Philippine Orthodox Church
|Part of a series on the|
|Eastern Orthodox Church|
Armenians and Greeks are recorded to have been the first Orthodox Christians on Luzón. An eighteenth century document written by Pedro Murillo Velarde, a Jesuit historian describing their order’s missionary labors in the Philippines, records the presence of such settlers in Manila as early as 1618.
Around the beginning of the 20th century, Greek sailors settled in Legazpi, Albay on the island of Luzon. Their descendants now number no more than 10 families, who have kept their Greek family names and have become distinguished public figures and intellectuals, including serving in the Greek consulate in Manila. One of the first Orthodox Christian faithful to arrive in the province of Albay was Aléxandros Áthōs Adamópoulos (later anglicized to Alexander A. Adamson), who came to Legaspi City in 1928. Together with his brother and cousin he co-founded Adamson University in 1932, which is now owned by the Vincentian Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church.
There are currently four canonical missions in the country:
- the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Mission in the Philippines, under the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East;
- the Exarchate of the Philippines, under the Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople;
- the Philippine Mission of the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia, under the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia (now a semi-autonomous part of the Moscow Patriarchate); and
- the Philippine Orthodox Church, under the Russian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate).
There are also some independent groups in the Philippines that use the term orthodox in their names but are not a part of the Orthodox Church neither in communion with or are recognized by any of the sixteen autocephalous canonical Orthodox jurisdictions throughout the world.
- "orthodox.ph - orthodox Resources and Information". philippines.orthodox.ph. Retrieved 30 April 2018.