Philippine de Rothschild
Baroness Philippine Mathilde Camille de Rothschild (22 November 1933 – 23 August 2014) was the owner of the French winery Château Mouton Rothschild. She acted under the stage name Philippine Pascale. She was the only daughter of the vintner Baron Philippe de Rothschild, a member of the Rothschild banking dynasty.
Rothschild was born in Paris, France. At the time of her birth, her mother, Elisabeth Pelletier de Chambure, a French Catholic aristocrat, was not married to her father Philippe de Rothschild, but instead married to Jonkheer Marc de Becker-Rémy, a Belgian nobleman. After a legal skirmish and the Jonkheer's threats to kidnap his wife's child, the Becker-Rémys divorced in 1934. Shortly afterwards, Rothschild's mother and father eventually married that same year in Paris. By 1939, Philippe de Rothschild separated from Elisabeth, who reverted to using her maiden name.
Rothschild had one brother, Charles Henri de Rothschild, who was born in 1938 and died that same year.
When Philippine de Rothschild was ten years old, she witnessed the Gestapo arrest her mother, who later died at Ravensbrück concentration camp, the only known member of the Rothschild family to die during World War II.
In 1958, she graduated from the Paris Conservatoire National d'Art Dramatique and acted in La Comédie Française with Catherine Deneuve. She played one of the leading roles in Harold and Maude with Madeleine Renaud between 1973 and 1980.
Work in the wine business
Rothschild entered her father's wine business in the late 1970s. When Philippe died in 1988, Philippine inherited three estates in Bordeaux: Château Mouton Rothschild (bought by her great-great grandfather Nathaniel de Rothschild in 1853), Château d'Armailhac, and Château Clerc Milon. She also became chairwoman and majority owner of Baron Philippe de Rothschild S.A. At the time of her father's death, the company sold 1.3 million cases of wine a year. By 2000, sales had almost doubled to 2.1 million cases. In 1999, sales amounted to around $155 million (approximately $220 million in 2015 dollars).
Her wine holdings included Château Mouton Rothschild, Château d'Armailhac, Château Clerc Milon, Domaine de Lambert, Baron Arques, Baron Philippe de Rothschild, Mouton Cadet, Opus One and Viña Almaviva.
Rothschild was married to:
- Jacques Noël Sereys (born 1928), a French theatre director and actor, whom she wed on 4 March 1961 and divorced 25 October 1999. They have a daughter and a son:
- Camille Sereys de Rothschild (born 1961)
- Philippe Sereys de Rothschild (born 1963)
- Jean-Pierre de Beaumarchais (born 1944), a biographer and scholar, who is a relative of 18th-century playwright Pierre Beaumarchais. They have one son:
- Philippe de Rothschild, Milady Vine, London: Jonathan Cape, 1984, page 107
- "BARONESS PHILIPPINE DE ROTHSCHILD GIVEN LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT AWARD BY DB AND IMW". The Drinks Business.
- Valynseele, Joseph; Mars, Henri-Claude (2004). Le Sang de Rothschild [The Rothschild Blood] (in French). Paris: L'Intermédiaire des Chercheurs et Curieux. p. 95. ISBN 2-908003-22-8.
- Per-Henrik Mansson, "The Mistress of Mouton", The Wine Spectator, 15 December 2000