6  United States Aluminium hulled. Provided by US government in August 2010.[8][9] More units provided by the US government in later years. 2 more donated by US government in August 2012.[10] Boat no. SBU001 to SBU006.
PNP 40' High Speed Tactical Watercraft Als Marine High Speed Tactical Watercraft.jpg 28 (+22)  Philippines Fibreglass hulled, 45-knot tactical boats. First 21 units built by Propmech Corporation-Safehull Technologies joint venture and delivered starting late 2018.[11] Next 7 units built by Als Marine-FB Design joint venture and were delivered in early 2019.[12] Third batch of 22 units currently being tendered and is expected to be awarded within the 1st half of 2019.[13]
Stoneworks Orient Craft 914 Patrol Boat 10  Philippines 9.14m long, acquired in 2012, fibreglass hulled Used in Regions 9, 10, 11, 12 and ARMM.
Rigid-hulled inflatable boat 2011-09-25 Bonn DLRG Rettungsboot Cassius 01.JPG unknown From multiple suppliers Acquired through several sources and projects
Rubber boat PNPMARIG RubberBoats1.jpg 85 From multiple suppliers 21 units received in June 2010, 85 units acquired in 2010.[7]

Operational accomplishments[edit]

Maritime Group members prepare to move after completing a direct action training scenario as part of the Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West exercise Aug. 6, 2014, in Puerto Princesa, Philippines

The PNP Maritime Group is very active in the conduct of maritime law enforcement operations which resulted to several notable operational accomplishments. The unit is focused on preventing and/or arresting dynamite and cyanide fishers, wildlife law violators and foreign commercial vessels that are intruding in the country. For 2014, the unit accomplished the following:

  • arrest of 36 persons for violating Forestry Law of the Philippines;
  • seizure of Php 2 million (41,220.54 US Dollar) worth of illegally cut timber and other forest product;
  • arrest of 23 foreigners ( including 11 Vietnamese and 11 Chinese nationals) for violations of fisheries and wildlife laws of the Philippines;
  • confiscation of Php 7 million (144,271.89 US Dollar) worth of illegally caught fish and other wildlife products; and
  • the poachers paying US$2 million in administrative fines to the government.

The PNP-MG confiscated an estimated Php107 million worth (2.2 million US Dollar) of evidence.[14]

Chinese Fishermen Poaching of more than 500 Sea turtles in Palawan[edit]

On May 6, 2014, a PNP Maritime Group patrol intercepted a Chinese fishing vessel loaded with about 500 live and dead Sea turtles, of assorted species, off the coast of Western Palawan. Nine (9) Chinese fishermen were arrested and later charged for violations of Fishery and Wildlife laws of the Philippines.[15] A total of 555 Sea turtles were recovered based on the inventory of the PNP Maritime Group. Of these total, 177 were alive and were released immediately back to wild. The maritime police investigators also discovered that 207 sea turtles were slaughtered and stuffed by the Chinese fishermen. [16]

Vietnamese Fishermen arrested for poaching[edit]

Members of the Philippine National Police (PNP) Maritime Group prepare to board during a boat inspection training scenario as part of the JIATF West exercise Aug. 5, 2014, in Palawan, Philippines.
  • On October 21, 2013, 13 Vietnamese fishermen were arrested for poaching and illegal entry. Upon inspection of their cargo hold, Maritime Group personnel discovered an undetermined number of Sea turtles, mostly slaughtered for meat and frozen in the onboard refrigerators. The Vietnamese poachers were detained and later charged in court for violations of Philippine Fisheries Law.[17]
  • On March 26, 2014, a Vietnamese vessel marked KH-96365-TS was intercepted by PNP Maritime Group operatives for poaching off the waters of Taytay, Palawan. The maritime police operatives discovered about 50 assorted dead sharks, including great white sharks, bull sharks and hammerhead sharks, all believed to be caught in Philippine waters. They were charged in court for violations of Philippine Fisheries Law.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alfred Dalizon. "3 new PNP unit directors installed today". Journal.com. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  2. ^ "The Philippine National Police". gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  3. ^ a b "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6975 AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE UNDER A REORGANIZED DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES". gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  4. ^ "Philippine Maritime Group". Pulis @ Ur Serbis. UN Television Channel 37. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  5. ^ "About Us". mg.pnp.gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  6. ^ Czarina Nicole O. Ong. "PNP's Maritime Group now has operating units in critical waters". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  7. ^ a b "PNP unit gets patrol boats". Inquirer.net. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Philippine Boat Police on Patrol". Naiad Design Ltd. 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  9. ^ "PNP receives 4 new patrol boats from US". Philstar.com through Yahoo! News. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  10. ^ "US helps Philippines fortify defense in Palawan". Inquirer.net. 2016-08-31. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Subic Freeport firm builds PH coastal defense boats". Philippine News Agency. 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  12. ^ "The PNP Maritime Group inspected the 7 units High Speed Tactical Watercraft that the PNP ordered from Als Marine-FB Design Joint Venture". MaxDefense Philippines. 2018-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  13. ^ "SUPPLY AND DELIVERY OF 22 UNITS HIGH SPEED TACTICAL WATERCRAFT UNDER PUBLIC BIDDING NO. PNP-18-34G". Philippine National Police - Bids and Awards Committee. September 2018. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  14. ^ Alfred P. Dalizon. "PNP Maritime Group banks on support of US, other partners". www.journal.com.ph/. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  15. ^ Pia Ranada. "Chinese fishers face charges for crime in PH". Rappler.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  16. ^ Edu Punay. "China poachers charged; turtles returned to sea". philstar.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  17. ^ "13 Vietnamese arrested off Palawan for poaching". Rappler.com. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
  18. ^ "Vietnamese poachers nabbed in Palawan". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2016-10-17.