Philippine Normal University

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Philippine Normal University
Pamantasang Normal ng Pilipinas
PNU Official Seal.jpg
Former names
Philippine Normal School
Philippine Normal College
Motto Truth. Excellence. Service.
Established 1 September 1901
Type National university
Research university
President Dr. Ester B. Ogena[1]
Vice-president Dr. Ma. Antoinette Montealegre
(VP for Academics)
Dr. Wilma Reyes
(VP for Research, Planning, & Quality Assurance)
Dr. Rebecca Nueva España
(VP for Finance & Administration)
Dr. Larry A. Gabao
(VP for University Relations & Advancement)
Location Taft Avenue cor. Ayala Blvd.
,  Philippines
Campus 5 campuses:
Quezon Province
Negros Occidental
Agusan del Sur
Hymn O, Alma Mater Ko
Colors          Royal Blue and Gold
Nickname Normal
Mascot Inang Pamantasan

The Philippine Normal University (PNU) is a public research university in Manila, Philippines established during the early days of American colonial rule. Pursuant to Republic Act No. 9647, it is now funded and operated as a National Center for Teacher Education in the country.[2]


Early history[edit]

The Main Building of the Philippine Normal University in Manila.
Normal Hall, the main student dormitory of PNU.

The Philippine Normal University (PNU) was originally established as the Philippine Normal School (PNS) by virtue Act No. 74 of the Philippine Commission. Enacted on 21 January 1901, Act No. 74 mandated for the establishment of a normal and trade school. The Philippine Normal School formally opened on 1 September 1901, as an institution for the training of teachers.[3]

Conversion into college[edit]

For more than two decades, PNS offered a two-year general secondary education program. It was only in 1928 when it became a junior college offering a two-year program to graduates of secondary schools. When PNS was converted into the Philippine Normal College (PNC) in 1949 through Republic Act No. 416, also known as the PNC Charter, the four-year Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education (BSEE) program was introduced. Subsequently, other undergraduate programs ensued, such as the Bachelor of Science in Education (BSE) with specialization in Elementary Education; a BSEE major in Home Economics; and a three-year Combined Home Economics diploma. In 1953, the Graduate School was established. Equipped with a legal mandate, PNC included the Master of Arts (MA) in Education curriculum in the academic program. However, the organization of a full-fledged Graduate School came five years later.[4]

It was only in 1970 when the Bachelor of Science in Education curriculum, offering major and minor subjects, was introduced. The passage of Republic Act No. 6515 on July 1972, which amended Republic Act No. 416, paved the way for the offering and conferment of the Doctor of Education (Ed. D) and the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D) degrees and the provision of other academic programs relevant to the in-service training of teachers, school supervisors, administrators, researchers, and other educational specialists and personnel. Curriculum development, revision, adaptation played an important role in ensuring high scholastic standards for the institution.[4]

As it gained its foothold in teacher education, PNC established branches in Agusan del Sur, Isabela, and Negros Occidental by virtue of Republic Act No. 4242 of 1965.[5] Aside from the creation of campuses, the college expanded its services, most significant of which was its designation as the Curriculum Development Center for Communication Arts (English and Filipino) under the Language Study Center-Educational Development Projects Implementing Task Force (LSC-EDPITAF) Project and afterward as Center of Excellence (CENTREX) in English, Filipino and Values Education. Its major functions included the development of English and Filipino textbooks and teacher manuals for use in public elementary and secondary schools nationwide, and the conduct of national level trainers-training programs for the Bureau of Secondary Education, Department of Education, Culture and Sports, and the Fund for Assistance to Private Education.[4]

University status[edit]

The school was elevated to university status on 26 December 1991, under Republic Act No. 7168. A fourth campus was born in Quezon province. It continues to serve as collaborative partner in various government and private-sector educational projects. In further recognition of its leadership role, the university was designated as Center of Excellence in Teacher Education (COE) for the National Capital Region and Center of Excellence in Filipino at the national level. On 1 September 2001, the university celebrated its centennial founding anniversary.[4]

In 2008, it was declared the country's National Center for Teacher Education by virtue of Republic Act No. 9647. Dr. Fe Hidalgo, an alumni and former Department of Education undersecretary served as Officer-in-Charge (OIC) of the University until December 31 of that year. On 16 November 2010. Dr. Ester B. Ogena, a director from the Department of Science and Technology was elected and appointed by the University's Board of Regents as the 10th University President. She assumed office on 1 January 2011.[1][4][6]


The historical marker placed at the PNU Main Building.


The Manila Campus is the flagship and oldest campus of the university. In 1909, American architect William E. Parsons was tasked by the Philippine Commission to draw up design for various schools to be established in the Philippines.[7][8] In 1911, he designed the Philippine Normal School, which was completed in 1914. It was designed using the California Mission style to juxtapose with the capiz window panes and ornately grilled ventanillas, was erected at the corner of Taft Avenue and Ayala Boulevard. The building, three-storeys in height, followed a V-configuration plan, where an auditorium was at the apex, while the rest of its segments were used as classrooms and laboratories linked by corridors. The construction, then budgeted at P374,000, was made of reinforced concrete. The exterior was relieved by panels of glazed polychromatic glazed tiles set in concrete.[7][8]

Other campuses[edit]

With the passage of Republic Act No. 4242 on 19 June 1965,[5] the university began establishing regional branches in various provinces in the Philippines. On 22 July 1968, the Negros Occidental campus in Cadiz City opened.[9] On 12 August 1968, the Agusan del Sur campus opened.[10] This was followed by the opening of the Isabela campus on 26 July 1971.[11] In 1980, the Quezon campus in Lopez started as a consortium with the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. After expiration of the agreement, the two partner institutions became separate colleges and established as a separate campus of their respective mother unit.[5][12]


The welcome marker of the Philippine Normal University.



Board of Regents[edit]

The Philippine Normal University Board of Regents (Filipino: Lupon ng mga Rehente ng Pamantasang Normal ng Pilipinas) is the highest decision-making body of the Philippine Normal University. Constituted by the Republic Act 8292, or commonly known as the Higher Education Modernization Act of 1997,[14] the board is composed of distinguished members and is vested with general powers of administration and the exercise of title powers of the corporation.

Position Board Member Designation
Chairperson Patricia Licuanan Commissioner, Commission on Higher Education
Vice Chairperson Ester B. Ogena University President
Member Pia Cayetano Senator and Chairperson, Committee on Education, Arts, and Culture, Senate of the Philippines
Member Roman T. Romulo Chairperson, Committee on Higher and Technical Education, House of Representatives
Member Erlinda Morales-Capones Director, Social Development Staff, National Economic and Development Authority
Member Mario L. Ramirez Alumni Regent; President, PNU Alumni Association
Member Michael M. Nael Faculty Regent; President, Federation of PNU Faculty Associations
Member Dana Janella Loyola Beltran Student Regent; President, PNU Student Government

Student publication[edit]

The Torch, the official symbol of the university and also the name of its official publication.

Founded in 1912, The Torch (Filipino: Ang Sulo) is the official student publication the university. It publishes periodicals and other printed materials funded, managed, and written by the students. The Torch publishes at least seven issues annually with the option of supplements, a special Filipino issue, called Ang Sulo, and a literary folio, called Aklas. It also holds activities, contests, and events, such as the annual "Liyab", a citywide journalism training seminar for high school publications, the "LitSem" or Literary Seminar-Workshop, and the Gawad Genoveva Edroza-Matute awards.[15]

Its editorial staff upholds the standards and ethics of journalism and functions as a catalyst to tap the holistic development of the students, exposing them to the objective social realities and to the people's right and welfare, and contributes to the development of responsible and committed student leaders and journalists. The publication is a member of the Progresibong Lupon ng mga Manunulat ng PNU (PLUMA-PNU) and the College Editors Guild of the Philippines (CEGP).[15]


Undergraduate programs[edit]

  • Bachelor of English Education (BEE)
  • Bachelor of Filipino Education (BFE)
  • Bachelor of Early Childhood Education (BECEd)
  • Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEEd)
  • Bachelor of Science in Psychology (BSP) - Guidance and Counseling Stream
  • Bachelor of Science in Information Technology Education (BSITE)
  • Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)
  • Bachelor of Science in Chemistry for Teacher (BSCT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Mathematics for Teachers (BSMT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Physics for Teachers (BSPT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Biology for Teachers (BSBT)
  • Bachelor of Science in Nutrition & Dietetics for Teachers (BSNDT)
  • Bachelor of Math and Science Elementary Education (BMSEE)
  • Bachelor of Mathematics Education (BME)
  • Bachelor of Music and Arts Education (BMAE)
  • With Certificates in Teaching Junior High School and Senior High School
  • Bachelor of Science Education (BSE)
  • With Specialization in Biology, Chemistry, and Physics
  • Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Secondary Education (AB/BSE) Major in Literature
  • English and Filipino Stream
  • Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSE)
  • BSE major in Biology
  • BSE major in Chemistry
  • BSE major in English
  • BSE major in Filipino
  • BSE major in General Science
  • BSE major in Mathematics
  • BSE major in Music Education
  • BSE major in Physical Education
  • BSE major in Physics
  • BSE major in Social Science
  • BSE major in Speech & Theater Arts
  • BSE major in Values Education

Undergraduate certificate programs[edit]

  • Certificate in Campus Writing & Advising
  • Certificate in English
  • Certificate in Filipino
  • Certificate in Home Economics
  • Certificate in Library & Information Science
  • Certificate in Livelihood Education
  • Certificate in Music Education
  • Certificate in Physical Education
  • Certificate in Preschool Education
  • Certificate in School Health Education
  • Certificate in Science Teaching
  • Certificate in Speech and Theater Arts
  • Certificate in Values Education
  • Certificate in Women Studies
  • Certificate in Teaching Program (Elementary/Secondary)
  • Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)

Graduate programs[edit]

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
  • Ph.D in Bilingual Education
  • Ph.D in Curriculum and Instruction
  • Ph.D in Educational Management
  • Ph.D in Filipino
  • Ph.D in Guidance and Counseling
  • Ph.D in Linguistics (Applied Linguistics Stream and Filipino Linguistics & Literature Stream)
  • Ph.D in Literature (English and Filipino Stream)
  • Ph.D in Mathematics Education
  • Ph.D in Reading Education
  • Ph.D in Science Education
  • Doctor of Education (Ed.D)
  • Ed.D in Educational Administration
  • Master of Arts in Education (MAEd)
  • Bilingual Education
  • Child Study
  • Curriculum & Instruction
  • Drama Education & Theater Arts
  • Educational Management
  • Educational Technology
  • Elementary Education
  • Early Childhood Education
  • English Language Teaching
  • Guidance and Counseling
  • Health Education
  • Home Economics
  • History Teaching
  • Library & Information Science
  • Literature (English & Filipino Stream)
  • Multilingual Education
  • Mathematics Education
  • Measurement & Evaluation
  • Music Education
  • Non-Formal Education
  • Pagtuturo ng Filipino
  • Physical Education
  • Reading
  • School Psychology
  • Social Science Teaching
  • Special Education
  • Visual Disabilities
  • Auditory Disabilities
  • Intellectual Disabilities
  • Intellectual Giftedness
  • Master of Education (MAEd) in:
  • Child Study
  • Drama Education & Theater Arts
  • Educational Management
  • Educational Measurement & Evaluation
  • Elementary Education
  • Guidance & Counseling
  • History Teaching
  • Music Education
  • Non-Formal Education
  • Physical Education
  • School Psychology
  • Social Science Teaching
  • Special Education
  • Values Education
  • Master of Arts in Science Education
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • General Science
  • Physics
  • Master in:
  • Educational Technology
  • Home Economics Education
  • Library and Information Science
  • Mathematics Education
  • Science Education
  • Master of Arts in:
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Linguistics

Notable faculty and alumni[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Biography: President Ester B. Ogena". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Congress of the Philippines. "An Act Designating the Philippine Normal University as the Country's National Center for Teacher Education, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes". Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Quodala, Schatzi (3 September 2013). "Did you know: Philippine Normal University". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "History and Milestones: A Brief History of the Philippine Normal University". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Congress of the Philippines (19 June 1965). "An Act Providing for the Establishment of Regional Branches of the Philippine Normal College and Authorizing the Appropriation of Funds therefor". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Ragos, Jimmy. "Dr. Ester B. Ogena is PNU’s 10th President". National Research Council of the Philippines. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Lico, Gerard (2008). Arkitekturang Filipino: A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. pp. 269–270. ISBN 978-971-542-579-7. 
  8. ^ a b Alarcon, Norma (2008). The Imperial Tapestry:American Colonial Architecture in the Philippines. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House. p. 93. ISBN 978-971-506-474-3. 
  9. ^ "PNU Visayas Campus". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "PNU Mindanao Campus". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "PNU North Luzon Campus". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "PNU South Luzon Campus". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Vision and Mission". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Congress of the Philippines. "Higher Education Modernization Act of 1997". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "The Torch Publications". Philippine Normal University. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°35′12″N 120°58′58″E / 14.5867°N 120.9828°E / 14.5867; 120.9828